Rules for Painting • Wear gloves and face mask (if needed) • Put down drop cloth • Damp rag handy for spills • Close all paint containers tightly (cans w/mallet) • Wash all materials until they are completely clean!
Tips for Painting • Inspect brushes for clumped surfaces; inspect sponges, rags, and rollers for irregularities. • Dip your brush no more than ¾” into the paint. • Do not let the paint get into the ferrule (metal binder). • Use a cross-hatch (criss-cross) painting stroke to avoid gaps called “holidays.” • Apply paint evenly! • Always work on the wet edge of the paint. • If work is interrupted, feather the edge and then work back towards it when you restart.
Tools and Materials: Brushes • Brushes • Detail brushes (for details) • Flat-ferrule (for base-coating, lay-in and priming) • Rollers (for base-coating, lay-in and priming) • Sash (for lining and detailing) • Scenic Fitch (lay-in) • Scenic Liner (lining and detailing)
Tools and Materials: Tools • Brush Extender • Bucket • Can Openers • Drop Cloths • Fans • Gloves • Hair Dryer • Paint Key • Paint Rags (clean-up) • Paint Trays • Rulers • Snap Liner • Stir Sticks
Tools and Materials: Accessories • Feather Duster • Feathers • Markers • Newspaper • Rags • Rocker Grainer • Spider Web • Sponge
Types of Paint • Water-Based: Latex, Casein • Oil-Based: Stains, shellac, spray paint • Binders and Finishes: Acrylic
Steps in the Process • Surface Preparation • Priming • Base Coating • Layout • Lay-in • Detailing • Finishing • Touch-Up
I. Basic Scene Painting Technique – Base Coating • Flat covering • Wet blending • Scumbling
II. Basic Scene Painting Technique - Over-painting Technique • Washing and glazing • Blocking • Combing • Dry brushing • Lining • Sponging • Rag rolling and flogging • Spattering • Stippling • Spraying • Stenciling • Stamping
Faux Finish Technique - Wood • Understanding Wood • Wood Graining techniques • Combing • Rocker graining • Brushing • Detailing
Project #1 – Wood Floor STEPS IN THE PROCESS • Layout – Use a ruler and pencil to mark out planks; space planks same width as brush size. • Lay-in – • Apply darker paint; let dry • Apply lighter paint • Detailing • Use combing technique or rocker grainer • Use marker to draw in plank lines • Add knots, nailheads or scars using dark paint or marker.
Faux Finish Technique – Brick or Block • Understanding Bricks • Brick Wall Technique • Brushing • Stenciling • Sponging • Wood blocking
Project #2 – Brick Wall STEPS IN THE PROCESS • Layout – Use a ruler and pencil to mark out bricks; • Height should be same width as brush size • Width should be approximately 2x width • Lay-in – • Sponge or brush dark color • Sponge or brush light corner for texture • Detailing – Creating 3D Effect • Determine direction of light • Add highlight on side of light • Add shadow away from light • Add grout in gray or other dark color
Faux Finish Technique – MARBLE Base Techniques • Wet Blending • Rag Rolling / Scumble • Spider Web Technique Detail Techniques • Feather Cracking • Spatter/Splatter
BASE: WET BLENDING Use two wet brushes at the same time.
BASE: Rag Rolling / Scumble Use rags or newspaper.
BASE: Spider Web Apply Base Coat Attach Spider Webs Spray Paint Over
DETAIL: Feather Cracked Rotate thin edge of detail brush.
DETAIL: Spatter/Splatter SPATTER: Fling undiluted paint. SPLATTER: Fling diluted paint
Project #3 – Marble (Wet Blend or Rag Roll/Scumble) STEPS IN THE PROCESS • Layout – Decide what type of marble technique you will use and what type of brush strokes/tools you need – Wet • Lay-in – • Sponge or brush darkest colors first • Sponge or brush lighter colors on top • Detailing – Creating Depth • Spatter/Splatter over Surface • Add Feather Cracking
SCAVENGER HUNT Use your Camera Phone or Camera Get Clear, Usable Images of five (5) different textures. Get a Variety of Textures (Brick, Wood, Stone, Marble, Natural, Glass, Metal, etc.) Remain in building or courtyard only. You may not go outside the main building. DO NOT disturb other classes by making noise or peering into windows. You will have 25 minutes. If you are late returning, you will be written up for skipping.