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Computer Programming Review 1.01 The Evolution of Computers. Questions. 1. Which would be classified as a mobile computing device? Mainframe Minicomputer Tablet PC Desktop Computer 2. Which is not an input device? Scanner Digital Camera Microphone Printer. Questions.

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questions
Questions

1. Which would be classified as a mobile computing device?

Mainframe

Minicomputer

Tablet PC

Desktop Computer

2. Which is not an input device?

Scanner

Digital Camera

Microphone

Printer

questions1
Questions

3. Which is the physical aspect of the computer?

Hardware

Software

Operating System

Applications Software

4. Which processes data and controls the flow of data between the computer’s other units?

CPU

USB

ROM

SRAM

questions2
Questions

5. SRAM (Static RAM) is also referred to as

ROM

Integrated Circuits

Cache

Clock Rate

6. The number system used in computers is called

Decimal

Hexadecimal

Binary

Base

questions3
Questions

7. How many states do the electrical circuits on an IC (integrated circuit) have?

One: on

Two: on, off

Four: +-*/

Three: on, off, wait

8. A bit is

A single 0 or 1 in the binary code

Eight 0s or 1s

A Person’s name stored in memory

Equal to 64K of RAM

questions4
Questions

9. 00000000 01001101 represents the letter M in

Decimal

Hexadecimal

Kilobytes

Binary

10. Computer memory capacity and file size are measured in

Bytes

Inches

Nanoseconds

Codes

questions5
Questions

11. The __________ is high speed memory that stores frequently accessed instructions.

Cache

Processing Unit

Memory Controller

Random Access Memory

12. _________ holds data for all applications that are currently running on your computer, but only while the power is on.

RAM

ROM

CACHE

MEMORY PROCESSOR

questions6
Questions

13. Speeds are measured in _______ or throughput rate.

MHz

GHz

THz

KHz

14. How many KB in 1 MB?

1024KB

924KB

1000KB

1KB

questions7
Questions

15. What type of memory does a flash drive use?

Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

Electrically Programmable Read-Only Memory

Electrically Erasable Programmable Random Access Memory

Cache

slide10

16. Which of the first generation computers was a secret Military project during WWII used to calculate trajectory of artillery shells?

ENIAC

Atanasoff-Berry Computer

Mark I

The Analytical Machine

questions8
Questions

17. Who is called the first programmer due to writing a program based on the design of the Analytical Machine?

Ada Byron

Charles Babbage

Herman Hollerith

Alan Turing

18. What computer was sold to US Census Bureau in 1951?

UNIVAC

ENIAC

Mark 1

EDVAC

questions9
Questions

19.What sparked the second generation computers?

The invention of the transistor

The invention of the Integrated Circuit

The invention of machine language

The invention of the first computer language

20. What sparked the beginning of third generation computers?

The invention of the Integrated Circuit

The invention of the transistor

The invention of the first programming language

The invention of stored memory

questions10
Questions

21. What made it possible to build the microcomputer (PC)?

The Microprocessor

The Integrated Circuit

The transistor

The Development of stored memory

22. What is the purpose of the ALU?

It performs logic and arithmetic operations and makes comparisons.

It process data and controls the flow of data

It determines the speed at which a CPU can execute instructions

It is used to store data for quick retrieval

questions11
Questions

23. All of the following are second generation programming languages except:

C++

COBOL

Fortran

Basic

24. What type of code is directly understood by the CPU

Machine Code

Abstract Code

Assembly Language

C

slide15

25. The following is an example of what?

8B542408 83FA0077 06B80000

MachineCode

Assembly Language

Binary Code

Compiler Code

questions12
Questions

26. What is the most closely related language to the CLI (Common Language Infrastructure) the backbone of the .NET Framework, and the first one developed specifically for it?

C#

C++

Visual Basic

C

questions13
Questions

27. All of the following are high-level programming languages

Basic

C#

Visual Basic

Java

28. All of the following were developed in the 1990’s except

C

Python

Java

PHP

questions14
Questions

29. Which category of programming languages has the most abstraction from the hardware?

High Level

Low Level

Machine Language

Assembly Language

30. Who wrote the first computer program?

Ada Byron

Charles Babbage

Herman Hollerith

Stephen Jobs