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Helmut M. Artus. Databases, Database Analysis, and Database Research Exploration of a Research Field GESIS – IZ Bonn (Germany). Figure 1: The elements of database research. 1 Methodology for database con- struction and management. 2 Database users and usage research. Database.

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helmut m artus

Helmut M. Artus

Databases, Database Analysis, and Database Research

Exploration of a Research Field

GESIS – IZ Bonn (Germany)

figure 1 the elements of database research
Figure 1: The elements of database research

1 Methodologyfor database con-struction and management

2Database users and usage research


4History & Sociology of the database

3Database analysis

5Methodology fordatabase analysis

… that is stored in a computer system.”(Wikipedia)

… usually produced by a lot of different peopleinteracting under different conditions of work which in many cases are far from being ideal...” (Helmut M. Artus)

Struturalist ViewSociological View“A computer database is a structured collection of records or data…
structuralist sociological perspective

unambiguousness by formal structures

formal norms of action

c c

expectation of rule conformity

ideal work situation


socio-historical genesis & development

real ambiguity despite any formalisation

real social action, including conflicts etc.

conformity & deviance

c c

real work situation with time pressure, competing priorities etc.


StructuralistSociological Perspective-----------------------------------------------------------
sociology of the database
Sociology of the Database
  • Social action
  • Social structure of institution
  • Communication & cooperation
  • Social norms & control; deviance & sanctions; conflicts
  • Work situation

... and so on... and so on...

types of rules

“In case the red light flashes up, push button A!”


“Describe the most important topics of any publication!”

Types of Rules