Behavior based safety. Objectives Today. Identify differences between traditional vs. BBS. Know “when and when not” to implement BBS. Explain why most traditional safety programs don’t work! Understand why positive reinforcement is much more powerful than negative reinforcement.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Always Consider These 3 Components
Safety Management System
A business succeeds or fails through the performance of all of its employees.
Success = “Good” performance
Failure = “Bad” performance
Performance = the combined results of a series of behaviors
*Aubrey Daniels, author and behavioral psychologist“Business is Behavior”
Are inside a person’s head -therefore they are not observable or measurable.
However…Attitudes can be changed by changing behaviors
Antecedents – Trigger Behavior of its employees.
Behavior – Human Performance
Consequences – Either Reinforce or Punish BehaviorABC Model
Activators - A person, place, thing or event that happens before a behavior takes place that encourages you to perform that behavior.
Activators only set the stage for behavior or performance - they don’t control it.Definitions
Behavior - Any directly measurable thing that a person does, including speaking, acting, and performing physical functions.
If you don’t send in that payment we’ll take you to court
Oh please let it be Bob!
Magnitude - large or small
Impact - personal or other
R+ : any consequence that follows a behavior and increases the probability that the behavior will occur more often in the future - You get something you want.
R- : a consequence that strengthens any behavior that reduces or terminates the consequence - You escape or avoid something you don’t want.Both Positive (R+) & Negative (R-) Reinforcement Can Increase Behavior
Good safety suggestion Joe! Keep bringing ‘em up! the probability that the behavior will occur more often in the future - You get something you want.
One more report like this and you’re outa here!!
Punishment - a procedure in which a punisher (consequence that decreases the frequency of the behavior it follows) is presented.
- You may get something you don’t want.
Extinction - withholding or non-delivery of positive reinforcement for previously reinforced behavior.
- You don’t get what you want.Both Punishment & Extinction Decrease Behavior
You bonehead!! You can kiss that bonus for this year good-bye.... and take a few days off without pay!!!
Let him cry honey. If we get up every night when he cries he’ll never learn to go to sleep peacefully.
Observe what they do when they have the freedom to choose.
To create conditions that encourage people to collaborate because they want to…not because they have to!
“Focus on the process…not results…they will come later!”
“Behavior Based Safety Scores Show Significant Improvement while injury rate climbs!”
“If you do what you’ve always done, you’ll get what you always got!”
- W. Edwards Deming