Towards the Doctrine of the Trinity. The ‘Spirit-fighters’. The models of the trinity. Apollinarian controversy. The Second Ecumenical Council: Constantinople, 381. The ‘Spirit-fighters’. Emerged in 361 Taught that the Holy Spirit was one of God’s gifts, not a divine person
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--example: use of prepositions for Son and Holy Spirit (Basil, De Sp. S.)
Inadequate extreme positions (heresies):
2. Subordinationism (Arianism)
3. Tritheism (three gods)
One essence, three persons
Subordinationism (Arianism) controversy:
Unity of three persons
Distinction of three persons
Equality of F., S. & H. S.
All the people who are ruled by the administration of our Clemency shall practice that religion which the divine Peter the Apostle transmitted to the Romans… It is evident that this is the religion that is followed by the Pontiff Damasus and by Peter, Bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic sanctity…
We command that those persons who follow this rule [of trinitarian faith] shall embrace the name of Catholic Christians. The rest, however, whom we adjure demented and insane, shall sustain the infamy of heretical dogmas, their meeting places shall not receive the name of churches, and they shall be smitten first by divine vengeance and secondly by the retribution of our own initiative, which we shall assume in accordance with the divine judgment.”