slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Presidents of the United States

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 44

The Presidents of the United States - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Presidents of the United States. George Washington 1788-1796. George Washington led the Colonial Army in their revolt against Britain. After the war, some in Congress wanted to make Washington king. With the new constitution, adopted in 1787, Washington was

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Presidents of the United States' - cosmo

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

George Washington


George Washington led the Colonial Army in

their revolt against Britain. After the war, some

in Congress wanted to make Washington king.

With the new constitution, adopted in 1787, Washington was

elected president. Being the first, all eyes were on him. How

would he want people to address him and how would he run the

Executive Department. Washington created the first cabinet

positions and also signed the Judicary Act.


John Adams


John Adam’s is considered by many to be the

person most responsible for convincing the

Continental Congress to break away from

Britain. The Undeclared War occurred during

Adams presidency. It was also during this time that the Alien

and Sedition Acts were passed. Adams and Jefferson continued

to be at odds and both ran against each other in the election of

1800. With the loss, Adams returned home. John Adams died on

July 4, 1826 the 50th year anniversary of the signing of the

Declaration of Independence.


Thomas Jefferson


Jefferson was a politician, writer, scientist, and

slave owner. He was the main writer of the

Declaration of Independence. As president, he

had a wine bill of over $11,000 and sometimes even

met foreign amassadors in a wine stained coat. During his

Presidency, Jefferson sent the Navy out to destroy the Barbary

Pirates, purchased the Louisiana Territory, and sent the

Lewis and Clark Expedition out. Jefferson freed his slaves after

his death. Some believe he fathered a child from a slave. Like John

Adams, Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, the 50th year anniversary

of the Declaration of Independence.


James Madison


James Madison is considered the Father of the

Constitution. During his presidency, America’s

Second Revolutionary War occurred (War of 1812). As the

British burned Washington D.C. Madison’s wife Dolly saved

Much of the art work in the White House before fleeing for

Her life.


James Monroe


Monroe’s Presidency was called the era of

good feeling. The U.S. entered a period of a

75 years of isolationism. He did issue the Monroe Doctrine which told

Europeans to stay out of Western Hemisphere affairs. Monroe was

The last president to have been directly involved in the Revolutionary

War. The Erie Canal was built during this time and the Missouri

Compromise was agreed to by Northern and Southern leaders.


John Quincy Adams


The son of John Adams, John Quincy actually

lost the popular and electoral vote to Andy

Jackson. Because there was no clear majority the

House decided the election and voted for Adams. Not very

popular because of the election results, John Q. Adams lost his

reelection bid. Returning home he represented Mass. In

Congress. In 1838 John Adams Represented the Africans in the

Supreme Court in the famous Amestad Case. Jackson dueled

with Charles Dickenson after Dickenson insulted Jackson’s



Andrew Jackson


Andrew Jackson was probably one of the most

stubborn presidents in history. He should have

been impeached for his removal of the Indians

in Georgia in the famous ‘Trail of Tears’. During the War of 1812

he became famous for capturing New Orleans even though the

war was over when the battle occurred. Hating the National Bank

Jackson removed all government money out and put it in local

banks triggering inflation and eventually a Depression. He

started the Spoils System and the Kitchen Cabinet. Jackson died

when on a hot summer day he ate to many cherries and the

“gas attack” killed him.


Martin Van Buren


Van Buren was Jackson’s hand picked successor

which meant that everything he did he would be

compared to the popular Andy Jackson. Even though the

Panic of 1838 was not his making (Jackson), he was the

president and had to assume responsibility in the eyes of the

people. He was President during the famous Amestad Case.

No hand picked successor has ever been reelected.


William Harrison


“Tippicanoe” became famous in the early

Indian Wars when he defeated the famous

Chief Pontiac. At the treaty signing a

Shaman told Harrison he would become

leader of his people and while leader he will die and that every

20 years the leader chosen by the American people will die.

Harrison was elected in 1840 and died 45 days later of

the flu because he gave a 3 hour inauguration speech in

freezing weather. In the elections of 1860, 1880, 1900, 1920,

1940 and 1960 that president never finished the term.

ended the streak when he was elected in 1980.


