The Parsley Massacre - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Parsley Massacre

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  1. By: Marc Johnson The Parsley Massacre

  2. What is it? • A genocide in which approximately 20,000-30,000 Haitians were killed in the Dominican Republic

  3. Where? • This genocide occurred on the borderlands of The Dominican Republic and Haiti

  4. When? • The Genocide started on October 2nd, 1937 and ended on October 8th, 1937, lasting about five days

  5. Why? • Two Reasons: • Border issues • Agricultural issues

  6. Border Issues • Haiti covers only one third of the island whereas The Dominican Republic covers two thirds • Haiti has a larger population • The Dominican Republic has a large amount of farming land near the border • Haitians started to migrate over to The Dominican Republic to start farming • Haiti could try to claim the Haitian populated area in the Dominican as their own

  7. Agricultural Issues • The Haitians were farming land and therefore stealing profits from Dominicans • Haitians were also stealing cattle and crop from the Dominicans

  8. Who? •  Dominican President Rafael Trujillo started the genocide.

  9. How? • Dominican troops, civilians and local political authorities used guns, machetes, clubs and knives • Haitians were separated from the Dominicans by the way they pronounced Parsley, hence the name, “The Parsley Massacre”

  10. Aftermath • Rafael Trujillo tried to blame Dominican citizens for the killings, but US proved otherwise • Trujillo developed the land near the border • New laws restricted the immigration of Haitians • The Haitian and American government sought reparations of $750,000. Only $525,000 was paid. • Of the $30 per victim, only 2 cents were givento survivors

  11. Why Was The U.S.A There? • In 1915, a Haitian revolution occurred in which the president was killed • Nearby American naval ships came in to stop the fighting • The USA did not like thePresident that the Haitianswanted, so the US picked a President and forced him to sign into office • They stayed for 19 years,and all but one ship left in 1937

  12. The End

  13. Works Cited • http://www.blackpast.org/?q=gah/haitian-invasions-and-occupation-santo-domingo-1801-1844 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsley_Massacre • http://tamarasiuda.com/2011/10/07/remembering-the-cutting-1937s-parsley-massacre/ • http://haitiforever.com/windowsonhaiti/wucker1.shtml • http://nineteenthirtyseven.wordpress.com/the-parsley-massacre/ • http://www.culturaldiplomacy.org/gphr/index.php?1937 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Trujillo • http://thegermansmakegoodstuff.blogspot.ca/2011/10/brief-history-of-imperialist-interests.html • http://www.batayouvriye.org/English/Positions1/dr.html • http://fowomouvriye.org/Bulletins/001/70YearsAgo.html • http://www.dominicantoday.com/dr/forum/living-in-the-dr/general-info/2046/Dictator-Rafael-Trujillos-Haitian-Bloodline • http://www.pastforward.ca/publications/pf06/WRM%20Chapter%202%20photographs.htm • http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/historyofthecaribbean/p/08haiti1915.htm