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Mission to Mars. ENGR 103 Team FFF Prof. Choi. Launch Dates and Mission Itinerary . General Method of Travel. Two Ships Mars Mission Supply 1 Hohmann Transfer Spaceship Ram Assembly and launch in Space. MMS1 and the Hohmann Transfer . Mars Mission Supply 1 (MMS1) Fuel- 7000kg

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Mission to mars

Mission to Mars

ENGR 103

Team FFF

Prof. Choi

Launch dates and mission itinerary

Launch Dates and Mission Itinerary

General method of travel
General Method of Travel

  • Two Ships

  • Mars Mission Supply 1

    • Hohmann Transfer

  • Spaceship Ram

    • Assembly and launch in Space

Mms1 and the hohmann transfer
MMS1 and the Hohmann Transfer

  • Mars Mission Supply 1 (MMS1)

    • Fuel- 7000kg

    • Batteries- 5000kg

    • Supplies

      • Food- 700kg

      • Tools for Martian Exploration- 100kg

    • Landing Craft- 14000kg

      • Mars Buggy- 210kg

    • Total- 27010kg

Launch dates
Launch Dates

  • Mars Closest to Earth

    • May 22, 2016

    • July 27, 2018

  • Launch of MMS1- November 16, 2017

  • Launch of Spaceship Ram- June 17, 2018

  • Both crafts enter Martian Orbit- July 27, 2018

Martian day 0
Martian Day 0

  • Entrance into Mars orbit

  • Rendezvous of Spaceship Ram with MMS1

Martian day 1
Martian Day 1

  • Docking with MMS1

  • Preparation for landing upon Martian Surface

Martian day 2
Martian Day 2

Mars Expedition

Orbiting Vessels

  • Battery swap

  • Begin hydrogen refueling process

  • Landing upon Martian Surface

Martian day 3
Martian Day 3

Mars Expedition

Orbiting Vessels

  • Deuterium Helium 3 refueling

  • Transfer of supplies payload

  • Exploration

  • Collection of Samples

Martian day 4
Martian Day 4

Mars Expedition

Orbiting Vessels

  • Finish hydrogen and DHe3 refueling

  • Flight Preparations

  • Exploration

  • Further Sampling

Martian day 5
Martian Day 5

Mars Expedition

Orbiting Vessels

  • Finish Flight Preparations

  • Disconnect from MMS1

  • Return Trip

  • Extraction of Astronauts

  • Rejoin with Spaceship Ram



Living quarters modeled after the Mir living module

Standard life support

Exercise equipment

Solar panels

Experimental equipment

Docking Port

Food, Water

Waste Facility

Sub structure

  • Fusion device

  • 6” Titanium tubes

  • Capacitor bank

  • Hydrogen tank

  • Pellet factory

  • Laser

  • Pusher Plate



Radiation large concern

Duration of human space mission is 90 days

Secondary radiation

Galactic cosmic radiation

Solar energetic particles

Interact with space structures

Generally ignored in space architecture

Neutrons emitted from fusion reaction

Use Deuterium-Helium3

Prolonged exposure includes radiogenic cancers

  • Boron nitride nanotubes

  • Low atomic number atoms

  • Can be processed and hydrogenated

Fuel source
Fuel Source

²D + ³He → 4-He (3.6 MeV) + p+ (14.7 MeV)

18.3 MeV Total

Fuel source1
Fuel Source

  • 1263.55 kg ²D fuel

  • 1895.33 kg ³He

  • Total fuel mass: 3158.88 kg

Fast ignition1
Fast Ignition

Magnetic Confinement Fusion

Magnetic confinement is impractical

Torus (Tokamak) - “Their great size and mass render them unappealing for space propulsion, where lightweight is paramount."

Primary Problem – Difficult to sustain the fusion reaction while ‘leaking’ out plasma

Mirror - “The dearth of experimental data on their operation and indeed their engineering feasibility render serious engineering assessment difficult"



Fast ignition2
Fast Ignition

Inertial Confinement Fusion

Avoids magnetic confinement’s main problem

Existing plasma not required

Constant flow of fuel pellets makes new reactions

Complex magnetic fields not needed

Simple Pusher Plate

Directs charged ions backwards

Fast ignition3
Fast Ignition


Tradition ICF’s still have problems

National Ignition Facility reactor contains 192 lasers delivering a total of 500 terawatts of power

Fast Ignition

Concentrates laser energy on single point

Reduces amount of lasers, energy required, and design complexity

Fuel and energy
Fuel and Energy

  • Chosen type of fuel D- He3

  • 20ps pulses

  • 100kj energy requirement per pulse

  • Combined fuel and energy calculations to find totals

Mission totals
Mission Totals

  • Burn time of 6 hours to reduce G load

  • Laser firing every 20ps

  • 5.00 x 10^15 watts

  • 1.08 x 10^20 Joules

  • Power of NIF is 1.25x10^15 watts

Energy source
Energy Source

  • Method of storing energy

  • Problems with conventional energy storage

    • Mass

    • Size

    • Loss of voltage

    • Inefficient

  • Need for plausible source of power for trip


  • High capacity energy storage device

  • Energy density 10-20 times greater than conventional

  • Thin layers create huge surface areas to store energy on.

  • Create a “black box” to store the initial power required

Catherine coleman
Catherine Coleman

  • Catherine Coleman is a current NASA astronaut

  • She was a crew member of the expedition 27 to ISS.

  • While on expedition 27, she spent 159 days in space aboard the international space station.

Sergei avdeyev
Sergei Avdeyev

  • Sergei Avdeyev is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut.

  • He at one point held record for cumulative time spent in space, with 747.59 days in Earth orbit accumulated through three tours of duty aboard the Mir space station.

  • The longest time he spent in space was during the Soyuz TM-28 & Soyuz TM-29, in which he stayed 379 days aboard the Mir space station.

Gennady padalka
Gennady Padalka

  • Gennady Padalka is a Russian Air Force Officer and an RSA cosmonaut.

  • Gennady, served as the commander of Mir Expedition 26 launched on August 13, 1998.

  • He accumulated 198 days and 16 hours of space travel during the Soyuz TM- 28 mission.


  • http://www.nasa.gov/directorates/spacetech/niac/thibeault_radiation_shielding.html

  • www.top10list.org

  • http://newsicare.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/torus-fusion.jpg

  • http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/imagenes_ciencia/cienci155.jpg

  • https://lasers.llnl.gov/science_technology/fusion_science/fast_ignition.php

  • www.dailytech.com

  • http://iter.rma.ac.be/en/img/InertialFusion.jpg