John Tyler


‘Tippicanoe and Tyler To’ was the campaign

slogan in the election of 1840. When Harrison

died people started asking “Tyler Who?” Tyler

will be the first Vice-President to become president upon the

death or resignation of the president elect. The question that

needed to be answered was is Tyler a caretaker with congress

dictating policy or is Tyler actually the president. Tyler decided

he was president according to the constitution. During a

Navy parade on the Potomac River, the guns on the ships went

off and landed on a dock killing Tyler’s Father-in-Law.


James K. Polk


’54’40” or Fight’ and ‘Texas Annexation’

were the campaign slogans of Polk.

The crying call of Manifest Destiny could be

heard as Polk took office. Wanting to serve only one term Polk

accomplished a lot. He forced war with Mexico, getting all the of

Southwest as a prize. Polk convinced congress to annex Texas as a

State. In an agreement with Britain, the border between the

United States and Canada was set at the 49th parallel from the

Rocky Mountains to the Pacific. Just before he left office gold

was discovered in California.


Zachary Taylor


Zachary Taylor became famous as a result of the Mexican War.

He survived two years into his presidency. He was only

the second president to die in office. In the 1990’s his

relatives allowed his remains to be dug up to test for arsenic.

the fear was Taylor was poisoned which ended up being



Millard Fillmore


Taking Zachary Taylor’s place, Filmore is most

Remembered for the Compromise of 1850.


Franklin Pierce


Just before Pierce took office his 11 year old son was killed

in a train wreck. His most notable accomplishment was

The Kansas-Nebraska Act.


James Buchanan


Buchanan was the last president of a unified

country prior to the Civil War. His

opponent, John C. Fremont, was the first

Republican to run for the presidency. Even though Fremont lost,

he did win the Northern States thus telling Southerner's that

in the election of 1860 they could be in trouble. Some say

Buchanan was our only gay president. They say his girl friend

committed suicide when he wrote her telling her he was gay.

There are also letters to his “boyfriend”.


Abraham Lincoln


Abraham Lincoln’s goal was to preserve the

union and if that meant the continuation of

slavery then so be it, but the South wasn’t

buying it. Shortly after his victory South Carolina led the

Southern States in seceding from the Union. Lincoln knew

how he wanted to win the war, firing 4 generals before

he came up with U.S. Grant. When the war was over, Lincoln

wanted the South to easily come back into the Union but

He was killed before he could implement it. He carried

letters and bills in his stove pipe hat.


Andrew Johnson


Taking Lincoln’s place as president he fought

the Radical Republican’s on their idea about

the South. Fearing they would have problems

with Johnson, the Radical’s passed the Tenure in Office Act

and when Johnson did not oblige they impeached him.

By one vote, Johnson was saved from removal from office.


Ulysses S. Grant


Grant won the presidency because he was The

Hero of the Civil War. But Grant would not

make a good president. A heavy drinker,

Grant was taken advantage of by his aides. During his two

terms the transcontinental railroad was finished, Custer’s

Last Stand occurred and the U.S. celebrated its 100th

Anniversary. Grant once got a ticket for speeding on a

horse. He was born Hiram Ulysses Grant but changed it

Because of H.U.G


Rutherford B. Hayes


Rutherford B. Hayes was involved in one of the

most controversial elections in U.S. History.

Sam Tilden won the popular vote and and

needed only one electoral vote to win clear majority. There

were 20 electoral votes in dispute and historians say Tilden

had clear evidence of winning some. But the Electoral

Commission gave all the electoral votes to Hayes and thus the

election. The South was furious but agreed to let Hayes

become president if Reconstruction ended.


James Garfield


Garfield wasn’t president very long. He was

president long enough to ask Lincoln’s

son, Robert, to the White House to tell Garfield all the details

he could about his fathers assassination. Shortly afterward

Garfield himself was assassinated. Being ambidextrous and

bilingual, Garfield could write Greek with one hand while

writing Latin with the other hand.


Chester A. Arthur


Arthur knew he had a fatal kidney infection within one

year after taking office and kept it a secret. He is most

Known for signing the Pendleton Act.


