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Imperialism. Bush on Iraq and the Philippines.

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bush on iraq and the philippines
Bush on Iraq and the Philippines

President George W. Bush: ''Some say the culture of the Middle East will not sustain the institutions of democracy. The same doubts were once expressed about the culture of Asia. Those doubts were proven wrong nearly six decades ago.” (October 2003)

New York Times, October 19, 2003

“In an eight-hour visit, Mr. Bush for the first time drew explicit comparisons between the transition he is seeking in Iraq and the rough road to democracy that the Philippines traveled from the time the United States seized it from Spain in 1898 to the present day…

While the administration often speaks of the occupations of Japan and Germany after World War II as rough models for the effort to rebuild Iraq, Mr. Bush used the visit here to make a less explicit analogy to the American administration of the Philippines, which also led to the formation of a democracy. But the comparison has less power to reassure, given that the Philippine government did not gain full autonomy for five decades.”

outline for today
Outline for Today:

1. Reasons of Expansion

2. War in the Caribbean and the Pacific

3. Occupation and Social Darwinism

4. Anti-Imperialism

reasons for expansion
Reasons for expansion

1. Official: liberate Cuba and the Philippines

2. Fear of competition with Europe

3. Need for new markets and sources for raw materials

4. Need for military bases

territories acquired in 1898
Territories acquired in 1898

The Philippines: achieved independence in 1946Hawaii: traditional territory, admitted as a state in 1959Guam: “unincorporated” territory, administered by US Navy until 1950Puerto Rico: “Commonwealth,” US citizenship extended in 1917 but cannot elect US Presidents

rudyard kipling s the white man s burden
Rudyard Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden”

Take up the White Man's burden--

Send forth the best ye breed--

Go, bind your sons to exile

To serve your captives' need;

To wait, in heavy harness,

On fluttered folk and wild--

Your new-caught sullen peoples,

Half devil and half child.

Take up the White Man's burden!

Have done with childish days--

The lightly-proffered laurel,

The easy ungrudged praise:

Comes now, to search your manhood

Through all the thankless years,

Cold, edged with dear-bought wisdom,

The judgment of your peers.

advance of kansas volunteers at caloocan 1899
Advance of Kansas Volunteers at Caloocan, 1899

(reenacted by New Jersey National Guard)

Co-founders of the Anti-Imperialist League: Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor

Co-founders of the Anti-Imperialist League: Ida B. Wells-Barnett, anti-lynching reformer and co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP, founded in 1909)

Co-founders of the Anti-Imperialist League: Jane Addams, founder of the Hull House, co-founder of the NAACP
u s presidents 1877 present
U.S. Presidents, 1877-Present

Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-1881

James Garfield, 1881

Chester Arthur, 1881-1885

Grover Cleveland, 1885-1889

Benjamin Harrison, 1889-1993

Grover Cleveland, 1993-1997

William McKinley, 1897-1901

Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1909

William H. Taft, 1909-1913

Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1921

Warren Harding, 1921-1923

Calvin Coolidge, 1923-1929

Herbert Hoover, 1929-1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933-1945

Harry Truman, 1945-1953

Dwight Eisenhower, 1953-1961

John F. Kennedy, 1961-1963

Lyndon Johnson, 1963-1969

Richard Nixon, 1969-1974

Gerald Ford, 1974-77

Jimmy Carter, 1977-1981

Ronald Reagan, 1981-1989

George H.W. Bush, 1989-1993

William J. Clinton, 1993-2001

George W. Bush, 2001-present