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THE TRINITY The Trinity God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit The Nicene Creed We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God,

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the trinity god the father god the son and god the holy spirit
The Trinity

God the Father,

God the Son,

and

God the Holy Spirit

slide3

The Nicene Creed

We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty,

maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen.

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God,

eternally begotten of the Father,

God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God,

begotten, not made, one in being with the Father.

Through him all things were made.

For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven,

by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man.

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;

he suffered, died, and was buried.

On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures;

he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,

and his kingdom will have no end.

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,

who proceeds from the Father and the Son.

With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified.

He has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.

We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.

We look for the resurrection of the dead,

and the life of the world. Amen..

slide4

St. Robert Bellarmine – pray for us.

The saints are great ways to connect with the history and teaching of the Church. There isn’t a day which goes by that doesn’t have a feast day on someone connected to it.

www.catholic.org/saints/

slide5
THE WEAKEST LINK

So you think your smart? 

Are you the weakest link?

Following are four questions.

You have to answer them instantly.

You can't take your time;

answer all of them immediately.

OK?

Let's find out just

how clever you

really are.

Ready? GO!!!

slide6
First Question:
  • You are participating in a race. You overtake the second person. What position are you in?
slide7
Answer: If you answered that

you are first, then you are

Absolutely wrong!

If you overtake the second

person and you take his/her place, you are second!

slide8
To answer the second question

don't take as much time as you took for

the first question.

slide9
Second Question:

If you overtake the last person,

then you are...?

slide10
Answer:

If you answered that you are

second to last, then you are

wrong again. Tell me, how can

you overtake the LAST person?!

slide12
Third Question: Very tricky math!

This is for all you science majors.

Note: This must be done in your head only.

Do NOT use paper and pencil or a calculator. Try it.

slide19
Now add 10.
  • What is the total?
slide22
Don't believe it?

Check with your calculator!

Today is definitely not your day. Maybe you will get the last question right?

slide23
Mary's father has five daughters:

1. Nana,

2. Nene,

3. Nini,

4. Nono.

What is the name of the fifth daughter?

slide24
Answer:

Nunu?

slide25
NO!

Of course not.

Her name is Mary.

Read the question again.

slide27
Luke E. Hart Series
  • God Booklet # 2
  • Jesus Christ Booklet #5
  • The Holy Spirit Booklet #6
  • CCC: Part One: The Profession of the Faith Paragraph #: 26-1065.
slide30
The doctrine of the Trinity is the primary doctrine of Christianity in that it reveals the ultimate truth, the nature of ultimate reality, the nature of God. (It does not define God, but it truly reveals God.) Other mysteries of our Faith tell us what God has done in time (the Creation, the Incarnation, the Resurrection), but the Trinity tells us what God is in eternity. (Peter Kreeft p. 18, God)
slide31
The ultimate end of the whole divine economy is the entry of God’s creatures into the perfect unity of the Blessed Trinity. (cf John 17:21-23) But even now we are called to be a dwelling for the Most Holy Trinity: “If a man loves me,” says the Lord, “he will keep my word and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, and make our home with him. (John 14:23)” (CCC260)
the nicene creed god the father
The Nicene Creed:God the Father
  • We believe in one God,
  • the Father,
  • the Almighty,
  • maker of heaven and earth,
  • of all that is seen and unseen.
the nicene creed god the son
The Nicene Creed:God the Son
  • We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
  • the only Son of God,
  • eternally begotten of the Father,
  • God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God,
  • begotten, not made, one in being with the Father.
  • Through him all things were made.
  • For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven,
  • by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man.
  • For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;
  • he suffered, died, and was buried.
  • On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures;
  • he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
  • He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,
  • and his kingdom will have no end.
the nicene creed god the holy spirit
The Nicene Creed: God the Holy Spirit
  • We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,
  • who proceeds from the Father and the Son.
  • With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified.
  • He has spoken through the prophets.
the nicene creed the church
The Nicene Creed:The Church
  • We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
  • We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
  • We look for the resurrection of the dead,
  • and the life of the world.
  • Amen.
slide36
The Data for Christian theology re. the Trinity are first of all Christ Himself. On the one hand, he called God his Father, prayed to him, loved him, taught his teaching and obeyed his will. On the other hand he claimed to be one with, and equal to the Father. And he also promised to send the Spirit. The Scriptural data from which the Church derives the doctrine of the Trinity are essentially:
slide37

that there is only one God

(Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one God.”)