Grover Cleveland



Grover Cleveland is the only president to have

won an election lost the next election and then

come back four years later to win again. What

Happened? It might have been the fact that he raised his best

friends daughter and then married her in a lavish White House

ceremony. People loved her but word came out that Grover

abused her. When he lost the election Mrs. Cleveland told the

Maids to keep every thing clean because they would be back. And so they were. Or did he lose because of his rubber jaw?


Benjamin Harrison


Benjamin Harrison’s grandfather was William

Harrison. Benjamin was once a Prosecuting

Attorney in Chicago. His job was to find

people who were stealing cadavers. The cadavers were used

by medical students for practice. When he broke in to one

operation he found out that one of the cadavers was his

Grandfather. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was passed during

his four years in office.


William McKinley


McKinley took the United States out of its

isolationist beliefs when he asked Congress

for a declaration of war against Spain. The

Spanish-American War got the U.S. involved in the

Imperialistic movement of the time. Winning reelection

McKinley will the the 3rd president that is assassinated.


Teddy Roosevelt


Roosevelt became famous when he led the

Rough Riders up San Juan hill. Roosevelt

became known as ‘Teddy the Trust Buster’.

He was the first president to use a telephone and ride in a

submarine. Roosevelt supported Panama’s independence

from Colombia and the resulting treaty allowed the U.S.

to build the Panama Canal. Roosevelt decided not to run

for reelection in 1908 but returned in 1912 to start the

Bull Moose Party costing Taft the election.


William Howard Taft


Taft never wanted to run for president

but his pushy wife convinced him to.

Weighing over 300 pounds Taft got stuck

in the White House bathtub and had a special oversized tub

installed. Taft is considered the first golfing president. As

hand picked successor of Roosevelt’s he lost reelection.

He later became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.


Woodrow Wilson


Woodrow Wilson was elected because

William Howard Taft and Teddy Roosevelt

split the Republican vote. Wilson won re-

election because he “kept us out of war”. After his re-election,

Wilson found himself asking for U.S. participation in WW I.

After the war Wilson had a stroke while trying to convince the

American people to force the Senate to support the Treaty of

Versailles. Wilson’s wife protected him and in some respects ran the Executive Department. During his tenure, Wilson convinced Congress to create the Federal Reserve System. He allowed sheep

To grow on the White House lawn giving profits to Red Cross.


Warren G. Harding


“He wasn’t a bad man. He was just simply

a slob.” So said Teddy Roosevelt’s daughter

at the funeral of Warren Harding. His Ohio

Gang was involved in numerous scandals that came out after his

death (the Teapot Dome Scandal to name one). He had an

affair with a women who would bear him a child and write

a book about it after his death. This is the first election in which

women were allowed to vote.


Calvin Coolidge


If there was a dime on the ground, Coolidge

would fight you for it. He was that cheap.

But he was also honest and that was a

great change. Coolidge believed in Laze-Faire which would

make him popular but hurt his predecessor. The Roaring

Twenties was a signature of the Coolidge Prosperity. The

radio, talkies, sports, prohibition and the automobile all took

center stage during this time period


Herbert Hoover


“A chicken in every pot and a car in every

garage.” So said Hoover. What a mistake. Less

then one year after his famous speech and

becoming president, the Stock Market Crashed and the country

fell into its worst depression in history. Was Hoover at fault?

No, but he was the president. He tried to get us out of the

Depression but it wasn’t enough and wasn’t fast enough.


Franklin D. Roosevelt


Considered by most people, including his

mistress, the greatest president in the

history of the U.S. His Social Revolution

of government spending and debt might have saved the

Country. New Deal measures included minimum wage, FDIC,

and Social Security. Leading this country in WW II, Roosevelt

was the only President to serve more then two terms. He died

after being reelected for the 4th time with his mistress by his



Harry Truman


Shortly after becoming president, Truman

was told about the atomic bomb. He will

decide to drop it on Japan in hopes of ending

the war. Because of the fear of Communism, Truman issued

the Truman Doctrine based on containing the communist. To

help Europe, Truman convinced Congress to pass the Marshall

Plan. In a bold move, Truman integrated the military and

recognized Israel. Not expected to win in 1948, Truman

surprised everyone. One of his most famous decisions was to

fire Gen. MacArthur during the Korean War.


