Grammar Review: Sentences (Structures) • simple • compound • complex • compound-complex
Sentences Structures: Simple • A simple sentence has a subject and verb and is an independent clause. • Examples: I watched T.V. last night. She was angry. Aaron ate ants.
Sentences Structures: Compound • A compound sentence is a sentence with two or more independent clauses. • These two independent clauses are joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction or by a semicolon. • Examples: 1. Last night I watched T.V., and I ate popcorn. 2. She was angry; she couldn’t contain her rage any longer. 3. Aaron ate ants, but he wouldn’t eat worms.
Simple or Compound? • 1. Frank loves cheese, and he also likes cats. • 2. I am so tired. • 3. We should live in San Diego. • 4. William had a great idea, but Alonzo disagrees.
Sentences Structures: Complex • A complex sentence is a sentence containing one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. • Remember, dependent clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions. • Examples: As I watched T.V., I ate popcorn. She grew more and more angry until she couldn’t contain her rage any longer. Aaron ate ants because he was hungry.
Sentences Structures: Compound-Complex • A compound-complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. • Examples: As I watched T.V., I ate popcorn, and I drank a Dr. Pepper. She normally kept her cool, but this time she grew more and more angry until she couldn’t contain her rage any longer.