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Obj. 3.02 Apparel Construction Tools & Equipment. Small Sewing Equipment. Measuring Equipment. Tape Measure Sewing or Seam Gauge Yard Stick Transparent Ruler Hem Gauge Skirt Marker. Tape Measure. Purpose: Taking Body Measurements Measure Fabric Measure Pattern Pieces.

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small sewing equipment

Obj. 3.02

Apparel Construction Tools & Equipment

Small Sewing Equipment

measuring equipment
Measuring Equipment
  • Tape Measure
  • Sewing or Seam Gauge
  • Yard Stick
  • Transparent Ruler
  • Hem Gauge
  • Skirt Marker
tape measure
Tape Measure
  • Purpose:
  • Taking Body Measurements
  • Measure Fabric
  • Measure Pattern Pieces
sewing seam guage
Sewing/Seam Guage


Measuring seam allowances & hems

yard stick
Yard Stick


Measuring skirt hems &

tasks requiring long, rigid measure

transparent ruler
Transparent Ruler
  • Purpose:
  • Measuring & marking-
  • Buttonholes
  • Pleats
  • Tucks
  • Bias strips
hem guage
Hem Guage


Marks straight & curved hems

skirt marker
Skirt Marker


Measure & mark hemlines with either pins or chalk

pinning equipment
Pinning Equipment
  • Silk Pins
  • Ballpoint Pins
  • Ball-headed Pins
  • T-Pins
  • Pincushion (w/emery)
silk pins
Silk Pins
  • Made of stainless steel or brass
  • Used with most fabrics
ballpoint pins
Ballpoint Pins

Silk pin with a rounded point to enable pin to slip easily between strands of yarn, to prevent snags.

ball head pins
Ball-head Pins
  • Pins with colorful glass or plastic heads
  • Easy to pick up
t pin
  • Large T – shaped head
  • Work well on:
    • Loosely woven fabrics
    • Bulky fabrics
    • Pile fabrics
pincushion with emery
Pincushion (with emery)

Pincushions provide a safe way to store pins for convenience. They come in many colors & shapes.

To sharpen a dull pin, stick the pin in & out of the emery.


cutting equipment
Cutting Equipment
  • Dressmaker Shears
  • Sewing Scissors
  • Pinking Shears
  • Embroidery Scissors
  • Seam Ripper
  • Thread Clipper
  • Rotary Cutter
shears scissors
Shears & Scissors
  • Dressmaker Shears
  • Bent handle allows fabric to

lie flat while cutting.

  • Usually 7 t0 8 inches
  • Pinking Shears
  • Zigzag edge:
    • Finishes raw edge of seam
    • Helps prevent raveling
    • Not for cutting out

pattern pieces.

  • Sewing Scissors
  • Small round handles
  • Blade usually 4 to 6 inches
  • Good for detail work:
    • Clipping curves
    • Corners
  • Embroidery Scissors
    • 3 to 4 inches in length
    • Very pointed tip
  • Used for cutting:
    • Buttonholes
    • Trimming embroidery


seam ripper
Seam Ripper


Removes stitches with small blade. Blade lifts the tread away from the fabric before cutting.

thread clipper
Thread Clipper
  • Spring-action blades
  • Purpose:
  • Clipping thread ends
rotary cutter
Rotary Cutter
  • Round retractable blade resembling a pizza cutter.
  • Makes straight clean cuts through multiple layers of fabric.
  • Must be used with a special “self-healing” cutting mat.
marking equipment
Marking Equipment
  • Fabric Marking Pen
  • Tracing Wheel
  • Tailor’s Chalk
  • Thread
fabric marking pen
Fabric Marking Pen
  • Purpose:
  • Marks
    • Notches
    • Darts
    • Circles
    • Squares
  • Disappears with water or evaporates after 48 hours.
tracing wheel
Tracing Wheel
  • Marks pattern symbols onto fabric.
  • Use a smooth edged wheel for delicate fabrics.
  • Use a saw-toothed wheel for most other fabrics.
  • Special waxed carbon paper for tracing is available in many colors.
tailor s chalk
Tailor’s Chalk
  • Purpose:
  • Mark pattern symbols onto fabric.
  • Small square or pencils will mark most fabrics.
  • Markings can be brushed away or will disappear when pressed with an iron.


Mark pattern symbols.

Make simple hand-sewn stitches to mark construction lines on fabric.

sewing equipment
Sewing Equipment
  • Hand Sewing Needles
  • Thimble
  • Needle Threader
  • Bodkin
  • Pointer
  • Loop Turner
hand sewing needles
Hand Sewing Needles
  • Needles vary in size from:
  • 1- for (Course fabrics)
  • 12- for (Fine fabrics)
  • Purpose:
  • Basting
  • Hemming
  • Applying fasteners
    • Buttons
    • Snaps/Hook & eyes

Metal or plastic tool to protect finger while hand sewing.

Available in different sizes.

Indentions in thimble help hold needle while pushing the needle through fabric.

needle threader
Needle Threader

Small tool with thin wire to aid in threading a needle.

  • Resembles a large, blunt needle
  • Purpose:
  • Pulls cord or elastic through casings



Wooden tool with a pointed end for pushing out sharp corners on collars.

Rounded edge is used for holding seam open while pressing.

loop turner
Loop Turner

A long metal rod with a hook.


Turns bias tubing and casings right side out.

pressing equipment
Pressing Equipment
  • Iron
  • Ironing Board
  • Press Cloth
  • Tailor’s Ham
  • Sleeve Board
  • Seam Roll
  • Point Presser
iron ironing board


Ironing Board

Iron & Ironing Board

Iron- Metal appliance used to press & steam

fabrics during and after construction.

Ironing Board- Level & sturdy surface with tight fitting cover

& smooth padding.

press cloth
Press Cloth

Lightweight cloth for pressing fabrics.

Prevents – iron shine or glossy marking & scorching on certain fabrics.

tailors ham
Tailors Ham

A firm round cushion used to press curved areas of a garment.



Curved Seams

sleeve board
Sleeve Board

Small ironing board around 20 inches long.


Press narrow areas such as sleeves.

seam roll
Seam Roll

Long firm tubular cushion used for pressing long seams and small curved areas.

point presser
Point Presser
  • A narrow wooden surface with a pointed end.
  • Purpose:
  • Pressing collar points
  • Curved & straight edges