Dwight D. Eisenhower


The war hero Eisenhower ran and won the

election of 1952. His running mate was the

young and controversial Richard Nixon.

Eisenhower had a major heart attack during his first term.

It was also during his first term that McCarthyism took place.

When the Russians sent up Sputnik, American’s panicked.

Eisenhower was the first president that could not run for

More then two terms.


John F. Kennedy


What started out as Camelot ended in tragedy

for the youngest elected president. Kennedy

defeated Richard Nixon in, at that time, the closest election in

the history of the United States. The Cuban Missile Crisis,

The Berlin Wall, The first Nuclear Test ban Treaty, Civil

Rights all took a back seat when on November 22, 1963 three

shots ran out in Dallas and a dead president was the result.


Lyndon B. Johnson


“Guns and Butter”. More guns (Vietnam)

means less butter (Social Programs). This was

Johnson’s problem throughout his time as

president. Johnson pushed his ‘Great Society’ but always the

Vietnam War was around. Running for election in 1964

Johnson trumped up the Gulf of Tonkin incident and convinced

Congress to pass the Tonkin Resolution. “Hey, Hey LBJ, whose

kid did you kill today” was the slogan for Vietnam War

protestors. After the Tet Offensive in 1968 Johnson decided not

to run for a second full term.


Richard Nixon


A Political Player from 1950-1974 it all came

crashing down on Richard Nixon because of the

Watergate Scandal. The Anti-Communist, he became the first

President to go to mainland China and meet with Mao. He also

signed the first SALT agreement with the Soviet Union. A very

strong foreign policy president his downfall started with his

refusal to pull out of Vietnam. “I will not be the first president

to lose a war.”, was his fear. His fear ended up costing him.


Gerald Ford


Gerald Ford is the first and only non-elected

president. He became Vice-President when

Spiro Agnew resigned and then became

President when Richard Nixon resigned. Wanting the long

nightmare to be over, Ford pardoned Nixon and gave

amnesty to draft dodgers. There were two attempts on his

life. One was by one of Charlie Manson’s girls. Gerald Ford’s

first name is actually Leslie. Ford was drafted by the Green

Bay Packers to pay football but declined the offer.


Jimmy Carter


The man from Plains, Georgia became

president out of America’s want for an

outsider. And an outsider he was, which

caused him problems with all the insiders.

the highest inflation and interest rates combined helped

cause a deep Recession in 1980 and ultimately helped cost him

the election in 1980. Other reasons for not being reelected was

the Iran Hostage Crisis and Boycotting the 1980 Olympics.


Ronald Reagan


Nationalism and Patriotism jumped to the

forefront when Reagan was elected.

Reagan’s ‘Evil Empire’ slogan helped

create the first START agreement. Many

admirers believe Ronald Reagan ended the Soviet Bloc. Reagan

was the oldest elected president in history and the first former

actor. As a young life guard, Reagan rescued 77 people from



George H. Bush


He was a former U.S. Representative,

and head of the CIA. “Read my lips.

There will be no new taxes”, was his

campaign slogan. After Iraq invaded

Kuwait, he led a UN backed mandate

to get Iraq out. The war ended 100

Days and Bush looked like a sure winner in 1992. That was until

The economy went sour and Bush had to raise taxes breaking

His campaign promise.


Bill Clinton


Clintonwill be the first president since

Andrew Johnson to be impeached

by the House, but the senate did not

remove him from office. His famous

campaign slogan, “It’s the economy

stupid” helped defeat Bush Sr.

During his eight years in office the

American economy had its longest

continued success.


George W. Bush


Bush was sworn in as president on January 20, 2001. Though he originally outlined an ambitious domestic agenda, his priorities were significantly altered following the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001. Wars were waged in Afghanistan and later Iraq while significant debates regarding immigration, healthcare, Social Security, economic policy, and treatment of terrorist detainees took place within the United States.