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Ch 7 Sec I. The American Revolution. A. No clear pools, only estimates are available 1. 20-30% of colonists were loyalists 2. 40-45% of colonists were patriots 3. Rest were neutral. The American Revolution. B. June 1775 Washington becomes the General of the Continental Army

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ch 7 sec i the american revolution

Ch 7 SecI. The American Revolution

A. No clear pools, only estimates are available

1. 20-30% of colonists were loyalists

2. 40-45% of colonists were patriots

3. Rest were neutral

the american revolution
The American Revolution

B. June 1775 Washington becomes the General of the Continental Army

1. He couldn’t get men to join

2. Few supplies

3. Females did help

the american revolution1
The American Revolution

a. Martha Washington followed her

husband

b. Women cooked, cleaned, did laundry, nursed

the injured, some even fought.

c. Molly Pitcher served water on the battlefield

the american revolution2
The American Revolution

4. British were well organized

5. Americans needed to win

the american revolution3
The American Revolution

C. The British Plan

1. Control coastal cities

a. British Navy could dock in ports

b. Deliver British supplies

c. Hired Hessian soldiers (professional

German soldiers)

the american revolution4
The American Revolution

D. First several months: battles were in NY

1. Washington retreated through NJ

2. Then, went into PA….. Not looking good.

the american revolution5
The American Revolution

E. Thomas Paine writes “The American Crisis” to

spur on soldiers

the american revolution6
The American Revolution

F. December 1776 Washington knew he had to win

1. He went to Trenton, NJ

2. Surprise attack on Hessians on x-mas night

3. Washington wins!!!

4. Washington won again a few days later at Princeton

5. Looking up for Americans!

new british strategy
. New British Strategy

1. Seize the Hudson

River Valley to divide

NE from the other states.

new british strategy1
New British Strategy

2. Need 3 armies to meet in Albany, NY

a) British General Burgoyne is to come in from Canada

b) British General St.Leger is to come in from Lake Ontario, but fled because he thought he’d be outnumbered

c) British General Howe is to come in from the Hudson River, NYC but never showed up. (he attacked Washington at Brandywine and won)

new british strategy fails
New British Strategy Fails

3. Saratoga

a. Burgoyne’s army is weak

and low on supplies.

b. They head to Albany

c. They stop near

Saratoga, NY

d. Several battles over

several days

e. Burgoyne finally

surrenders

saratoga

Saratoga

4. Important Battle

Benedict Arnold leaves the

US army & joins British

Turning point, Europeans now realize US might win

Europeans offer REAL help to US