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Describe the basic structure of fungi. • Explain the function of spores in fungal reproduction. • Compare and contrast the characteristics of the Kingdom Fungi. Targets
Eukaryotic • Unicellular and Multicellular • Heterotrophic • Non-motile • Asexual and Sexual Reproduction What are the characteristics of Fungi?
Hyphae- threads of cytoplasm covered by a cell wall Mycelium- Interwoven mat of hyphae, used for feeding What structures make up Fungi?
Fungi are classified by how they reproduce. • Main reproductive structure- THE SPORE How are Fungi classified?
Spore: single cells with thick cell walls • Thick cell walls protect them during unfavorable conditions and for long periods of time. • They are transported by wind, water or animals. What is a spore?
Zygote Fungi • Sac Fungi • Club Fungi • Yeasts *The four types categorized by the location of the spore. What are the 4 types of fungi?
Habitat: Live in soil or on decaying plant or animal material • Reproductive structure: sporangia (holds spores on long thin filaments) • Examples: Bread mold Zygote Fungi
Habitat: Live in aquatic or terrestrial environments • Reproductive structure: ascus (tube that holds the spores) • Examples: Morels (edible fungus), penicillium ( source of penicillin), cheese Sac Fungi
Habitat: Found on dead and decaying plant matter • Reproductive structure: basidia (spores held in folds under cap) • Examples: Mushrooms (both edible and poisonous) Club Fungi
Habitat: Live in liquid or moist places • Reproductive structure: since they are unicellular, they are a spore • Examples: Baker’s Yeast (a type of sac fungi) Yeasts- Unicellular Fungi
Describe the basic structure of fungi. • Explain the function of spores in fungal reproduction. • Compare and contrast the characteristics of the Kingdom Fungi. Wrap-Up