  • that the Father is God (John 5:18 This was why the Jews sought all the more to kill him, because he not only broke the sabbath but also called God his Father, making himself equal with God. )
slide38

that the Son is God (John 8:58 Jesus said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.“ ) and

that the holy spirit is god mt 28 18 20
that the Holy Spirit is God (Mt. 28:18-20 )

And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. [19] Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, [20] teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age.“

slide40
How can we know God?
  • Reason

(Creation, St. Ignatius of Loyola)

b) Faith(Revelation and Tradition)

the knowledge of god by human reason
The Knowledge of God by Human Reason

A) Instinctively

B) By Reasoning

Romans 1:20 “His eternal power and deity have been clearly perceived in the things that have been made.”

i) on data outside of ourselves

ii) on data inside of ourselves

slide42
The Knowledge of God by

Divine Revelation

  • Three steps in history:

1) First to Israel, his chosen people. ….

    • establishes his covenant
    • gives them his law
    • promises a Saviour
    • sends the prophets as his mouthpieces
    • performs miracles
    • inspires Scriptures
    • revealing his sheer gratuitous love (Dt. 7:6-8)
slide43
2) The Incarnation” (Second person of the Trinity: Jesus Christ) Scripture is the Word of God in the Book. Christ is the Word of God in the Flesh.
  • GENESIS 1:1-3 (In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.) AND JOHN 1:1 (In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. [2] He was in the beginning with God; [3] all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.)
slide44

Jesus is the complete and perfect revelation of God. (St. Paul’s letter to the Colossians 1:15-20 [15] He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation; [16] for in him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or authorities -- all things were created through him and for him. [17] He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. [18] He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent. [19] For in him all the fulness of God was pleased to dwell, [20] and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross. )

3)

slide45

The Third Person of the Blessed Trinity: the Holy Spirit: When Christ ascended into Heaven, he sent the Holy Spirit who sustains the Church to continue His work.

the attributes of god
The Attributes of God
  • God is one (ShemaDt 6:4 "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one God.”)
  • God is good, therefore righteous, just, holy right, moral (“Be holy for I am holy.” Leviticus 11:44)
  • God is both just and merciful
  • God is love
  • God is omniscient: all knowing and all wise (Mt 10:30 – he numbers every hair on our head)
  • God is omnipotent (all powerful) --- He who created everything out of nothing can do anything “With God all things are possible” (Mark 10:27, Matthew 19:26)
slide49
Exodus 3:13-15

Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, “the God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” God said ot Moses, “ I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘The Lord, theGod of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to yo’; this is my name for ever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations.

god s name yhwh i am exodus 3 14
God’s NameYHWH - I AM(Exodus 3:14)

The name signifies A) God’s reality, B) God’s oneness, C) God’s uniqueness, D) God’s personhood, E) God’s eternity

god as father matthew 6 luke 11
God as Father(Matthew 6, Luke 11)
  • [7] And in praying do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their many words. [8] Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. [9] Pray then like this: Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. [10] Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, On earth as it is in heaven. [11] Give us this day our daily bread; [12] And forgive us our debts, As we also have forgiven our debtors; [13] And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil. [14] For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father also will forgive you; [15] but if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. Matthew 6:7-15
slide52

Christology and Trinity:

An understanding of the mystery of the triune God,

however limited by the deficiencies of the human intellect,

constitutes the basis of all Christian

prayer, both individual or private, and public or liturgical.

As the Supreme Being who alone is perfect and

infinite in all his perfections, God eternally generates an infinitely perfect image of Himself, which we call the Logos, the Word, or the Son.

The Father perfectly loves His Self-Image (Logos)

and this Love is so perfect that it too is a person:

The Spirit of Love breathed forth from Father to Son

and breathed back from Son to Father.

slide53
This Trinity of Persons goes out in self-emptying love

one to the other and their self-giving Love,

the holy Spirit, spills out into creation.

