Ch 7 Sec I. The American Revolution. A. No clear pools, only estimates are available 1. 20-30% of colonists were loyalists 2. 40-45% of colonists were patriots 3. Rest were neutral. The American Revolution. B. June 1775 Washington becomes the General of the Continental Army
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A. No clear pools, only estimates are available
1. 20-30% of colonists were loyalists
2. 40-45% of colonists were patriots
3. Rest were neutral
B. June 1775 Washington becomes the General of the Continental Army
1. He couldn’t get men to join
2. Few supplies
3. Females did help
a. Martha Washington followed her
b. Women cooked, cleaned, did laundry, nursed
the injured, some even fought.
c. Molly Pitcher served water on the battlefield
4. British were well organized
5. Americans needed to win
C. The British Plan
1. Control coastal cities
a. British Navy could dock in ports
b. Deliver British supplies
c. Hired Hessian soldiers (professional
D. First several months: battles were in NY
1. Washington retreated through NJ
2. Then, went into PA….. Not looking good.
E. Thomas Paine writes “The American Crisis” to
spur on soldiers
F. December 1776 Washington knew he had to win
1. He went to Trenton, NJ
2. Surprise attack on Hessians on x-mas night
3. Washington wins!!!
4. Washington won again a few days later at Princeton
5. Looking up for Americans!
1. Seize the Hudson
River Valley to divide
NE from the other states.
2. Need 3 armies to meet in Albany, NY
a) British General Burgoyne is to come in from Canada
b) British General St.Leger is to come in from Lake Ontario, but fled because he thought he’d be outnumbered
c) British General Howe is to come in from the Hudson River, NYC but never showed up. (he attacked Washington at Brandywine and won)
a. Burgoyne’s army is weak
and low on supplies.
b. They head to Albany
c. They stop near
d. Several battles over
e. Burgoyne finally
4. Important Battle
Benedict Arnold leaves the
US army & joins British
Turning point, Europeans now realize US might win
Europeans offer REAL help to US