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Hypnosis and Meditation. Unit 3 Lesson 5. Objectives. Define hypnosis and identify common characteristics of a hypnotic trance. Explain who and how one can hypnotized. Identify applications for hypnotherapy. Describe meditation as a way to alter consciousness. Warm Up.

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Hypnosis and meditation

Hypnosis and Meditation

Unit 3

Lesson 5


Objectives
Objectives

  • Define hypnosis and identify common characteristics of a hypnotic trance.

  • Explain who and how one can hypnotized.

  • Identify applications for hypnotherapy.

  • Describe meditation as a way to alter consciousness


Warm up
Warm Up

  • Describe one of the sleep disorders discussed in the last lesson.


Hypnosis
Hypnosis

  • Altered state of consciousness in which people become deeply relaxed and highly suggestible to changes in experiences & behaviors.


History of hypnosis
History of Hypnosis

  • Franz Anton Mesmer, late 1700’s, cures problems through “mesmerism”.

  • James Braid, early 1800’s, coins term hypnosis (as deep sleep-like state).

  • Clark Hull, 1920s, establishes first experimental hypnosis lab.


Hypnotic ability
Hypnotic Ability

  • How susceptible a participant is to entering a hypnotic state.

    • Hypnotizability

  • Hypnosis Can You Be Hypnotized?

http://www.clipsforclass.com/consciousness


How is someone hypnotized
How is Someone Hypnotized?

  • Hypnotic Induction- methods used to induce hypnosis

    • Close eyes and concentrate on breathing

    • Fix attention on object/voice

    • Instant Induction

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aiQJi57Xbl4&feature=fvw

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MtQtL0nO0x8&feature=related


Hypnosis vs sleep

Ability to think critically?

Sleep: NO!

Hypnosis: NO!

Change in heart rate, respiration?

Sleep: YES!

Hypnosis: YES!

Change in brain wave activity?

Sleep: YES!

Hypnosis: NO!

Responsive to external stimuli?

Sleep: NO!

Hypnosis: YES! Very much!

Hypnosis vs. Sleep


Characteristics of hypnotic state
Characteristics of Hypnotic State

  • Suggestibility

    • Do, think, say things as told

  • Dissociation

    • Separate self from external reality

    • “Hypnotic Analgesia”

Subject told to conduct orchestra


Characteristics of hypnotic state1
Characteristics of Hypnotic State

  • Enhanced Memory or Hypermnesia

    • Recall remote events in great detail

    • Age regression

    • Pseudomemories: (false) recollections are problem


Characteristics of hypnotic state2
Characteristics of Hypnotic State

  • Quasi-Hallucination

    • Subject will act as though hypnotic delusion is real

    • “Imagined Perception”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbWuZL5wnNc


Characteristics of hypnotic state3
Characteristics of Hypnotic State

  • Posthypnotic Suggestion

    • Perform particular behavior to specific cues outside of hypnotic state

    • “Hypnotherapy”

    • Temporary fix fades w/time

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8ujg1zScqg


Characteristics of hypnotic state4
Characteristics of Hypnotic State

  • Posthypnotic Amnesia

    • Subject can’t recall events that took place under hypnosis


Applications for hypnosis
Applications for Hypnosis

  • Posthypnotic Suggestion – control undesired symptoms/behaviors

  • Pain Control – birth, chemotherapy, dental

  • Treatment Therapy – headaches, asthma, warts, acne, smoking, weight control, nailbiting


Hypnosis activity
Hypnosis Activity

  • No right or wrong way to be hypnotized

  • Not necessary to be in a trance

  • Need willingness to suspend critical thinking!

  • Close eyes and pretend you’re walking up to the front door of your home. Open the door and walk in. Walk through your home and count the doors, all the doors or doorways, one floor or all floors, whatever you choose. Do so now.


Meditation
Meditation

  • Altered state of consciousness in which one directs their attention to achieve inner peace and tranquility.


Transcendental meditation
Transcendental Meditation

  • Western version

    • Sit

    • Quiet

    • Close eyes

    • Mantra

  • Practice !

    “How to Meditate”

  • http://www.clipsforclass.com/consciousness


Meditation1

Physiological Effects

Slower breathing

Slower heart rate

Alpha wave EEG

Muscle relaxation

Lower blood pressure

Lower O2 consumption

Reduced insomnia

Psychological Effects

Less anxiety

Higher self-esteem

Mental clarity

Social openness

Better decision making and problem-solving

Meditation


Other forms of relaxation
Other Forms of Relaxation

  • Progressive Relaxation

    • Tense and relax major muscle groups until you’re able to relax any group at will

  • Biofeedback

    • Voluntarily learning to control internal processes like blood pressure, heart rate, or temperature.

    • Requires machines and stuff


Closure
Closure

  • Identify and describe one hypnotic phenomenon.


Homework
Homework

  • For (Wed) class, bring a pillow or blanket and wear comfy clothing.

  • We are going to practice relaxation & meditation techniques.