God the Father calls creation into being by His Word and

sends forth His Spirit to breathe life into it.

Genesis records that at the dawn of creation God says, “let ther be light.”

The Father Creates through His Word.

The Spirit of God hovers over the face of the deep and

brings forth life in the seas, in the sky, and upon the earth.

(Inside the Vatican, June-July 2006 issue.)

slide55
God the Son

The Second Person

of the Blessed Trinity

Jesus the Christ

slide59
Jesus Christ has two distinct natures, human and divine. He is true God and true man. Jesus Christ is God because he is the Son of God, the second person of the Blessed Trinity: He has the same divine nature as his Father. As God, Jesus Christ has always existed. Jesus Christ is man because he is the Son of the Blessed Virgin Mary and has a body and soul like ours. As man, he began to exist from the moment of the Incarnation but as God he existed always, before all time..
slide60
Christology

a) Christ : messiah/meshia: means anointed one

Priest, prophet and king.

b) Logos: The Word; something said or the study of

slide61

The LOGOS.

  • Heracleitus (540 B.C.) was a philosopher who tried to explain the world in which we all live. He believed that there was a principle called “The LOGOS” which was like human reason and gave order to the world.
  • Philo of Alexandria (15 B.C. - A.D. 50) was a Jewish philosopher, who believed that the LOGOS existed between God and the universe. It had created everything that we see, touch, and know. It helped us to know and think about the existence of God. The LOGOS was the glue of the universe. He believed that God worked through the LOGOS to give order to the world.
slide62

John expresses the relationship of God the Father and God the Son in the Greek philosophical terms of those to whom he was writing

slide63
Old Testament

Suffering Servant Christology

The God who Saves Christology

The Messiah Christology

slide64
Isaiah 45:22-23

“Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. 23 By myself I have sworn from my mouth has gone forth in righteousness a word that shall not return: “To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.”

slide65
Isaiah 52:13 to 53:12

Behold, my servant shall prosper, he shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high. 14 As many were astonished at him*-- his appearance was so marred, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of the sons of men-- 15 so shall he startle* many nations; kings shall shut their mouths because of him; for that which has not been told them they shall see, and that which they have not heard they shall understand. 53:1 Who has believed what we have heard? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? 2 For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or comeliness that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He was despised and rejected* by men; a man of sorrows*, and acquainted with grief; * and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

slide66
4 Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that made us whole, and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. 8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgression of my people?
slide67
9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it was the will of the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief; * when he makes himself* an offering for sin, he shall see his offspring, he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand; 11 he shall see the fruit of the travail of his soul and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous; and he shall bear their iniquities. 12* Therefore I will divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he poured out his soul to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
slide68
Early Christological Statement:

Jesus asks: “Who do you say I am?”

Peter replies using two titles Messiah and Son

of the Living God Mt: 16:13 and Mark 8:29

slide69
Matthew 16: 13- 28:

13 Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, "Who do men say that the Son of man is?" 14 And they said, "Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets." 15 He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" 16* Simon Peter replied, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." 17* And Jesus answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 18* And I tell you, you are Peter, * and on this rock * I will build my church, and the powers of death * shall not prevail against it. 19* I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven."

slide70
20* Then he strictly charged the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ. 21 * From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. 22 And Peter took him and began to rebuke him, saying, "God forbid, Lord! This shall never happen to you." 23* But he turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance * to me; for you are not on the side of God, but of men."
  • 24* Then Jesus told his disciples, "If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 25 For whoever would save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. 26 For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give in return for his life? 27* For the Son of man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay every man for what he has done. 28* Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom."
slide71
Earliest Creed in the Church

1 Corinthians 15:b-5

“That Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures and that he was buried and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures and that he appeared to Cephas and then to the twelve.”

slide72
Pre-existence of Jesus

1 Corinthians 8:6

“yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom all things and from whom all things exist, and one lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.”

slide73
St. Paul’s Letter to the Phillipians 2:5-11

5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus,

6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,

7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, * being born in the likeness of men.

