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Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs. e →ie o→ue u→ue. Tener Querer Pensar Empezar Comenzar Perder. To have To want To think To begin (start) To begin (start) To lose. Los verbos que cambian e →ie. How do these verbs work?. Stem-changing verbs give their stems the boot!. Querer. Querer.

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spanish stem changing verbs

Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs

e→ie

o→ue

u→ue

los verbos que cambian e ie
Tener

Querer

Pensar

Empezar

Comenzar

Perder

To have

To want

To think

To begin (start)

To begin (start)

To lose

Los verbos que cambian e→ie
querer6
Querer
  • First, let’s just add all the correct endings.
verb endings8
If a verb ends in –er, you add:

o

es

e

emos

en

if a verb ends in –ir, you add:

o

es

e

imos

en

Verb endings
slide9
So, since “querer” ends en “er” (querer), which endings will we add?
  • The “er” endings:
  • o
  • es
  • e
  • emos
  • en
querer10
Querer

o

emos

es

e

en

now let s add our stem change
Now, let’s add our stem change.
  • Remember, only the e in the stem can change.
  • querer
  • perder
  • If there are two e’s in the stem, the second one always changes.
  • preferir
  • empezar
slide12
Now let’s change the stems.
  • Remember, e can change to ie only within the boot. This means the nosotros form never changes!
querer13
Querer

emos

o

es

e

en

the u ue and o ue verbs work the same way
Poder

Jugar

Dormir

Soñar

Volver

Devolver

to be able to (can)

to play

to sleep

to dream

to return (to a place)

to return (a thing)

The u→ue and o→ue verbs work the same way.
poder
Poder

ue

o

emos

ue

es

ue

ue

e

en