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Fire Hose and Appliances

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Fire Hose and Appliances. Objectives (1 of 4). Identify and explain the construction of fire hose. Demonstrate the care and maintenance of fire hose. Identify the types of hose couplings and threads. Demonstrate the care and maintenance of hose couplings. Objectives (2 of 4).

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objectives 1 of 4
Objectives (1 of 4)
  • Identify and explain the construction of fire hose.
  • Demonstrate the care and maintenance of fire hose.
  • Identify the types of hose couplings and threads.
  • Demonstrate the care and maintenance of hose couplings.
objectives 2 of 4
Objectives (2 of 4)
  • Identify and explain the use of hose tools and appliances.
  • Demonstrate the coupling and uncoupling of fire hose.
  • Demonstrate the rolling, carrying, and loading of fire hose.
  • Demonstrate the advancing of fire hose lines, both charged and uncharged.
objectives 3 of 4
Objectives (3 of 4)
  • Demonstrate the establishment of a water supply connection.
  • Demonstrate the extending of hose lines.
  • Demonstrate the replacement of burst hose sections.
  • Demonstrate the procedures for laying hose lines for water supply.
objectives 4 of 4
Objectives (4 of 4)
  • Demonstrate the deployment of master stream devices.
  • Demonstrate the service testing of hose.
introduction 1 of 2
Introduction (1 of 2)
  • Hose is the tool used to move water.
  • Firefighters must know how to store hose on the apparatus and how to deploy it.
  • Fire hose is a flexible conduit used to move water, or other agent, from a source to the fire.
  • Couplings, adapters, and appliances are used to connect hose.
introduction 2 of 2
Introduction (2 of 2)
  • Today, many departments use National Standard Hose Threads.
  • Other departments use adapters to make connections to standard threaded couplings.
  • Adapters and appliances have been created or made lighter to make firefighting easier.
hose tools and appliances
Hose Tools and Appliances
  • Hose tools help move or operate hose lines.
  • Appliances are devices that water flows through, including adapters and connectors.
  • Tools include rope hose tools, wrenches, rollers, hose clamps, and other items.
  • Various types of valves are also used to control water flow and distribution.
tools and appliances
Rope hose tool

Spanner wrench

Hydrant wrench

Hose roller

Hose clamp

Hose jacket

Hose bridge

Hose cart

Double couplings


Gate valve

Intake relief valve



Hydrant valve


Distributor pipe

Hose cap

Tools and Appliances
coupling and uncoupling hose



Two-person method


Spanner wenches



Coupling and Uncoupling Hose
hose rolls
Hose Rolls
  • Roll hose storage or to have it ready for use.
  • Several options
    • Straight/storage hose roll
    • Single-donut roll
    • Twin or double-donut roll
hose carries 1 of 2
Hose Carries (1 of 2)
  • Drain and carry method
  • Shoulder loop carry
  • Hose/street drag
hose loads 1 of 3


Flat load

Horseshoe load

Straight finish load

Reverse horseshoe



Modified Gasner bar pack

Hose Loads (1 of 3)
advancing hoselines
Advancing Hoselines
  • Into structures
  • Up and down stairs
  • Using a standpipe system
  • Working hose off a ladder
establishing a water supply line
Establishing a Water Supply Line
  • Several methods exist for establishing a water supply depending on:
    • Type of water source
    • Hydrant style
    • Hose lays used
    • Pumper use at water source
extending hoselines 1 of 2
Extending Hoselines (1 of 2)
  • Firefighters should be familiar with techniques used to extend hose lines.
  • The preferred method is the use of a break-apart nozzle.
  • The other method is the use of a hose clamp.
    • Use the clamp carefully and cautiously.
replacing sections of burst line
Replacing Sections of Burst Line
  • Bursting of a hose section is very dangerous.
    • It can cause personal injury and additional property damage.
  • Hose line must be shut down to remove the section replaced.
hose lay procedures
Hose Lay Procedures
  • Supply lines and the hose beds on apparatus are designed to use one of three lays.
    • Forward lay
    • Reverse lay
    • Split lay
deploying master stream devices 1 of 6
Deploying Master Stream Devices (1 of 6)
  • Water applicators are capable of flowing over 350 gallons of water per minute.
  • A wagon pipe is a permanently mounted stream device.
  • A deluge set is not permanently mounted.
  • A monitor type device is a permanently mounted master stream device with a prepiped waterway on an aerial ladder or platform.
deploying master stream devices 2 of 6
Deploying Master Stream Devices (2 of 6)
  • A ladder pipe is a non-permanently mounted device needing a hose line.
  • Master stream devices are rigged and then charged.
  • For every foot of vertical reach needed, the device is moved one foot away. (solid stream tip)
deploying master stream devices 3 of 6
Deploying Master Stream Devices (3 of 6)
  • For horizontal reach, each pound of pressure equals 1 foot of reach.
    • Maximum reach is usually 3 floors.
  • A wagon pipe is a permanently mounted device.
  • The monitor pipe has a direct discharge.
  • Deluge set on top of an engine may be prepiped.
deploying master stream devices 4 of 6
Deploying Master Stream Devices (4 of 6)
  • When using a deluge on the ground, intakes should be facing the fire building.
  • A ladder pipe needs a hose line for rigging it up a ladder and another for supply.
  • Fire hose, adapters, and appliances allow firefighters to move water.
  • It is important to know how to use the various appliances and tools.
  • Appliances and tools provide firefighters greater abilities to facilitate fire suppression.
  • Proper techniques of connecting, advancing, and operating tools must be understood.