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Divisibility, Factors, GCF, Multiples, LCM, Prime, Composite, & Prime Factorization

Divisibility, Factors, GCF, Multiples, LCM, Prime, Composite, & Prime Factorization

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## Divisibility, Factors, GCF, Multiples, LCM, Prime, Composite, & Prime Factorization

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**Divisibility, Factors,GCF, Multiples, LCM, Prime, Composite,**& Prime Factorization**Divisibility**Divisibility – a number is divisible by another number when you divide them and there is NOT a remainder (or decimal) Calculator Time!!!!!**Divisibility con…**Example: 35 ÷ 5 = 7 So… 35 is divisible by 5 because there is no remainder/decimal Example: 42 ÷ 5 = 8.4 So… 42 is NOT divisible by 5 because there isa remainder/decimal X**Divisibility con…**Is 45 divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10? 45 ÷ 2 = 22.5 45 ÷ 3 = 15 45 ÷ 4 = 11.25 45 ÷ 5 = 9 45 ÷ 6 = 7.5 45 ÷ 8 = 5.625 45 ÷ 9 = 5 45 ÷ 10 = 4.5 X So….. 45 is divisible by: 3, 5, and 9 X X X X**Divisibility con…**Is 60 divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10? 60 ÷ 2 = 30 60 ÷ 3 = 20 60 ÷ 4 = 15 60 ÷ 5 = 12 60 ÷ 6 = 10 60 ÷ 8 = 7.5 60 ÷ 9 = 6.67 60 ÷ 10 = 6 So….. 60 is divisible by: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 10 X X**Factors**Factors – the numbers we multiply together to get a product 8 x 4 = 32 Factor Factor Product**Factors con…**There is a specific set of factors for each number. To find factors: - take number and divide it by 1, then 2, then 3, then 4, etc. - if you get a decimal – it is not a factor - no decimal – the factor pair is the # you divided by and the answer**Factors con…**List all the factors of 48: 48 ÷ 1 = 48 48 ÷ 2 = 24 48 ÷ 3 = 16 48 ÷ 4 = 12 48 ÷ 5 = 9.6 48 ÷ 6 = 8 48 ÷ 7 = 6.86 Factors: so = 48 1 x 48 = 48 so 2 x 24 = 48 so 3 x 16 = 48 so 4 x 12 no so 6 x 8 = 48 no**Factors con…**List all the factors of 36: 36 ÷ 1 = 36 36 ÷ 2 = 18 36 ÷ 3 = 12 36 ÷ 4 = 9 36 ÷ 5 = 7.2 36 ÷ 6 = 6 Factors: so = 36 1 x 36 = 36 so 2 x 18 = 36 so 3 x 12 = 36 so 4 x 9 no so 6 x 6 = 36**Factors con…**List all the factors of 45: 45 ÷ 1 = 45 45 ÷ 2 = 22.5 45 ÷ 3 = 15 45 ÷ 4 = 11.25 45 ÷ 5 = 9 45 ÷ 6 = 7.5 Factors: so 1 x 45 = 45 no so 3 x 15 = 45 no so 5 x 9 = 45 no**Greatest Common Factor (GCF)**Biggest Factor they have in common Find the GCF of 36 and 24: 3624 GCF = 12 1 x 36 1 x 24 2 x 12 2 x 18 3 x 8 3 x 12 4 x 9 4 x 6 6 x 6**GCF con…**Find the GCF of 60 and 90: 6090 GCF = 30 1 x 60 1 x 90 2 x 30 2 x 45 3 x 20 3 x 30 4 x 15 5 x 18 6 x 15 5 x 12 9 x 10 6 x 10**GCF con…**Find the GCF of 45 and 72: 4572 GCF = 9 1 x 45 1 x 72 3 x 15 2 x 36 5 x 9 3 x 24 4 x 18 6 x 12 8 x 9**GCF con…**Find the GCF of 30, 45, and 70: 304570 1 x 30 1 x 45 1 x 70 2 x 15 3 x 15 2 x 35 3 x 10 5 x 9 5 x 14 5 x 6 7 x 10 GCF = 5**Prime Numbers – have only 2 factors - one**and itself • Examples: • Special Case: the number 2 is the only even number that is prime!!! 2 3 5 7 11 1 x 2 1 x 3 1 x 5 1 x 7 1 x 11**Composite Numbers – have more than 2 factors**• Examples: 4 24 12 9 1 x 4 1 x 24 1 x 12 1 x 9 2 x 2 2 x 12 2 x 6 3 x 3 3 x 8 3 x 4 1,3,9 1,2,4 4 x 6 1,2,3,4,6,12 1,2,3,4,6,8,12,24**All even numbers except the #2 are composite**• Why? • All even numbers are divisible by 2 • so 2 is going to be a factor • - Is the # 1 prime or composite? 