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LOGIC MODEL: Moving Forward into the Accountability Era. Sharon Schnelle, Presenter. Sponsored through. Goals of Training. Participants will understand History and overview The basics of logic model planning & development Different logic model formats Available resources.

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logic model moving forward into the accountability era

LOGIC MODEL:Moving Forward into the Accountability Era

Sharon Schnelle, Presenter

Sponsored through

goals of training
Goals of Training

Participants will understand

  • History and overview
  • The basics of logic model planning & development
  • Different logic model formats
  • Available resources
logic model training agenda
Logic Model training AGENDA
  • Welcome & Introduction
  • Basic Housekeeping information
  • Logic Model Basics
  • Logic Model Development and Planning Skills
  • Practicing the Skills
logic model basics
  • Presents a “snapshot” of a program
    • Graphic representation of the program, “theory” or “action” – what it invests, what it does, and what results are achieved
    • Many different models available – no right way
    • Logical chain of if-then relationships
      • If x occurs then y will occur

A logic model is your program ROAD MAP

logic model basics1
  • Provides the core of planning and evaluation
    • Helps identify the connection between what we do and impact the program is having
    • Provides a common vocabulary and helps in program planning
    • Helps focus on quality and continuous improvement
demand for increased accountability
Demand for Increased Accountability
  • What gets measured gets done
  • If you don’t measure results, you can’t tell success from failure
  • If you can’t see success, you can’t reward it
  • If you can’t reward success, you’re probably rewarding failure
  • If you can’t see success, you can’t learn from it
  • If you can’t recognize failure, you can’t correct it.
  • If you can demonstrate results, you can win public support.

from Re-inventing Government byOsborne and Gaebler, 1992

logic model is here to stay
Logic Modelis here to stay
  • Logic model is in widespread use and will increase in influence in the future
    • Private Sector
    • Public Sector: GPRA
    • Non-Profit Sector
    • International Arena
    • Evaluators
logic model is used everyday
Logic Model is used everyday

Imagine the planning that goes into deciding the Family vacation - DESTINATION: A Camping Trip.

Family Members

Drive to state park

Family members learn about each other; family bonds; family has a good time


Set up camp


Cook, play, talk, laugh, hike

Camping Equipment

what does a logic model look like
What does a logic model look like?
  • Many formats possible. Use what works for your program, agency, group.
    • Graphic display of boxes and arrows, either vertical or horizontal that depicts relationships / linkages
    • Any shape possible
      • Circular, dynamic
      • Cultural adaptations; storyboards
      • Level of detail
        • Simple
        • Complex
    • Multiple models may be needed to describe and explain complex initiatives or systems.
sometimes connecting outputs to outcomes is a challenge
Sometimes connecting outputs to outcomes is a challenge

“I think you should be more explicit here in Step Two.”

logic model vocabulary
Logic Model Vocabulary
  • Goal = Impact
  • Objectives (participant focused) = Outcomes
  • Activities = Outputs
    • Outputs may signify “tangible” accomplishments as a result of activities
  • Impact = Long-term outcome
so why bother what s in this for you
So, why bother?What’s in this for you?

Some of the common comments . . .

  • “This seems like a lot of work.”
  • “Where in the world would I get all the information to put in a logic model?
  • “I’m a right brain type of person – this isn’t for me.”
  • “Even if we created one, what would we do with it?”
benefits of logic model
Benefits of Logic Model
  • Provides a common language
  • Helps us differentiate between “what we do” and “results” --- outcomes
  • Increases understanding about program
  • Guides and helps focus work
  • Leads to improved planning and management
  • Increases intentionality and purpose
  • Provides coherence across complex tasks, diverse environments
the benefits that keep on giving
The benefits that keep on giving
  • Enhances team work
  • Guides prioritization and allocation of resources
  • Motivates staff
  • Helps to identify important variables to measure; use evaluation resources wisely
  • Increases resources, opportunities, recognition
  • Supports replication
  • Often is required!
ready set begin
  • Determine the purpose of your logic model
    • Who will use it? For what?
  • Involve others
  • Set boundaries for logic model
  • Understand situation
  • Explore research, knowledge base, what others are doing/have done

Group Process

logic model and planning
Logic Model and Planning
  • Applies at any level: national plan, statewide plan, individual plan of work, specific project/activity plan
  • Model vs. more detailed program plan/management plan
  • Focus on outcomes: “start with end in mind”
  • It is a framework for describing the relationships between investments, activities and results.
  • It provides a common approach for integrating planning, implementation, evaluation and reporting.
check your logic model
Check your logic model
  • Is it meaningful?
  • Does it make sense?
  • Is it doable?
  • Can it be verified?

Source: University of Wisconsin - Extension

writing good outcomes
Writing good outcomes

SMART objectives:






beginning with the end in mind
Beginning with the end in mind . . .


Needs/asset assessment:

What are the characteristics, needs, priorities of target population?

What are potential barriers/facilitators?

What is most appropriate?

Process evaluation:

How is program implemented? Fidelity of implementation?

Are activities delivered as intended?

Are participants being reached as intended?

What are participant reactions?

Outcome evaluation:

To what extent are desired changes occurring? For whom?

Is the program making a difference?

What seems to work? Not work?

What are unintended outcomes?



What do you (and others) want to know about this program?

Parents increase knowledge of child develop

Parents identify appropriate actions to take

Develop parent ed curriculum





Improved child-parent relations

Deliver series of interactive sessions

Parents better understand their own parenting style


Parents use effective parenting practices


Strong families

Parents gain skills in effective parenting practices

Facilitate support groups


Who/how many attended/did not attend? Did they attend all sessions?

Supports groups? Were they satisfied – will they come again?

To what extent did knowledge and skills increase? For whom? Why? What else happened?

To what extent are relations improved? Does this result in stronger families?

What amount of $ and time were invested?

How many sessions were actually delivered? How effectively?

# and quality of support groups?

To what extent did behaviors

change? For whom? Why? What else happened?

logic model
Logic Model
  • Logic Model Exercise 1
    • Mystery Community Clinic Senior Care Program
  • Logic Model Exercise 2
    • Group proposed program
  • Logic Model Exercise 3
    • Your agency problem and program
sample logic model
Sample Logic Model

Program Evaluation Logic Model:

Mysteries Community Clinic Senior Care Program

logic model limitations
Logic Model Limitations
  • Represents reality, but is not reality
  • Focuses on expected outcomes
  • Challenge of causal attribution
    • Many factors influence process and outcomes
  • Doesn’t address whether we are doing the right thing

Sharon Schnelle, Social Science Researcher