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  1. & Current Fads Teen Trends (not all are new) Updated 4/7/14

  2. D.A.R.E. Officer Adam Gongwer • 12 years with Ontario Police (Ohio) • 7 years as SRO • HNT Member (2006) • DARE Class #61 (2009) • 2nd V.P. 2014-2016 • Ohio SRO Assoc. (OSROA.org) • Previous Experience: JV Corrections Officer Youth Minister • Family: 4 Kids (7, 15, 15, 18) Married 23 years 2014

  3. Brain teaser • What can you add to a box to make it lighter?

  4. Today’s Goals: • Expand your thinking • What are you seeing/hearing? • Get Teachers to be an extra set of eyes • Do you have kids/nieces/nephews….

  5. Research Chemicals

  6. Research Chemicals • The U.S. currently has no legislation which explicitly identifies individual research chemicals as scheduled • However the term ‘Research Chemical’ was specifically applied in an attempt to avoid prosecution under the Federal Analog Act…

  7. Research Chemicals • Since a majority of research chemicals bear some functional and structural similarity to a scheduled chemical, they could theoretically be considered to be scheduled provided that intent for human consumption can be demonstrated. Precedent has already been set that vendors of research chemicals may be contravening this lawwww.drugs-forum.com/forum/showwiki.php?title=Category:Research_Chemicals

  8. Synthetic Drugs • Welcome to Kimschemicals.com! • We produce first grade chemicals to serve your every need. This ranges from personal use to industrial use • Send us a text message with your order…

  9. Synthetic Drugs www.drugs-forum.com/forum/showwiki.php?title=Category:Research_Chemicals

  10. Synthetic Drugs(Research Chemicals)

  11. Synthetic Drugs • The past 2 years have been characterized by increasing diversity of products, as manufacturers of new psychoactive substances adapt products almost endlessly • "The variety, the changing physical forms & the constant modifications in labeling make it difficult for law enforcement … to identify new psychoactive substances." www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2012/November/tracking-designer-drugs-legal-highs-and-bath-salts.html

  12. 25-I (Toledo, OH) • University of Toledo • Dec 19th, 2012 • 9:00pm • Winter Break • Josiah Galat, 20, of Mansfield • Classmate Erik Littleton, 19, of Detroit • Alexander Vogel, 18, of Toledo www.toledoblade.com

  13. 25-I (Toledo, OH) “Galat & Littleton had reason to be there. They were staying there, they had IDs, and had checked in, and had a dispute,” said Larry Burns, VP for external affairs The two men, who elected to stay on campus during winter break, had been roommates at the residence hall since Saturday Littleton signed in Vogel in the AM

  14. 25-I (Toledo, OH) • At 9:02 p.m., a 911 call was made by a person who had no part in the incident and reported a “person down,” reports indicate • Police arrived at the hall at 9:06 p.m., and found Littleton four minutes later in a “bloody state” outside the building, Chief Newton said

  15. 25-I (Toledo, OH) • Fight broke out in a second-floor stairwell  • Galat was stabbed on the left & right sides of his neck, died outside dorm • Galat had defense wounds on his body • Galat’s roommate, Littleton, suffered several stab wounds, unable to speak  • The only knife used in the stabbing listed as a “hunting knife” 

  16. 25-I (Toledo, OH) • Vogel was found naked and agitated in the hallway. He was taken to a hospital, then arrested on a disorderly conduct charge • Summons said he was "screaming and yelling things" about being in pain and causing himself physical harm • He was not responsive to officers' questions about what was wrong or whether he could put clothes on

  17. 25-I (Toledo, OH) • toxicology report showed Galat had 25i, similar to LSD, in his system • Unknown if Vogel or Littleton were under the influence of 25i during the incident • no other reports of 25i use on campus, & appears to be fairly new • Not yet regulated, 25i linked in other states to a handful of overdose deaths • Littleton has not been charged

  18. 25-I (Houston, TX) • It started with hallucinations and quickly turned violent. Kevin Schoolmeyer was driving home from a party in June when the 21-year-old started to hit his friend sitting in the passenger seat. • Suddenly, his limbs began to flail around, he punched the console and started ripping accessories from the vehicle's interior, shortly after that, he died.