8 And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross.

9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name which is above every name,

10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

slide74
Phillipians hymn teaches:
  • his divine preexitence, that is, he is God and existed for all eternity before assuming flesh in the womb of the Virgin
  • he abased or “emptied” himself by becoming man
  • he further emptied, humiliated himself by accepting death on a cross
  • God the Father glorified him
  • The whole universe worships and adores him
  • The glorified Christ has won a new Name, that is the Name of God Himself.
slide75
The Christology of the Gospels

Matthew:

  • i) Focus is the Kingdom of Heaven and Jesus as King. He is a noble and dignified figure who deserves and receives homage from all around him.
  • ii) The Kingdom is the fulfillment of God’s plan for Israel.
  • iii) The church is the true Israel which goes out to all nations in the power of Christ
  • iv) Most Semitic: constantly touches on Jewish and rabbinic Customs. Jesus fulfills the hopes of the OT
  • v) Jesus is not only the Davidic Messiah but also the Lawgiver or second Moses.
slide76
Mark:

Focuses not on his teaching but on the mystery of Jesus’ teaching.

The paradox is that Jesus is acknowledged as Son of God by the Father and by evil spirits, and yet he is rejected by the leaders of the Jews and is even misunderstood by his own disciples.

slide77
Luke:
  • strong concentration on Jesus’ mercy and forgiveness
  • his call is especially to the poor and underprivileged
  • very sophisticated Greek
  • strong teaching on the danger of material possessions and misuse of wealth
  • Very strongly aware that Jesus is the completion of the OT
slide78
John:
  • Jesus is the revelation of the Father
  • He replaces in his own person the Temple and the religious institutions of the Jews.
  • The Hour of Jesus, his passion and resurrection, is not a disgrace but is the triumph of the King Messiah.
slide79
Prologue Of John’s Gospel
  • 1 * In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God.
  • 3 * All things came to be through him, and without him nothing came to be. What came to be
  • 4 through him was life,
  • and this life was the light of the human race;
  • 5 * the light shines in the darkness,
  • and the darkness has not overcome it.
  • 6 * A man named John was sent from God.
  • 7 He came for testimony, * to testify to the light, so that
  • all might believe through him.
  • 8 He was not the light, but came to testify to the light.
  • 9 The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming
  • into the world.
  • 10 He was in the world,
  • and the world came to be through him,
  • but the world did not know him.
slide80
11 He came to what was his own,
  • but his own people * did not accept him.
  • 12 But to those who did accept him he gave power to become
  • children of God, to those who believe in his name,
  • 13 * who were born not by natural generation nor by human
  • choice nor by a man's decision but of God.
  • 14 And the Word became flesh *
  • and made his dwelling among us,
  • and we saw his glory,
  • the glory as of the Father's only Son,
  • full of grace and truth.
  • 15 * John testified to him and cried out, saying, "This was
  • he of whom I said, 'The one who is coming after me ranks ahead
  • of me because he existed before me.'"
  • 16 From his fullness we have all received, grace in place
  • of grace, *
  • 17 because while the law was given through Moses, grace
  • and truth came through Jesus Christ.
  • 18 No one has ever seen God. The only Son, God, * who is at
  • the Father's side, has revealed him.
slide81
Christology in the Prologue of John’s Gospel.
  • Pre-existence of Christ
  • Divinity of the Word
  • Creation
  • Universal salvation
  • Creatio ex nihilo (creation came from nothing)
  • Divine filiation through adoption
  • Incarnation, Indwelling of God, Human nature is assumed not absorbed.
  • Jesus revelation of God’s glory
  • New Testament a fulfillment of the Old testament
slide82
The I AM sayings of Jesus

Exodus 3:13-15

Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, “the God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” God said ot Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘The Lord, theGod of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to yo’; this is my name for ever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations.”

slide83
I AM sayings in John

I AM the Bread of Life (6:48)

I AM the Light of the World (8:12)

Before Abrahm was I AM (8:58)

I AM the Good Shepherd (10:11)

I AM the Resurrection and the Life (11:25)

I AM the Way, the Truth and the Life (14:6)

I AM the Vine, you are the branches. (15:5)

slide84
Names of Jesus

Jesus: God saves

  • Son of Man (86 times, 83 in the NT, 81 times on the lips of Jesus Himself)
  • Messiah/Christos/Christ
  • Lord/Kyrios/Adonai
slide85

