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Pig production in Vietnam Situation, Challenges and Prospects Presenter: Msc.Vo Trong Thanh Department of Livestock Production – MARD. Contents. Growth of pig production in Vietnam in the period 2000-2010 Structure of pig herd and pig breeding Development of pig farm

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Pig production in VietnamSituation, Challenges and ProspectsPresenter: Msc.Vo Trong Thanh Department of Livestock Production – MARD

contents
Contents

Growth of pig production in Vietnam in the period 2000-2010

Structure of pig herd and pig breeding

Development of pig farm

Limitation in slaughtering, processing and marketing

Challenges of pig production in Vietnam

Tendency for development of pig production

Prospects of Vietnamese pig production

role of pig production in vietnam
Role of pig production in Vietnam
  • In 2010:
  • Gross output of agriculture production (Cultivation, Livestock, Service) 528,739 billions dong;
  • - Gross output of livestock production reached 129,679 billions dong.

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

number of pig head in the period 2000 2010
Number of pig head in the period 2000-2010

In 2010:

- The total pig population was 27.4 million heads, decreased 9% in comparison with 2009. However:

- Total pig number by slaughtering reached49.3 millions, increased 7,4% compared with 2009;

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

production of pig meat
Production of pig meat

- Total live weight pig meat reached 3.03 million tons in 2010 (increased 3.3% in compared with 2009 and 114% in compared with2000).

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

productivity of pig production
Productivity of pig production

In the period of 2000-2010, the number of pig head increased 3.6%/year but pig meat production reached 11.4%/year.

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

density of pig head by ecological areas
Density of pig head by ecological areas

Note:

<50 pig head/km2

50 – 99 pig head/km2

100 – 200 pig head/km2

> 200 pig head/km2

North East

North West

Red River Delta

North Central

South Central and Central coastal areas

Central Highlands

South East

Mekong River Delta

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

pig production by ecological areas in 2010
Pig production by ecological areasin 2010

Percentage of pig head

Pig meat production

5 provinces have over 1 million pig heads: Ha Noi, Thai Binh, Bac Giang, Nghe An and Dong Nai.

Resource: Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam in 2010

comparison pig cattle and poultry production in the period of 2000 2010
Comparison: pig, cattle and poultry production in the period of 2000-2010

Resource: Department of Livestock production

structure of pig herd in 2010
Structure of pig herd in 2010
  • Total of sow on 2010: 4.16 million heads, reduced 0.1% compared with 2009.

Resource: Department of Livestock production

structure of pig herd by breed 2010
Structure of pig herd by breed 2010

Number of exotic pig is 5.2 million heads in 2010, increased 13.9% compared with 2009 (4.6 million heads);

Number of local pig: about 2 million heads

Growth rateof exotic pig sow is 12.7% in the period of 2009 - 2010 (550,000heads in 2009 and 620,000 heads in 2010)

Resource: Department of Livestock production

pig breed programs
Pig breed programs

At present, about 140 pigbreeding units and enterpriser are keeping the Grand Grand Parent pig (GGP)and Grand Parent pig (GP), with about 321,000 pig heads, in which, there are 8,000 GGP exotic sow heads;

9 pigbreeding units belongs to MARD(1,600 GGP sows and 1,770 GP sows, accounted 20% and 0.6% of GGP and GP sows in whole country).

Resource: Department of Livestock production

intensive pig farm develop rapidly but unsustainably
Intensive pig farm: develop rapidly but unsustainably

Number of intensive pig farms in whole country: 8.500.

Percentage of pig production from intensive farms: 45%, from householders: 55%.

Resource: Department of Livestock production

high percentage of pig heads in small scale pig farms and householders
High percentage of pig heads in small scale pig farms and householders

About 81.4% pig heads come from householders and small scale pig farms

1. It cause obstructions to invest the husbandry technologies for intensive farming

2. It is difficult to control epidemic.

pig slaughtering methods and pork processing technologies
Pig slaughtering methods and pork processing technologies

Pig slaughtering method and pork processing technologies are mainly manual and backward

It is difficult to control pig meat standard and food safety and hygiene requirements.

There are about 28 pork processing factories with products such as ham, sausage. The proportion of processing pork is quite low (approximately 2%).

Resource: Department of Livestock production

many intermediaries in the pig meat commodity
Many intermediariesin the pig meat commodity

Domestic consumers

(99%)

intermediaries

Large slaughter unit

Farmers

Retailers in city

Wholesales

Super- market

Small slaughtering units

Retailers in rural

Export market

(1%)

Collectors

Processing unit for export

Resource: Department of Livestock production

pork market develop unsustainably
Pork market: develop unsustainably

Links between production and markets has not been firmly established

Volatility in pig market price

Asymmetry in pig market information

Profitability of farmers is low (does not stimulate the production)

v challenges of pig production sector of vietnam
V. Challenges of pig production sector of Vietnam

Controlling disease, especially dangerous infectious diseases

Controlling inputs of pig production sector (Breed, animal food, veterinary medicines ....)

Controlling outputs of pig production sector (quality of meat, food safety and hygiene)

v challenges of pig production sector of vietnam continue
V. Challenges of pig production sector of Vietnam (continue)

4. Planning for intensive farms that associate with slaughtering, processing and domestic market

5. Improving the comparativeness of pig meat for exporting

6. Controlling the pollution from pig farm to slaughtering.

vi tendency for pig production in vietnam
VI. Tendency for pig production in Vietnam

3 Increasing:

Increase the size of farm

Increase product quality

Increase profitability of livestock

3 Decreasing:

Reduce Disease

Reduce environmental pollution

Reduce hazardous supplements (antibiotics, substances gain weight, substance lean .

vii prospects for pig production in vietnam continue
VII. Prospects for pig production in Vietnam (continue)

Pig industry will remain a mail sector contributing food of Vietnam;

The private sector will invest strongly in the sectors of pig production and pork processing, and pig breed;

The planning will allow the pig sector developing in sustainable way;

vii prospects for pig production in vietnam continue1
VII. Prospects for pig production in Vietnam (continue)

4. The State will complete the legal framework to control inputs and outputs of pig production;

5. Cooperation and technology transfer in the pig production will place strong and effective;

6. Domestic demand of pork will increase with high requirements of food safety and hygiene.

vii prospects for pig production in vietnam continue2
VII. Prospects for pig production in Vietnam (continue)

7. Number of pig head will increase slowly, in contrast, pork production will increase faster; pig meat quality will be controlled more tightly;

8. Model of safety farm and organic farm will be concerned and developed

9. Exporting Vietnamese pork to the EU, Japan ... will be bright.

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Growth of pig population and pig production in the period of 2000-2010 is encouraged;
  • Pig breeds need to further improve to meet production needs;
  • Pig farm models have develop but lack of plan and sustainablity. Government should support positively to pig intensive farms.
  • There are many limitations and inadequacies in slaughtering, processing and marketing of pig. The input and output of pig production should be controlled;
  • There are many challenge for pig production sector of Vietnam, especially infectious diseases;
  • To survive and develop, this sector have tendency to increase the scale, improve the quality, rise the efficiency and concern more the sustainability;
  • Exploiting advantages, concerning long-term trategies, increasing the pig product competitiveness, … will create a great prospects for Vietnamese pig production.