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Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness

Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness

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Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness

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  1. Chapter 1 Strategic Management and Strategic Competitiveness Michael A. Hitt R. Duane Ireland Robert E. Hoskisson ©2003 South-Western Publishing Company

  2. The Strategic Management Process Chapter 2 The External Environment Strategic Intent Strategic Mission Strategic Inputs Chapter 3 The Internal Environment Strategy Implementation Strategy Formulation Chapter 4 Business-Level Strategy Chapter 5 Competitive Rivalry and Competitive Dynamics Chapter 6 Corporate- Level Strategy Chapter 10 Corporate Governance Chapter 11 Organizational Structure and Controls Strategic Actions Chapter 7 Acquisition and Restructuring Strategies Chapter 8 International Strategy Chapter 9 Cooperative Strategy Chapter 12 Strategic Leadership Chapter 13 Strategic Entrepreneurship Strategic Competitiveness Above-Average Returns Strategic Outcomes Feedback

  3. Important Definitions Strategic Management Process The full set of commitments, decisions, and actions required for a firm to achieve strategic competitiveness and earn above-average returns

  4. Important Definitions Strategic Competitiveness Achieved when a firm successfully formulates and implements a value-creating strategy Above-Average Returns Occurs when a firm develops a strategy that competitors are not simultaneously implementing Provides benefits which current and potential competitors are unable to duplicate

  5. Strategic reorientation Capacity to learn Organizational slack Strategic Flexibility Strategic Flexibility Strategic Flexibility Strategic flexibility

  6. General Global Political/Legal Demographic Economic Sociocultural Technological Environment I/O Model of Above-Average Returns 1. External Environments 1. Strategy dictated by the external environments of the firm (what opportunities exist in these environments?) 2. Firm develops internal skills required by external environment (what can the firm do about the opportunities?) Industry Environment Competitor Environment

  7. The External Environment An Attractive Industry Strategy Formulation Assets and Skills Strategy Implementation Superior Returns I/O Model of Above-Average Returns Industrial Organization Model Superior returns: earning of above-average returns

  8. Four Attributes of Resources and Capabilities (Competitive Advantage) Valuable allow the firm to exploit opportunities or neutralize threats in its external environment Rare possessed by few, if any, current and potential competitors Resources and Capabilities Costly to imitate when other firms cannot obtain them or must obtain them at a much higher cost Nonsubstitutable the firm is organized appropriately to obtain the full benefits of the resources in order to realize a competitive advantage

  9. Resources and capabilities that meet these four criteria become a source of: Valuable Rare Core Competencies Core Competencies Resources and Capabilities Costly to imitate Nonsubstitutable

  10. Core Competencies are the basis for a firm’s Competitive advantage Strategic competitiveness Core Competencies Ability to earn above-average returns

  11. Resources Capability Competitive Advantage An Attractive Industry Strategy Form/Impl Superior Returns Resource-based Model of Above Average Returns Resource-based Model Superior returns: earning of above-average returns

  12. The Firm and Its Stakeholders Stakeholders Capital Market Stakeholders Product Market Stakeholders Organizational Stakeholders Employees Managers Nonmanagers