Son of God:

signifies the unique and eternal relationship of Jesus Christ to God his Father:

a) he is the only Son of the Father

(cf. John 1:14, “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father.” or John 1:18 “No one has ever seen God; the only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has made him known.”

slide86

John 3:16, 18 “16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God sent the Son into the world, not to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. 18 He who believes in him is not condemned; he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.”

slide87

b) he is God himself (cf. John 1:1 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” ).

c) To be a Christian one must believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. (cf. Acts 8:37; 1 John 2:23)

slide88
Incarnation:
  • Why did the Word Become Flesh?
  • a) The Word became flesh for us in order to save us by reconciling us with God. (CCC 457)
  • The Word became flesh so that we might know God’s love (John 3:16) “For God so loved the world that He gave His only Son , that whoever believes in shall not perish but shall have eternal life.”
  • He became flesh to be a model of Holiness: “Take my yoke upon and learn from me.”(Matthew 11:29)
  • Love one another as I have loved you.” John 15:12 This love implies an effective offering of oneself, after his example. (Mark 8:34)
  • The Word became Flesh to make us partakers of the divine nature.
slide89
The key Question of the Councils

“Is Jesus Christ God in the same sense the Father is God?”

slide90
Council of Nicea 325 A.D.

called by the Emperor, Constantine

Key word of the council:

Homoousious: one in being with

slide91
Council of Constantinople 381 A.D.
  • Council of Ephesus 431 A.D.
  • Council of Chalcedon 451 A.D.
slide92
Conclusions of the Councils
  • Jesus has two natures and one person
  • Jesus is fully human and fully divine
  • Nature answers the ? what
  • Person answers the ? who
  • Person is not an attribute of nature, it is the mystery which actualizes the nature. It is the subject of the nature.
  • The ultimate subject of who I am is my personhood.
slide93
Statement from the

Council of Chalcedon, 451 A.D

Following the holy Fathers, we unanimously teach and confess one

and the same son, our Lord Jesus Christ: the same perfect in divinity

and perfect in humanity, the same truly God and truly man,

composed of rational soul and body; consubstantial with the Father

as to his divinity and consubstantial with us as to his humanity; ‘like

us in all things but sin’. He was begotten from the Father before all

ages as to his divinity and in these last days, for us and for our

salvation, was born as to his humanity of the virgin Mary, the Mother

of God. We confess that one and the same Christ, Lord and only

begotten Son, is to be acknowledged in two natures without

confusion, change, division or separation. The distinction between

the natures was never abolished by their union, but rather the

character proper to each of the two natures was preserved as they

came together in one person.”

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THE HOLY SPIRIT

“The Spirit is to the soul, what the soul is to the body” St. Augustine.

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(Acts 2) When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability. 5 Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem. 6 And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each.
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7 Amazed and astonished, they asked, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 And how is it that we hear, each of us, in our own native language? 9 Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11 Cretans and Arabs--in our own languages we hear them speaking about God's deeds of power." 12 All were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, "What does this mean?" 13 But others sneered and said, "They are filled with new wine." 14 But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and addressed them, "Men of Judea and all who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and listen to what I say.
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15 Indeed, these are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only nine o'clock in the morning. 16 No, this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel: 17 'In the last days it will be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. 18 Even upon my slaves, both men and women, in those days I will pour out my Spirit; and they shall prophesy. 19 And I will show portents in the heaven above and signs on the earth below, blood, and fire, and smoky mist.
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20 The sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the coming of the Lord's great and glorious day. 21 Then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.' 22 "You that are Israelites, listen to what I have to say: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with deeds of power, wonders, and signs that God did through him among you, as you yourselves know-- 23 this man, handed over to you according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of those outside the law. 24 But God raised him up, having freed him from death, because it was impossible for him to be held in its power.
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1) We share God’s life.

2) Intimacy

3) Amazement: Acts 17:6 “These men who have turned the world upside down.”

4) A radically new kind of love: agape “ “By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” (John 13:35)

“See how they love one another.”

5) The Spirit is the very love of God

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HOW DO WE GET

THE HOLY SPIRIT?