  19. 25-I (Houston, TX) • Schoolmeyer's was the first case. The following month a 15-year-old Houston girl also returning home from a party with a friend said she felt sick before her arms and legs began thrashing around. • About 30 minutes later, she was dead.

  20. 25-I (Houston, TX) • Authorities believe what killed these two young people is the newest designer drug hitting Houston's streets: 25i. • The blandly named drug is a synthetic chemical substance that acts as psychedelic hallucinogenic, similar to LSD and ecstasy www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/Dangerous-designer-drug-hits-the-streets-3886068.php

  21. 25-I (New Orleans, LA) • after a night drinking vodka-Red Bulls at a 2012 Voodoo Festival in City Park • A stranger, wanting to repay 21-year-old Clayton Otwell for helping find his cell phone, offered Otwell a free dose of 25-i, a new synthetic hallucinogenic drug • The stranger plopped a single drop from a vial into Otwell's nose

  22. 25-I (New Orleans, LA) • Otwell immediately started babbling incoherently • within 30 minutes, he had a seizure and never regained consciousness • Taken to Tulane University Hospital, he was placed on life support Saturday night; he died Tuesday www.nola.com/crime/index.ssf/2012/11/21-year-old_dies_after_one_dro.html

  23. 2C-i (Smiles) • 2C family of drugs, a group of closely related molecules, psychedelic effects. • discovered by chemist and synthetic-drug guru Alexander Shulgin, who published the formulas of psychoactive drugs in his book "PiHKAL: A Chemical Love Story." • As of July 2012, the DEA classifies 2C-I as a Schedule I controlled substancewww.foxnews.com/health/2012/09/24/latest-designer-drug-called-miles-linked-to-teen-deaths

  24. 2C-i (Smiles) • Usually sold in powder form • can also be taken as a tablet • Users often mix the powder form with a stabilizing substance, such as chocolate or candy, before ingesting • effects include auditory and visual hallucinations, along with feelings of giddiness,relaxation and empathy.

  25. 2C-i (Smiles) • a short-acting synthetic psychedelic. It gained some popularity in Europe and the U.S. between 2001 and 2005. • Apr 24, 2013 - confusion exists between 2C-I and 2C-I-NBOMe (also called 25I-NBOMe) which are different drugs. 25I-NBOMe is a newer, and more potent chemical which has led to several deaths when snorted. www.erowid.org/chemicals/2ci/

  26. 2C-i (Smiles) • increase heart rate • can cause the heart to beat out of rhythm • can be fatal.  • nausea and vomiting • some users experience "bad trips," which can include terrifying hallucinations and feelings of fear and panic

  27. 2C-i (Smiles) • Witnesses described the 17-year-old boy as "shaking, growling, foaming at the mouth." Soon after, he "started to smash his head against the ground" and began acting "possessed," according to a witness. Two hours later, he had stopped breathing shine.yahoo.com/healthy-living/2c-smiles-killer-drug-every-parent-know-234200299.html

  28. Bath Salts

  29. Bath Salts • Bath salts are put in humidifiers at parties.  Some teens might not even realize what they are inhaling (Columbus, Ohio)

  30. Bath Salts & Teens • 0.8% (8th graders) • 0.6% (10th graders) • 1.3% (12th graders) Out of 40,000-50,000 surveys nationwide www.monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/12drugpr_complete.pdf

  31. Synthetics Marketing • Russian web site selling bath salts: • removes scratches from an • iPod • cell phone • iPad

  32. Synthetic Marijuana & Teens

  33. Synthetic Marijuana & Teens • 4.4% (8th graders) • 8.8% (10th graders) • 11.3% (12th graders) Out of 40,000-50,000 surveys nationwide www.monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/12drugpr_complete.pdf

