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Feudalism Pyramid of Power Manoralism. Feudalism. The Early Middle Ages was a dangerous time. Government in the Middle Ages. Roman Empire had a central government. After Rome fell, Europe had dozens of little kingdoms. Lots of fighting between kingdoms.

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slide2

Feudalism

The

Early

Middle

Ages

was a

dangerous

time.

E. Napp

government in the middle ages
Government in the Middle Ages
  • Roman Empire had a central government.
  • After Rome fell, Europe had dozens of little kingdoms.
  • Lots of fighting between kingdoms.
  • Lots of attacks from Vikings, Magyars (from East Asia) and Muslims.
  • A new way evolved ...
feudalism
Feudalism

NEW PAGE:

Title: Feudalism in the Middle Ages

Copy this definition:

Feudalism is a political system where land – and therefore money and power – is exchanged for military service and loyalty.

  • Feudalism was the political and military system of the Middle Ages.
  • In a feudal society, land is exchanged for military service and loyalty.
  • The ownership of land was the basis or power.
at the top
At the top

The King owned all of the land.

Depending on how much he liked them, he gave land to the Nobles.

William the Conqueror

nobles
Nobles
  • Lords and Ladies, Dukes, Earls.
  • Usually related to, or mates with, the King.
  • They didn’t get the Land for free: they were required to give money and soldiers (knights) if the King needed them to fight a war.
feudal pyramid of power2
Feudal Pyramid of Power

KING

MONEY AND KNIGHTS

LAND

NOBLES

knights
Knights
  • Nobles needed trained soldiers to defend castles and to give the King when he asked for them.
  • Knights most important, highly skilled soldiers
  • Mounted knights in heavy armor best defenders
feudal pyramid of power3
Feudal Pyramid of Power

KING

MONEY AND KNIGHTS

LAND

PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE

NOBLES

KNIGHTS

knights1
Knights

BUT

  • Being a knight is expensive;
    • weapons, armor, horses
  • Nobles usually paid with land.
  • Land given to knight for service was called a fief
    • Anyone accepting fief was called a vassal
    • A vassal had to obey his Lord and fight for him when required.
feudal pyramid of power4
Feudal Pyramid of Power

KING

MONEY AND KNIGHTS

LAND

LAND (fief)

PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE

NOBLES

KNIGHTS

vassals

many lords
Many Lords
  • Person could be both lord, vassal
  • Some knights with large fiefs gave small pieces of land to other knights
  • One knight could serve many lords
  • Everyone’s supposed to be loyal to the King. Didn’t always work out that way.
peasants
Peasants
  • Everyday people – peasants - were frightened.
  • They turned to landowners for protection.
  • Peasants offered their labor in exchange for protection.
  • These peasants were called serfs.
serfs
Serfs
  • A serf was “bound to the land.”
  • He could not leave his lord’s land.
  • He was not a slave because he could not be sold.
  • But he was not free because he could not leave.
  • He also needed permission to marry.
feudal pyramid of power5
Feudal Pyramid of Power

KING

MONEY AND KNIGHTS

LAND

LAND (fief)

PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE

NOBLES

LAND

and protection

KNIGHTS

vassals

FOOD AND SERVICES

PEASANTS

manorialism
Manorialism

In Modern times, when we say “Manor”, we mean this:

manorialism1
Manorialism

But in the Middle Ages, a Manor was more like a town or a large estate.

Remember: a fief was all of a Lord’s land.

The Manor was the part of the fief where the peasants farmed and lived.

manorialism2
Manorialism
  • Copy this definition/notes into your packet of notes:
    • Manorialismwas the economic system of the Middle Ages.
      • These days our economic system is called ‘Capitalism’.
    • Manorialism is a self-sufficient economy; this means that everything that is necessary for life was created on the manor.
manorialism3
Manorialism
  • Manors had some free people who rented land from lord
  • Each manor included fortified house for noble family, village for peasants, serfs
  • Others included landowning peasants, skilled workers like blacksmiths, millers
  • Also had a priest for spiritual needs
slide22

Common Pasture

(or "Green")

slide23

Common Pasture

(or "Green")

Buildings

ORCHARD

the peasants
The Peasants

At the lowest level of society were the peasants, also called serfs or villeins.

The lord offered his peasants protection in exchange for living and working on his land.

hard work high taxes
Hard Work & High Taxes

Peasants worked hard to cultivate the land and produce the goods that the lord and his manor needed.

They were heavily taxed and were required to relinquish much of what they harvested.

serfs1
Serfs

A serf was “bound to the land.”

He could not leave his lord’s land.

  • He was not a slave because he could not be sold.
  • But he was not free because he could not leave.
  • He also needed permission to marry.
vocab match practice quiz
Vocab Match Practice Quiz

COPY the word and it’s correct definition into your book.

feudal pyramid of power6
Feudal Pyramid of Power

MONEY AND KNIGHTS

KING

LAND

LAND (fief)

PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE

NOBLES

LAND

and protection

FOOD AND SERVICES

KNIGHTS

vassals

PEASANTS

friday open note quiz
Friday: Open Note Quiz
  • Make sure to keep track of all of your notes and bring them back Friday!!! If not… you will regret it!!