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Cinco De Mayo!. Misconception : Cinco De Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day. Fact :

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Cinco De Mayo!

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    1. Cinco De Mayo! Misconception: Cinco De Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day. Fact: Mexican Independence is commemorated on September 16, when the revolutionary Priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla lead a call to arms that amounted to a declaration of war against the Spanish colonial government in 1810.(~50 years before Cinco de Mayo)

    2. El Cinco de Mayo,“The Fifth of May”, is a celebration in areas of Mexico, commemorating the victory of Mexican forces led by General Ignacio Zaragoza over French Expeditionary forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.

    3. Cinco De Mayo: • To force payment for Mexico’s outstanding debt, Britain, Spain & France sent troops to Mexico. • Mexico’s democratically elected President Benito Juárez made agreements with the British and the Spanish, who promptly recalled their armies, but the French stayed. • Emperor Napoleon III wanted to secure French dominance in Mexico and install one of his relatives, Archduke • Maximilian of Austria, as ruler of • Mexico. • Confident of a quick victory, 6,500 • French soldiers marched on to Mexico • City, encountering stiff resistance along • the way, before Zaragoza struck out to • intercept the French invaders.

    4. On May 5, 1862, Zaragoza's militia were ill-equipped and outnumbered, but were able to prevent French dragoons from taking the field and overwhelming the Mexican infantry. Utilizing the inhospitable terrain and a stampede of cattle set off by local peasants, the Mexicans stopped the French invasion that day. The French Emperor, upon learning of the failed invasion, immediately dispatched another 30,000 soldiers. By 1864, the French succeeded in defeating the Mexican army and occupying Mexico City. Archduke Maximillian became Emperor of Mexico.

    5. Maximilian's rule was short-lived. • Mexican rebels opposed to his rule resisted, seeking the aid of the United States. • Once the American Civil War was over, the U.S. military began supplying Mexicans with weapons and ammunition. • By 1867, the rebels finally • defeated the French and • deposed their puppet • Emperor.

    6. Other Days to celebrate this month… 1st…Lei Day & May Day 2nd…Holocaust Remembrance Day & National Truffles Day 4th…Star Wars Day & National Weather Observers’ Day 12th…Mother’s Day 15th…National Chocolate Chip Day 20th…First photo sent from Hubble telescope in 1990 24th…First Morse Code Message sent from Washington DC to Baltimore in 1844 May 30th…Memorial Day (observed on the 27th this year) Weeks in May… Teacher Appreciation Week National Pet Week National Police Week National Bike Week National Safe Boating Week May is… Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Asthma & Allergy Awareness Month (how appropriate) National Bar-B-Que Month National Egg, Strawberry, Salad, and Hamburger Month Physical Fitness & Sports Month