Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism
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Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism. Robert Hassink Dept . of Geography, University of Kiel, Germany. Fragmented vs. engaged pluralism (Barnes & Sheppard 2010).

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Theoretical advancement in economic geography by engaged pluralism

Robert Hassink

Dept. of Geography,

University of Kiel,

Germany


Fragmented pluralism

vs.

engaged pluralism (Barnes & Sheppard 2010)


Evolutionary economic geography analyses and explains “the processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution and

consumption – is transformed from within over time” (Boschma & Martin 2010, 6).

“why it is that some regional economies become locked into development paths that lose dynamism, whilst other regional economies seem able to avoid this danger” (Martin & Sunley 2006, 395)


Aim: processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution and

advancing evolutionary economic geography by reviewing its core critique and proposed solutions, particularly that of geographical political economy.


  • Introduction processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution and

  • Evolutionaryeconomicgeography

  • Critique

  • Alternative paradigms

  • Empiricalreflection: locked in decline?

  • Conclusions


Source processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution and: Boschma & Frenken 2006


  • Evolutionary processes by which the economic landscape – the spatial organisation of economic production, circulation, exchange, distribution andconceptsandnotes:

  • Path dependenceand lock-ins,

  • Relatedandunrelatedvariety,

  • Co-evolution,

  • Sunkcosts,

  • Cluster lifecycles.


‘‘A path-dependent process or system is one whose outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & Sunley, 2006, 399)

Path dependence is not past dependence;

it is rather a contingent process

‘‘Lock-in is this notion that most fully captures the idea that the combination of historical contingency and the emergence of self-reinforcing effects, steers a technology, industry or regional economy along one ‘path’ rather than another’’ (Martin 2010, 3)


Source outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & : Boschma & Frenken 2006


Source outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & : Boschma & Frenken 2006


3. Critique outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Pike et al 2009, MacKinnon et al 2009:

limited importance attached to institutions

under-conceptualized notion of social agency and power

neglected multi-scalar interrelatedness and embeddedness of firms


Source outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & : Hassink & Klaerding 2012


4. Alternative paradigms outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Geographical political economy

Institutional economic geography

Relational economic geography


5. Empirical reflection: locked in decline? outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Hassink, R. (2010) Locked in decline? On the role of regional lock-ins in old industrial areas. The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, 450.

"When the wind of change blows, some build walls, others build windmills“

当风向改变时,有的人筑墙,有的人造风车

Chinese proverb


Monostructure outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & despite strong de-industrialisation after reunification

All yards are part of larger concern

Strong competition with East Asian shipyards

Strong state support (federal state, Land, EU) to modernise production capacities (3 billion €, 500,000 € per job) => capacity limitation


yards outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Yard cities

Local trade

unions

State of

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Shipbuilding

Association

Federal government

European Shipbuilding

Association

European Commission


  • Lobby: outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

  • Against capacity limitation

  • Against alleged dumping prices of Korean yards

    Results:

  • Capacity limitations have become less strict

  • WTO case and due to that allowance of subsidies (84 million €)


  • Westmünsterland outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

  • History

  • cross-border textile region since the 19th Century

  • impulses from Twente (the Netherlands)

  • early 1960s about 75% of manufacturing employment in the textile industry

  • crisisand de-industrialisation


  • Political reactions outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

  • Little protest against plant

  • closures => “quiet” restructuring due to the lack of lock-ins:

  • few subsidies

  • support for new industry

  • entrepreneur Schmitz


Company reactions outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Technical textiles:

Examples: car industry,

medical technology, fishery,

road and railroad construction,

agriculture


  • Daegu outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

  • History

  • genesis during colonial period

  • strong growth during 1960s/1970s (targeted industry)

  • natural fibres => synthetic fibres

  • crisisand de-industrialisation


Political reactions outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Milano-Project

1999-2003

Strongly subsidised: € 650 mill.

Kim Dae-Jung’s official pledge (공약)

& regionalism

Aim:


  • Fashion industry outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

  • Upgrading textile

  • Exhibitions

  • Problems:

  • Conflicts

  • Gap


6. Conclusions outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin &

Evolutionary economic geography has some clear and powerful theoretical notions

In order to overcome shortcomings in favour of engaged pluralism => incorporating institutional and relational economic geography => evolutionary economic geography as a pluralistic project

In favour of theoretical stability


  • kiitos outcome evolves as a consequence of the process’s or system’s own history’’ (Martin & !

  • tusen tack!


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