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PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. GEORGE WASHINGTON. Whiskey Rebellion – farmer rebellion over Hamilton’s economic plan (tax); Washington ended quickly sending message armed resistance to gov’t not allowed Farewell Address- -no political parties and no foreign entanglements

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George washington
GEORGE WASHINGTON

  • Whiskey Rebellion– farmer rebellion over Hamilton’s economic plan (tax); Washington ended quickly sending message armed resistance to gov’t not allowed

  • Farewell Address--no political parties and no foreign entanglements

  • Precedents– serve only two terms, Mr. President


John adams
JOHN ADAMS

  • XYZ Affair – tired to meet with France; they sent agents with demands we refused; fought an unofficial war with France after

  • Alien and Sedition Acts – took away rights of immigrants and silenced critics of government


Thomas jefferson
THOMAS JEFFERSON

  • Democratic-Republican Party

  • Agrarian empire – farmers!

  • Louisiana Purchase – 1803bought from France for $15 million doubling size of US

  • Embargo Act – halted all trade attempting to solve issues at sea; hurt US economy and still ended up going to war with Britain


James madison
JAMES MADISON

  • War of 1812 – US vs. GB; US won

  • Star Spangled Banner – written after Battle of Fort McHenry by Francis Scott Key

  • Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson hero

  • US begins to make own manufactured goods formerly imported from Britain


James monroe
JAMES MONROE

  • Era of Good Feelings

  • Monroe Doctrine--Europe should not interfere in Latin America or the U.S.


John quincy adams
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS

  • The “corrupt bargain” ruined his presidency and he only served 1 term


Andrew jackson
ANDREW JACKSON

  • Spoils system – giving gov. jobs to supporters

  • Indian Removal Act – Cherokee sue (Worcester v. Georgia) and win but Jackson has them removed - Trail of Tears

  • Nullification Crisis over Tariff of Abominations – south threaten to secede

  • Vetoed the National Bank charter, creating an economic panic


Martin van buren
MARTIN VAN BUREN

  • Economic depression


Willliam henry harrison
WILLLIAM HENRY HARRISON

  • Won election on a log cabin campaign - “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too”

  • First president to die in office


John tyler
JOHN TYLER

  • First Vice President to take over when a President died in office

  • Encouraged the annexation of Texas


James k polk
JAMES K. POLK

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Oregon Country - 54°40´ or fight

  • Accomplished the annexation of Texas

  • The Mexican War – Polk provoked Mexico into the war to gain land in the west


Taylor fillmore pierce buchanan
TAYLOR, FILLMORE, PIERCE, BUCHANAN

  • Failed to stop the Civil War

    • Compromise of 1850, Kansas and Nebraska Act, etc


Abraham lincoln
ABRAHAM LINCOLN

  • Republican Party

  • Civil War president

  • Emancipation Proclamation – freed slaves in the south

  • Gettysburg Address – dedicated cemetery in Gettysburg

  • 10% Reconstruction Plan – forgive South and put the country back together

  • First president to be assassinated



Presidents of the united states


Why did the government encourage people to move west
WHY DID THE GOVERNMENT ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO MOVE WEST? more land.

  • More farmland

  • Increase trade

  • Spread democracy

  • “Civilize” the native population


Presidents of the united states


Presidents of the united states

  • WHO IS IN THE WAY? Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.


Western territorial acquisitions
WESTERN TERRITORIAL ACQUISITIONS Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.

  • Louisiana Purchase

    • 1803, France, $15 million, X2 country, Lewis and Clark, Sacagawea

  • Republic of Texas annexed

  • Mexican War led to the Mexican Cession

    • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

      • California – 1849, Gold Rush, 49ers

      • Utah – Mormon Migration

  • Oregon Country divided with Britain

    • Mountain Men, Oregon Trail

  • Gadsden Purchase

  • Florida

    • Spain, Adams-Onis Treaty


  • Industrial revolution

    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.


    Industrial revolution1
    INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.