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We don’t!

He gets us!

to whom does god give the holy spirit
To whom does God give the Holy Spirit?

“I tell you ask, and it will be given you: seek and you shall find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For every one who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it son asks for a fish, will instead of a fish give him a serpent; or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? If you, then,, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more, will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” (Luke 11:9-13)

why was the holy spirit revealed last
Why was the Holy Spirit revealed last?

St. Gregory of Nanzianzus: “The Old Testament proclaimed the Father clearly, but the Son more obscurely. The New Testament revealed the Son and gave us a glimpse of the divinity of the Spirit. Now the Spirit dwells among us and grants us a clearer vision of Himself. It was not prudent, when the divinity of the Father had not yet been confessed to proclaim the Son openly and when the divinity of the Son was not yet admitted, to add the Holy Spirit.”

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“Because the Spirit’s presence to us cAn be even more intimate than Christ’s. Or rather, Christ himself can be more intimately present through his Spirit than he was to his apostles bodily. They knew him better – more intimately and more accurately – after he left them and sent his Spirit. This is clear by comparing the apostles, especially Peter, in the Gospels and in Acts. ( Peter Kreeft The Holy Spirit p. 18.)
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All three persons act together in all three stages of our destiny.
  • First: the Father Creates us – not alone, but by his Word (the Son) (Genesis 1:3) and His Spirit (Galations 1:2)
  • Then the Son redeems us – not alone but by obeying his Father’s will unto death and by being baptized with the Spirit (John 1:3)
  • Finally, the Holy Spirit sanctifies us – not alone, but by showing us Christ (John 16:14-15) and, through Christ, the Father.
  • The work of Creation is especially appropriated to the Father, redemption to the Son, and sanctification to the Spirit. But each person of the Trinity works with the others.
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Only one merely human being in history was so full of grace” and of the Holy Spirit in this world that she was sinless, and perfectly obeyed the “first and greatest commandment,” to love God with her whole heart and soul and mind and strength. Mary is the Spirit’s masterpiece, “our tainted nature’s solitary boast.”
  • The Holy Spirit prepared Mary by his grace. It was fitting that the mother of him in whom “the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily” should herself be full of grace. She was bysheer grace, conceived without sin as the most humble of creatures, most capable of welcoming the inexpressible gift of the Almighty
the holy spirit and the church
The Holy Spirit and the Church

The Holy Spirit is to the Church what the soul is to the body. He is the Church’s soul, the Church's life.

the holy spirit and the sacraments
The Holy Spirit and the sacraments.

“And through the Church’s sacraments, Christ communicates his Holy and sanctifying Spirit to the members of His Body” (CCC 739).

The Seven Sacraments by

Rogier van der Weyden

circa 1445-1450

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Assignment:

Carefully read the booklets #2 God, #5 Jesus Christ & # 6 The Holy Spirit of the Luke E. Hart series and the pertinent section “The Profession of Faith” of the Catechism. Review your notes on today’s lecture. Then read the gospel of John. Trace the revelation of the doctrine of the Trinity, particularly as it is found in the Gospel of John, but also looking at how this gospel is a fulfillment of the revelation of the three persons of the Blessed Trinity in the Old Testament, and how John’s gospel became the foundation of the Christian understanding of the Trinity in the early Church. (roughly 1500 -2000 words )

great websites
Great websites

newadvent.org great links

catholic.com Catholic Answers sections on God & Christ, Scripture and Tradition, Church and papacy, Mary & the Saints, Faith and Science, Morality and Ethics, the Sacraments, Salvation, the Last tings, Non-Catholic Groups, practical apologetics.

catholiceducation.org Wide range of subjects with lesson plans.

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Nicene Creed

We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty,

maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen.

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God,

eternally begotten of the Father,

God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God,

begotten, not made, one in being with the Father.

Through him all things were made.

For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven,

by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man.

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;

he suffered, died, and was buried.

On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures;

he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,

and his kingdom will have no end.

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,

who proceeds from the Father and the Son.

With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified.

He has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.

We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.

We look for the resurrection of the dead,

and the life of the world. Amen..

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Glory to the Father, and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit.

As it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be world without end. Amen