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OUR FLIGHTS TOWARDS CO 2 REDUCTION. OUR FLIGHTS TOWARDS CO 2 REDUCTION. Aviation Management Conference 2007 Aviation Management Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Presentation by: Vincent Brouwer & Marcel Venema. RESEARCH INTRODUCTION. Emissions have been a controversial subject

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slide2

OUR FLIGHTS TOWARDS CO2 REDUCTION

Aviation Management Conference 2007

Aviation Management

Hogeschool van Amsterdam

Presentation by:

Vincent Brouwer & Marcel Venema

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide3

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION

  • Emissions have been a controversial subject
  • CO2 emission are directly related to fuel consumption (1 kg fuel = 3,15 kg CO2)
  • Reasons for fuel burn reduction:
    • Environmental Boundaries (ETS)
    • Scarcity of oil

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide4

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION - ETS

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide5

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION - OIL

  • Oil use – “A flame in the darkness”

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide6

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION

  • Aviation industry growth expectations:
    • Airbus: 4,9% passenger growth/year until 2025
    • Boeing: 4,5% passenger growth/year until 2026

Source: Eurocontrol

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide7

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION

  • More passengers, improved efficiency:
    • Technological improvements

Source: Airbus, Global Market Forecast 2006-2025

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide8

RESEARCH INTRODUCTION

  • How to achieve fuel reduction on short term?
  • Adjust current operational procedures!
  • Can it be more efficient?
  • Yes it can!

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide9

FLIGHT STAGES

Cruise

Descent

Climb

Taxi

Approach

Take-off

Landing

Taxi

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

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FLIGHT CONDITIONS

  • Weather conditions not taken into account
  • Standard flight operation

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

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VIRGINS’ VIEW

  • Towing aircraft to the runway
  • Reduce time engines running before take-off
  • According to Virgin: 120.000 tonnes
  • Downturns:
    • Only applicable on relative small fleets
    • Not applicable on every airport

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide12

PRE-FLIGHT

  • Side effects:
    • INCREASE OF OPERATIONAL COSTS
    • A GPU also burns fuel

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide13

TAXI

  • Side effects:
    • NOT APPLICABLE ON SHORT TAXI TIMES
    • INCREASE OF MAINTENANCE COSTS

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide14

TAKE-OFF

  • Side effects:
    • LONGER RUNWAY TAKE-OFF LENGTH REQUIRED

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide15

CRUISE

  • Side effects:
    • LONGER FLIGHT TIME (AMS-HKG = 24 MIN.)

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide16

CRUISE

  • Side effects:
    • LONGER FLIGHT TIME

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide17

CRUISE

  • Side effects:
    • TOTAL FLIGHT SYSTEM RENEWABLE

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide18

APPROACH

  • Work in progress!
  • Side effects:
    • LONGER FLIGHT TIME
    • CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide19

AIRCRAFT WEIGHT

  • Weight reduction = fuel reduction

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

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OVERVIEW

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide21

OVERVIEW

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide22

Conclusion

  • Estimated amount of CO2 reduction:

17,4 million kg/year

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide23

SUGGESTION

  • 10 years ago introduction of EU Open Skies
  • Currently, still not a “real one sky” airspace.
  • Implementation can be realized

Amsterdam, 12-12-2007

slide25

SUGGESTION

  • 10 years ago introduction of EU Open Skies
  • Currently, still not a “real one sky” airspace.
  • Implementation can be realized