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Key Concepts of Media Studies. Media forms and conventions. Form. Form can be explained in relation to the shape or skeleton of a text and in this way is often linked to the narrative Stories have forms

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key concepts of media studies

Key Concepts of Media Studies

Media forms and conventions

  • Form can be explained in relation to the shape or skeleton of a text and in this way is often linked to the narrative
  • Stories have forms
  • Forms of soap operas: continuous, multi-stranded storylines, individual episodes frequently ending with a cliffhanger
  • Micro elements of text: mise-en-scene, editing, cinematography and sound
  • What are the forms of:

Action films?

Horror films?

Chick flicks?

What usually happens in the story structure??

  • Distinctive look of the media text
  • Ex: individual style of a particular director
  • Distinctive use of mise-en-scene, lighting, music, camera angles, movement, framing, editing.
  • Tim Burton style (charlie and the chocolate factory, corpse bride, etc)
  • A category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content
  • In media terminology it can be judged by the codes, conventions, mise-en-scene and the style of the media content
  • Texts from different mediums may belong to the same genre (e.g. a TV programme like Dr Who and a comic book like The Incredible Hulk can both be categorized as Science Fiction.)

Genre does not rely simply on what's in a media text but also on the way it is put together (constructed). This can be important, for example, when distinguishing between a horror movie and a thriller, which can deal with similar subject matter, and look the same — lots of action set at night — but belong to separate genres (a horror film takes the audience into a supernatural place, where a thriller sticks to reality).

  • The characteristic ‘ingredients’ of a particular genre and the elements which make it recognizable can be defined as ‘conventions’.
  • The provide a common link to a group of films/drama/etc.
  • Ex:

soap operas will contain rolling storylines, recognizable characters and consistent settings. They tackle social issues and have series of episodes.

Horror: females confronting the evil

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