By: Natalie Willis, Alyssa Perkins, and Erin Wittekind. Chapter 17 Section 1 Two Superpowers Face Off. Allies During the Postwar. Former Allies diverge . A joint postwar plan . Leaders of the Allied nations (US, Britain, and the Soviet Union) met in Soviet Black Sea resort city of Yalta
Former Allies diverge
A joint postwar plan
Leaders of the Allied nations (US, Britain, and the Soviet Union) met in Soviet Black Sea resort city of Yalta
They agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied military forces
Stalin promised Eastern Europeans would have free elections. But he would only keep his pledge if Eastern Europeans followed a policy friendly to Russia. In return, Stalin joined the war against Japan.
When the leaders of the US, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain met at Yalta, their goals were;
-to promote world peace
-to provide emergency relief
-to help form interim governments based on the will of the people
Encourage communism in other countries as part of a worldwide workers’ revolution
Rebuild its war-ravaged economy using Eastern Europe’s equipment and raw materials
Control Eastern Europe to protect Soviet borders and balance the US influence in Western Europe
Keep Germany divided to prevent its waging war again
The Western zones became the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949
Churchill's phrase “iron curtain” came to represent Europe’s division between a mostly democratic Western Europe and a Communist Eastern Europe
What was the Marshall Plan?
What is a Cold War?
What is SEATO?
Why was SEATO established?
What was Sputnik I?