    • Machines do the work of people.


    How did it happen in america
    HOW DID IT HAPPEN IN AMERICA? Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.

    • IR came from England to New England--rivers, good ports, labor source

    • Free enterprise system encouraged the development of new businesses.


    How did the industrial revolution affect american life
    HOW DID THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AFFECT AMERICAN LIFE? Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.

    • People left farms and moved to cities for factory jobs.

    • Urban areas grew.


    Inventions
    INVENTIONS Destiny--that it was God’s will that they settle the North American continent from ocean to ocean.

    • Cotton gin, steam engine (steamboats and railroads), interchangeable parts and the assembly line.



    Reform movements

    REFORM MOVEMENTS poor working conditions.


    Reform movements1
    REFORM MOVEMENTS poor working conditions.

    • Many Americans in the 1800’s felt that life in the United States could be improved.


    Abolition
    ABOLITION poor working conditions.

    • Get rid of slavery

    • Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Grimke sisters, Harriet Tubman.


    Temperance
    TEMPERANCE poor working conditions.

    • No drinking alcohol


    Women s movement
    WOMEN’S MOVEMENT poor working conditions.

    • Wanted equal rights with men and suffrage

    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Anthony

    • Seneca Falls Convention


    Prison treatment of the mentally ill
    PRISON/TREATMENT OF THE MENTALLY ILL poor working conditions.

    • Dorothea Dix


    Transendentalists
    TRANSENDENTALISTS poor working conditions.

    • Stressed the relationship between humans and nature and the importance of individual conscience.

    • Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau


    Second great awakening
    SECOND GREAT AWAKENING poor working conditions.

    • Religious movement to improve life in America.


    Background to the civil war

    BACKGROUND TO THE CIVIL WAR poor working conditions.

    SECTIONAL ISSUES THAT SPLIT THE COUNTRY


    Tariffs
    TARIFFS poor working conditions.

    • Taxes on imported goods.

    • NORTH--favored the tariff because it protected American business.

    • SOUTH--against the tariff because it made manufactured goods that farmers had to buy more expensive.


    Slavery
    SLAVERY poor working conditions.

    • NORTH--had little effect on the economy; the North had mostly factories and businesses and small farms with no need for slaves.

    • SOUTH--dependent on slave labor because of the labor-intensive crops on plantations (tobacco and cotton).


    States rights vs national power who is supreme
    STATES’ RIGHTS vs. NATIONAL POWER--WHO IS SUPREME? poor working conditions.

    • The Nullification crisis during the Jackson administration and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (popular sovereignty) raised a debate about states’ rights.


    Presidents of the united states


    Presidents of the united states


    Presidents of the united states



    Presidents of the united states


    The civil war and reconstruction

    THE CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.


    Presidents of the united states


    People to know
    PEOPLE TO KNOW fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.

    • Abraham Lincoln--president of the Union

    • Jefferson Davis--president of the Confederacy

    • U.S. Grant--commander of Union forces

    • Robert E. Lee--commander of Confederate forces


    Civil war timeline
    CIVIL WAR TIMELINE fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.

    • Firing on Ft. Sumter--war began

    • First Battle of Bull Run--first major battle of the war

    • Battle of Vicksburg--Union took control of the Mississippi River

    • Emancipation Proclamation--Lincoln ordered all slaves in the Confederate states were free


    Timeline cont
    TIMELINE, cont. fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.

    • Battle of Gettysburg--stopped the Confederate invasion of the North

    • Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse, ending the Civil War

    • Assassination of Lincoln--by John Wilkes Booth five days after the surrender.


    Reconstruction
    RECONSTRUCTION fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.

    • The period of time in U.S. history after the Civil War when the United States and the South were rebuilt.


    Reconstruction amendments to the constitution
    RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION fired upon Ft. Sumter, South Carolina.

    • 13th--abolished slavery

    • 14th--gave citizenship to freed slaves

    • 15th--guaranteed the right to vote to all black men