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Top IoT Operating Systems, which will be the key to unlocking future of a smarter world
What is IoT Technology? • IoT-Focused, or Evolving from Platforms with converging technologies; not generic IT • Crucial to a wide range of digital business solutions • Valuable to a wide range of organizations and industries.
IoT Operating Systems • Unlike PCs and mobile devices, there's a wide variety of commercial and open source operating systems powering the IoT. • The OS Provides hardware abstraction to application. software fills in the gap between applications and the underlying hardware. • Real Time Operating Systems(RTOS) guarantees a maximum time limit for each critical operation it performs the scheduler in RTOS provides a predictable execution pattern. The IoT OS marketplace is highly fragmented, Dozens of different RTOS choices have their own pros and cons.
Key benefits OF IoT OS • Low Power consumption • Real-Time Response • Energy efficient operation • Security • Eco-system & Application Development
RIOT OS – Open Source RIOT is an IoT operating system with real-time capabilities. It was first developed by a consortium of universities in Germany and France, which included Free University of Berlin, French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation, and Hamburg University of Applied Sciences. It is released under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL). • Easy to sue API • Wide architecture support • Highly efficient power usage • Static and dynamic memory allocation
Android Things (Brillo) – Open Source Last fall at the Google I/O conference, Google announced its intention to enter the embedded OS market by introducing Brillo. The developer platform for an Android-based embedded OS is great for those who have extensive backgrounds programming Android apps. Brillo uses a communications protocol called Weave. • Rapid prototypes to real products • Turnkey hardware solutions • Low barrier to entry • Build products at scale
ARM Mbed OS – Open Source ARM mbed OS is an open source embedded operating system designed specifically for the "things" in the Internet of Things. It includes all the features you need to develop a connected product based on an ARM Cortex-M microcontroller, including security, connectivity, an RTOS, and drivers for sensors and I/O devices. • Being single threaded facilitates efficient power usage • Support for 200+ mbed-enabled boards and 500+ Components • IoT Solutions with multilayer security • Easy to impliments - modular library structure
FreeRTOS – Open Source Developed in partnership with the world's leading chip companies over a 12 year period, FreeRTOS is the market leading real time operating system (or RTOS), and the de-facto standard solution for microcontrollers and small microprocessors. With millions of deployments in all market sectors, blue chip companies trust FreeRTOS because it is professionally developed, strictly quality controlled, robust, supported. • Fast, Secure and scalable architecture • Best quality control in coding standards and implementation • Powerful execution trace functionality • Cross development from a standard Windows host
Windows 10 For IoT Microsoft's latest embedded OS is known as Windows 10 for IoT. Under this umbrella, there are three subset operating systems available, depending on your needs. First is Windows 10 for IoT Mobile, which supports the ARM architecture. • Universal Windows Platform and Hardware • Arduino Wiring API • Free development tool Visual Studio • Open frameworks like Connect-the-Dots • Azure IoT Cloud Connectivity
VxWorks - WindRiver Probably the most popular commercial RTOS used today is WindRiver's VxWorks. It provides a robust OS that's highly scalable. VxWorks also provides a great number of security features that are critical for IoT projects that demand them. VxWorks is very well-known in the industrial, medical, and aerospace fields • Combined with Advanced Capabilities to Meet Industry-Specific Requirements • Scalable footprint to meet unique functionality and processing power needs • Good rang of security features • Advanced networking and connectivity capabilities, delivering a highly robust systems
Embedded Apple iOS And OS X While Apple has yet to play a significant role in today's IoT market, it certainly is expected to do so very soon. Up to this point, Apple has adopted variants of its iOS platform and created IoT devices such as Apple TV, CarPlay (with the help of BlackBerry QNX), and the Apple Watch.
Nucleus RTOS The Nucleus® RTOS is deployed in over 3 billion devices and provides a highly scalable micro-kernel based real-time operating system designed for scalability and reliability. System reliability can be improved using lightweight memory partitioning support that can function with or without MMU/MPU assisted protection in systems spanning the range of aerospace, industrial, and medical applications • Stable kernel with a small memory footprint • Space partitioning for efficient memory use • Reliable process mode with extensive architecture support • Power managements APIs
Green Hills Integrity The flagship of Green Hills Software operating systems—the INTEGRITY RTOS—is built around a partitioning architecture to provide embedded systems with total reliability, absolute security, and maximum real-time performance. With its leadership pedigree underscored by certifications in a range of industries, INTEGRITY sets the standard for real-time operating system safety, security, and reliability • Maximum performance, security, reliability • Integrated middleware and platforms • Guaranteed separation • Architected for reliability • Hard real-time performance • Guaranteed memory resources
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Reference: www.developer.android.com/things/index.html www.riot-os.org www.developer.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/iot/explore/iotcore www.informationweek.com/iot/8-iot-operating-systems-powering-the-future/d/d-id/1324464?image_number=7 www.mbed.com/en/platform/mbed-os www.slideshare.net/hdelcastillo/top-iot-technologies-to-grow-your-business-ibm-interconnect-2017
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