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Chapter 17 To the west. By Nick Gribik. The Columbian Exchange. Transfer of: People, animals, plants and diseases from the old world to the new world Caused epidemics to the natives because they had no immunity built up for diseases like smallpox. The Columbian Exchange.

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chapter 17 to the west

Chapter 17To the west

By Nick Gribik

the columbian exchange
The Columbian Exchange
  • Transfer of:

People, animals, plants and diseases

from the old world to the new world

  • Caused epidemics to the natives because they had no immunity built up for diseases like smallpox
the columbian exchange1
The Columbian Exchange
  • Transfer of plants

Radically changed the natives diets

Americans also offered the Europeans their crops

  • Livestock

European livestock was destructive to fields

europe in america
Europe in America
  • Spain: green (Brazil became a viceroyalty of Spain)
  • British: red
  • French: blue
    • These were three of the main European nations in the Americas
spain
Spain
  • Conquistadors
    • The First Spanish in the Americas
    • They were sent to conquer all land for Spain
  • Council of the Indies
    • Institution responsible for supervising Spanish colonies from 1524 to early 1700’s
spain1
Spain
  • Taxes
    • Taxes were paid by silver and gold mines and sugar plantations in Brazil
  • Viceroys
    • Highest ranking officials in the new world
    • Each viceroyalty divided into judicial and administrative districts
spain2
Spain
  • Religion
    • The Christian church became the main place of worship
    • Christianity was a way to spread European culture to the natives of the new world
    • Clergy members would try to get natives to convert to Christianity
spain3
Spain
  • Economy
    • Silver mining took place mostly in Peru and Mexico
      • Generated more wealth than the gold that was found in Latin America
      • Potosi: single richest silver deposit found in the Americas
    • Sugar plantations based in Brazil
spain4
Spain
  • Economy
    • All of the wealth lead to urbanization
    • Mining lead to change in the natural environment
    • Encomienda
      • The forced labor of the natives
spain5
Spain
  • Basically slaves
    • Natives did most manual labor with little pay
      • Women and children forced to work in order to have enough money to survive
      • Some Amerindians moved permanently to Spanish mines
spain6
Spain
  • Society
    • Merchants, artisans, miners, priests, and lawyers made it to the Americas
    • Some beggars, criminals, and prostitutes also made it
    • Thousands of blacks participated in the conquest of the Americas
spain7
Spain
  • Mestizos
    • The term used by Spanish authorities to describe someone of mixed Amerindian and European descent
  • Mulattos
    • The term used by Spanish and Portuguese colonies to describe someone of mixed African and European descent
spain8
Spain

Spanish Colonists

british
British
  • Sir Humphrey Gilbert
    • First tried to start a colony in Newfoundland in 1583
    • The colony was abandoned within a year
british1
British
  • Roanoke
    • The next attempted colony
    • Located in Virginia
    • Colony “disappeared and still today no one is sure what happened there
british2
British
  • Jamestown
    • First successful British colony
    • Located in southern US
    • Lived off of plantations
      • Most plantations were tobacco based
    • Had to build a fort to ward off Indian attacks
british3
British
  • Indentured servants
    • At one point 80% of British immigrants were indentured servants
      • This means they had to work an average of 4-7 years to in order to travel to the new world
british4
British
  • New England
    • Pilgrims
      • Left because of religious persecution
      • Landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620
      • Government developed the governor
      • Squanto helped the struggling colonists survive
british5
British
  • New York
    • Originally owned by the Dutch and called Manhattan Island
    • Taken by the British and was renamed New York
  • Pennsylvania
    • Founded by William Penn
    • Became know for its Quakers
british6
British

The Mayflower that the first

Pilgrims arrived on

british7
British
  • Late 17th century
    • The Crown passed navigation acts that angered the colonists
    • Colonists responded by overthrowing officials in Manhattan
  • 18th century
    • Major increase in urbanization
france
France
  • First Colonies in the Americas
    • The French first settled in Canada
    • Later they settled in Louisiana
france1
France
  • Colonies
    • Colonies were developed in places more similar to Spain than Britain,
    • The colonies were also built more similar to the Spanish style
    • The patterns of their settlement also matched the Spanish
france2
France
  • Work
    • For the most part, France came to the Americas for missionary work
    • They took to many of the resources, and depleted deer and beaver populations
france3
France
  • Deer and Beaver
    • The Amerindians were very dependent on these two animals
    • Since the population was low, Amerindians were forced to buy European goods
    • Needless to say the Indians were mad, which caused ……
france4
France
  • The French and Indian War
    • The French were defeated by the British
    • Forced to give up Canada to England
    • Also forced to give up Louisiana to Spain
france5
France

This picture depicts the angry Indians

Fighting furiously against the French

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