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Proteins. Nucleic Acids/Lipids. Water Properties. Carbs. Acids and Bases. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. 100 Protein. What are the four elements that make up protein?

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Proteins

Nucleic Acids/Lipids

Water Properties

Carbs

Acids and Bases

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

400

400

400

400

400

500

500

500

500

500

100 protein
100 Protein

What are the four elements that make up protein?

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen. (CHON)

200 protein
200 Protein

What is the monomer of proteins?

Amino Acids

300 protein
300 Protein

What are 2 of the 3 uses for proteins?

  • Help carry out chemical reactions
  • Fight diseases
400 protein
400 Protein

What is a denatured protein?

Protein that changes shape and doesn’t work.

500 protein
500 Protein

What are the 2 amino acid functional groups?

  • NH2
  • COOH (Carboxyl)
100 nucleic acids lipids
100 Nucleic Acids/Lipids

Nucleotides are combined by what type of bond?

Covalent Bond

200 nucleic acids lipids
200 Nucleic Acids/Lipids

What is an example of a lipid?

Pancake Mix

300 nucleic acids lipids
300 Nucleic Acids/Lipids

What are the functions of lipids?

  • Store Energy
  • Membranes of cells
400 nucleic acids lipids
400 Nucleic Acids/Lipids

What is the polymer structure of a lipid?

Triglyceride and Phospholipid

500 nucleic acids lipids
500 Nucleic Acids/ Lipids

What are the three parts of a nucleotide?

  • 5 Carbon Sugar
  • Phosphate group
  • Nitrogenious base
100 carbs
100 Carbs

What is the function of Carbs?

Source of energy.

200 carbs
200 Carbs

What are the 3 types of carbs?

  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Galactase
300 carbs
300 Carbs

What is a disaccharide?

Double sugar formed when monosaccharides combine in a dehydration synthesis reaction

400 carbs
400 Carbs

What is dehydration synthesis?

Links smaller molecules together to make a larger molecule by removing water

500 carbs
500 Carbs

What is hydrolysis?

Reaction that breaks apart larger molecules by adding a water molecule.

100 water properties
100 Water Properties

What is Adhesion?

When water bonds to something besides water

200 water properties
200 Water Properties

What is a polar molecule?

An uneven distribution of elections.

300 water properties
300 Water Properties

What bond forms between water molecules?

Hydrogen bond

400 water properties
400 Water Properties

Why is ice less dense then water?

Water molecules form crystalline structures.

500 water properties
500 Water Properties

What is the universal solvent?

Water

100 acids and bases
100 Acids and Bases

What is the pH scale ranged from?

0-14

200 acids and bases
200 Acids and Bases

What is the Acid range? Give an example

0-6 and lemon juice

300 acids and bases
300 Acids and Bases

What is the base range? Give an example.

8-14 and bleach

400 acids and bases
400 Acids and Bases

What is neutral and give an example?

7 and water

500 acids and bases
500 Acids and Bases

What environmental factors influence enzyme activity?

Temperature and pH