  34. 2010 2011 2012 Officer George “Pat”Willis Lake County Narcotics Agency - Retired

  35. Death Grip (Synthetic) • Kids are having seizures smoking this brand

  36. Marijuana & Teens • After four straight years of increasing use among teens, annual marijuana use showed no further increase in any of the three grades surveyed in 2012 • 11% (8th graders) • 28% (10th graders) • 36% (12th graders) www.monitoringthefuture.org/pressreleases/12drugpr_complete.pdf

  37. Inhaling THC • Heating Bulb • Glass table • Bowl of marijuana • Glass straw to breathe in THC • Immediate high • No residual “smoking” odor

  38. Heating, not burning • heating cannabis to 180°C and 200°C, • vaporize the cannabinoids that reside on the trichomes while simultaneously avoiding combustion (230°C +) • releases substantially more amounts of THC (produces no measurable amounts of benzene, toluene, & naphthalene when smoked) • Reductions in carbon monoxide and tar therealweedheads.blogspot.com/2011/06/what-is-vaporization.html

  39. Dabs (Marijuana) • form of marijuana • concentrated to look like honey or wax • slang terms such as Butane Honey Oil, BHO, Wax, Budder, Amber or Ear Wax • OFC. Jermaine Galloway • Jermaine@tallcopsaysstop.com

  40. Dabs (THC Extraction) • butane and tubing filled with marijuana buds to extract the THC oils • THC oil drips into a non-stick dish, then the individual burns off the remainder of the butane using heat. The finished product has a honey or waxy appearance • Or, using isopropyl alcohol (or ISO)

  41. Dabs (THC oil) • THC level in Dab oil: 70-90% THC • uses a more specific bong or pipe • adapters available for a standard bong to make it usable for Dabs • devices similar to e-cigarettes that are specific to Dabs and oils

  42. Candy Weed (THC oil) • Pot ground into fine powder • Heat in vegetable oil (hour), pass through cheesecloth to remove solids • Mixed with sugar, water, corn syrup • Smoked or eaten • St. Louis County Crime Lab

  43. Kratom • The drug is made from the leaves of trees that grow in Southeast Asia • pill or powder (stir into a beverage) • small doses, it acts as a stimulant • higher doses, it becomes a sedative • showing up in ER: symptoms similar to heroin withdrawal • wkyc.com/story/news/investigations/2014/02/26/kratom/5844621/

  44. Rx Problem

  45. Rx Problem • Easier to obtain • Cheaper • “Think” less risk for O.D. • In 2010, nearly 60 percent of the drug overdose deaths (22,134) involved pharmaceutical drugs. Opioid analgesics (oxycodone, hydrocodone, and methadone), were involved in about 3 of every 4 pharmaceutical OD’s, confirming the predominant role opioid analgesics play in drug overdose deaths. (CDC.gov)

  46. Rx Abuse • In 2012, the Monitoring the Future study reported that 14.8% of high school seniors used a Rx not prescribed for them or for nonmedical reasons in the past year. • after marijuana, Rx and over-the-counter medications account for most of the top drugs abused by 12th graders in the past year (Adderall and Vicodin most popular) teens.drugabuse.gov/our-projects/peerx

  47. Skittling (Skittle Party) • one person will get a hand full of pills • (aka Pharm, salad, Trail Mixing) • mixed colors looks like Skittles • Usually about 10 - 15 pills • death (overdose) • breathing problems • allergic reactions

  48. Parachuting • Crush foul-tasting pill, or other substance • Wrap it up in a tissue and swallow it • Tissue eventually dissolves

  49. Undercover • “Peggy”, Cleveland, TX (2 years) • “I would see more kids in the hallways, right in front of teachers, on the water fountain, just popping pills. And it just seemed like no else was paying attention,” she said. “To me, it was very obvious. You could see it on these kids, their eyes were red, it was crazy to me.” • www.khou.com/news/Undercover-officer-says-drugs-are-prevalent-in-schools-170456136.html