Kaunas “Santara” gymnasium Amber Kipras Navickas Žygimantas Žilinskas 3A klasė
Table of contents • Amber • Formation of Amber • Amber near the Baltic Sea • Amber Road • Types of amber • Use of amber • Jewellery • Medicine • Amber oil • Amber powder • Amber chips • Classification • Appearance • Geological record • Legends involving amber • Sources
Amber Amber is tree resin that has fossilized through many years. It is very important to Lithuania because of the fact that it was very common near the Baltic Sea.
Formation of Amber First the tree resin is affected by high pressure and temperature to form copal. If the pressure and temperature conditions remain sustained for a long while, copal will eventually turn to amber.
Amber near the Baltic Sea Amber is extremely common near the Baltics. In fact, it accounts over 80 percent of the world’s supply of amber.
Amber Road • The Amber Road was an ancient trade route to transfer amber from the coasts of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
Types of amber • Black amber - aka Oltu stone, actually a type of jet found in eastern Turkey. • Baltic amber - the most common amber variety, found along the shores of a large part of the Baltic Sea. • Blue amber - a rare coloration, most commonly is found in the Dominican Republic and highly valued by collectors. • Copal - resinous substance in an intermediate stage of polymerization and hardening between "gummier" resins and amber. • Delatynite - a variety of amber found in Delatyn, Ukraine. • Dominican amber - nearly always transparent, and having a higher number of fossil inclusions than Baltic amber.
Use of amber • Amber is used in the manufacture of jewelry and ornaments, and also in folk medicine. Amber also forms the flavoring for akvavit liquor. Amber has been used as an ingredient in perfumes.
Jewellery One ofthemostpopularusesofamberisjewellery. It isused to makependants, necklaces, braceletsandsoon.
Jewellery It hasbeenusedinthiswayforquitesometime. Becauseofitscolorandnaturalbeauty, amberhasbeenappreciatedsincetheNeolithictimes.
Medicine Amber has also been used as medicine, although it has become a sort of alternative medicine nowadays.
Amber oil Liquidamberoilisusedasskinmedicine. It sinksintoyourskinandsuppliesthetissueswithnegativeions, whichrestorethepatencyofbloodvessels, thusimprovingthebloodflow.
Amber powder Amberpowdercan also healyourskin. It makesthemostvisibleresultswhenapplied to theface. Also, it canworkashangovertreatment.
Amber chips Amberchips are used to makesolutions. Thesesolutionscantreathangover, but also can be usedinaromatherapytreatments.
Classification • Amber can be classified into several forms. The composition of resins is highly variable; each species produces a unique blend of chemicals which can be identified by the use of pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry.The overall chemical and structural composition is used to divide ambers into five classes.
Appearance • Amber occurs in a range of different colors. As well as the usual yellow-orange-brown that is associated with the color "amber", amber itself can range from a whitish color through a pale lemon yellow, to brown and almost black. Other uncommon colors include red amber, green amber, and even blue amber, which is rare and highly sought after.
Appearance • Amber sometimes contains animals or plant matter that became caught in the resin as it was secreted.
Geological record • The oldest amber recovered dates to the Upper Carboniferous period (320 million years ago).
Legends involving amber • The origins of Baltic Amber are associated with the Lithuanian legend about Jurata, the queen of the sea, who fell in love with Kastytis, a fisherman. According to one of the versions, her jealous father punished his daughter by destroying her amber palace and changing her into sea foam. The pieces of the Jurata’s palace can still be found on the Baltic shore.
Sources • http://www.natural-baltic-amber.com/medical-use-of-amber/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/ • http://archaeology.about.com/od/baterms/qt/baltic_amber.htm • http://www.masterpage.com.pl/amber-oil/ • http://www.masterpage.com.pl/amber-powder/ • http://www.masterpage.com.pl/amber-chips/ • totallystockholm.se • amberpleasure.info • skywalker.cochise.edu • gemologyproject.com • hellodollface.com