1 The number 1 is neither prime nor composite – it has only one factor – the number 1 1 x 1**Practice: Tell whether each number is prime or composite**25 54 19 32 23 1 x 19 1 x 32 1 x 23 1 x 25 1 x 54 Prime 2 x 16 Prime 5 x 5 2 x 27 3 x 18 4 x 8 Composite 6 x 9 Composite Composite**Prime Factorization – use a factor tree to factor until**all that is left is prime numbers 32 Prime Factorization = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 or 25 4 8 2 2 2 4 2 2**45**Prime Factorization = 3 x 3 x 5 or 32 x 5 5 9 3 3**36**Prime Factorization = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 or 22 x 32 6 6 2 3 2 3**Multiples – is the product when you multiply**• There are no set amount – there is an infinite number of multiples • The multiples are equal to or larger than the starting number • Example: • Multiples of 5: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30…….**How do you find multiples?**• Take the numberandmultiply it by another whole number – I like to go in orderstarting with the number 1 • It’s like we are counting by that number**Examples:**List five multiples of the # 8 1 x 8 = 8 2 x 8 = 16 3 x 8 = 24 4 x 8 = 32 5 x 8 = 40 8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 are multiples of the number 8**Examples:**List five multiples of the # 6 1 x 6 = 6 2 x 6 = 12 3 x 6 = 18 4 x 6 = 24 5 x 6 = 30 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 are multiples of the number 6**Examples:**List five multiples of the # 12 1 x 12 = 12 2 x 12 = 24 3 x 12 = 36 4 x 12 = 48 5 x 12 = 60 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 are multiples of the number 12**Least Common Multiple (LCM)– smallest multiple a set**of numbers have in common • How to find LCM: • 1.) Begin with the larger number • 2.) List 5 – 10 multiples (go in order) • 3.) Begin listing multiples of the other # • 4.) Stop when you find a multiple they have in common • 5.) If needed, go back and list more multiples of the first number**Example: Find the LCM of 6 and 7**Multiples of 7: 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70 Multiples of 6: 12, 36, 6, 18, 24, 30, 42 LCM of 6 & 7 = 42**Example: Find the LCM of 15 and 20**Multiples of 15: 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90 Multiples of 20: 20, 40, 60 LCM of 15 & 20 = 60**Example: Find the LCM of 5, 6, and 15**Multiples of 15: 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 Multiples of 6: 12, 6, 18, 24, 30 Multiples of 5: 10, 5, 15, 20, 25, 30 LCM of 5, 6, & 15 = 30**LCM in Word Problems:**On every third page of Sarah’s scrapbook, she has a friend’s signature. On every fourth page she has a teacher’s signature. What is the page number of the first page that will have both signatures? How to work: find the LCM of 3 and 4 Multiples of 4: 8, 24, 4, 12, 16, 20, 28 Multiples of 3: LCM of 3 & 4 = 12 6, 3, 9, 12,**LCM in Word Problems:**Scrapbook stickers come in packages of 10, and labels come in packages of 25. What is the least number of packages of each Sarah should buy if she needs to have an equal number of stickers and labels? Multiples of 25: Stickers – 5 packs Labels – 2 packs 50, 25, 75, 100, 125 1 2 Multiples of 10: 20, 40, 10, 30, 50 1 2 3 4 5