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Sentences- A Review. What is a sentence?. A sentence must contain both a subject and a verb and express a complete thought. A subject is who or what is doing the action. The verb is the action. The verb is also called the predicate. Subjects & Predicates.

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what is a sentence
What is a sentence?
  • A sentence must contain both a subject and a verb and express a complete thought.
  • A subject is who or what is doing the action.
  • The verb is the action. The verb is also called the predicate.
subjects predicates
Subjects & Predicates
  • Subject- one subject doing the action

Ex. Susie called her friend on the phone.

  • Compound subject- more than one subject

Ex. Susie and Joan jumped rope at recess.

  • Predicate- one action

Ex. Josh swam laps in the pool.

  • Compound predicate- two or more actions

Ex. Josh rode his bike and skated this weekend.

simple subject complete subject
Simple Subject & Complete Subject
  • Simple subject- just the subject, no descriptors

Ex: The young students enjoyed the game.

  • Complete subject- the subject and descriptors

Ex. The young students enjoyed the game.

simple predicate complete predicate
Simple Predicate & Complete Predicate
  • Simple predicate- the verb or verb phrase

Ex. Many students cheered wildly.

Ex. Jane will finish the test after school.

  • Complete predicate- the action word plus descriptors

Ex. Many students cheered wildly.

Ex. Jane will finish the test after school.

types of sentences
Types of Sentences
  • Declarative- makes a statement, ends with a period
  • Imperative- a command, ends with a period
  • Interrogative- a question, ends with a question mark
  • Exclamatory- a statement with emotion, ends with an exclamation mark
labeling a sentence
Labeling a sentence
  • Subject- simple (SS) and complete (underline)
  • Predicate- simple (SP) and complete (double underline)
  • Adjectives (adj)
  • Adverbs (adv)
  • Prepositions & prepositional phrases (label with arrows)
  • Direct objects & indirect objects (DO, IO)
  • Essential & non-essential clauses (EC, NC)
the green shirt fell to the ground

The green shirt fell to the ground.

SS

SP

Adj

Prepositional phrase