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Chapter 8. Secondary Storage. Key Words & Terms. access speed: 读写速度 Blu-Ray (BR): 蓝光 capacity: 容量 CD (compact disc): 紧凑格式盘 CD-R (CD-recordable): 可写 CD (一次) CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): 只读 CD CD-ROM jukebox: CD-ROM 光盘库 CD-RW (compact disc rewritable): 可擦写 CD (多次)

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chapter 8

Chapter 8

Secondary Storage

key words terms
Key Words & Terms
  • access speed: 读写速度
  • Blu-Ray (BR): 蓝光
  • capacity: 容量
  • CD (compact disc): 紧凑格式盘
  • CD-R (CD-recordable): 可写CD(一次)
  • CD-ROM (compact disc-read only memory): 只读CD
  • CD-ROM jukebox: CD-ROM光盘库
  • CD-RW (compact disc rewritable): 可擦写CD(多次)
  • cylinder: 柱面
  • density: 密度
  • direct access: 直接读写
  • disk caching: 磁盘高速缓冲
  • DVD (digital versatile disc or digital video disc): 数字式通用盘
  • DVD player: DVD播放器
  • DVD-R or DVD+R (DVD recordable): 一次性刻录格式
  • DVD-RAM (DVD-random-access memory):可读写DVD
key words terms1
Key Words & Terms
  • DVD-ROM (digital versatile disc-read only memory): 只读DVD
  • DVD-RW or DVD+RW (DVD rewritable): 可擦写DVD
  • enterprise storage system: 大型存储系统
  • Erasable optical disk: 可擦写光盘
  • file compression: 文件压缩
  • file decompression: 文件解压
  • file server: 文件服务器
  • flash memory card: 闪存卡
  • floppy disk: 软盘
  • floppy disk cartridge: 大容量软盘
  • floppy disk drive (FDD): 软盘驱动器
  • hard disk: 硬盘
  • hard-disk cartridge: 移动式硬盘
  • hard-disk pack: 硬盘盘组
  • HD DVD (high-definition DVD): 高清DVD
  • head crash: 读写头损坏
  • hi def (high definition): 高清
key words terms2
Key Words & Terms
  • magnetic tape: 磁带
  • magnetic tape reel: 磁带卷
  • magnetic tape streamer: 流式磁带
  • mass storage: 海量存储
  • mass storage devices: 海量存储设备
  • media: 介质
  • optical disk: 光盘
  • optical disk drive: 光盘驱动器
  • organizational Internet storage: 高速网络存储
  • PC Card hard disk: PC卡式硬盘
  • pit: 光盘凹陷处
  • primary storage: 主存
  • RAID system: 冗余阵列盘系统
key words terms3
Key Words & Terms
  • redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID): 冗余阵列盘
  • secondary storage: 辅助存储器
  • secondary storage device: 辅助存储设备
  • sector: 扇区
  • sequential access: 顺序读写
  • shutter: 磁盘读写口
  • software engineer: 软件工程师
  • solid-state storage: 固态存储器
  • storage devices: 存储设备
  • tape cartridge: 磁带盒
  • tape library:磁带库
  • track: 磁道
  • USB drive: USB驱动器
  • write-protection notch: 写保护口
competencies page 1 of 2
Competencies(Page 1 of 2)
  • Distinguish between primary and secondary storage
  • Describe the traditional floppy disk and compare it to high capacity floppy disks
  • Compare internal hard disks, hard-disk cartridges, and hard-disk packs

Page 218

competencies page 2 of 2
Competencies (Page 2 of 2)
  • Describe ways to improve hard-disk operations, including disk caching, redundant arrays of inexpensive disks, and data compression and decompression
  • Discuss the different types of optical disks
  • Describe solid-state storage, Internet drives, and magnetic tape
  • Discuss mass storage and mass storage devices

Page 218

introduction
Introduction

Data storage has expanded from text and numeric files to include digital music files, photographic files, video files, and much more. These new types of files require secondary storage devices with much greater capacity than floppy disks. In this chapter, you will learn about the many types of secondary storage devices including their capabilities and limitations.

Page 219

storage
Primary storage

Volatile storage

Temporary storage

Secondary storage

Nonvolatile storage

Permanent storage

Secondary storage characteristics

Media

Capacity

Storage devices

Access speed

Storage

RAM

Page 220

secondary storage devices
Secondary Storage Devices
  • Most desktop microcomputer systems have floppy disks, hard disks, and optical disk drives
  • Are used to save, back up, and transport data files and programs

Page 220

floppy disks
Floppy Disks
  • Portable or removable storage media
  • Typically used to store and transfer small word processing, spreadsheet, and other types of files
  • Floppy disk drives (FDD)
    • Store data and programs
    • Retrieves data by reading electromagnetic charges
    • Also called flexible disks and floppies

Page 220

traditional floppy disk
Traditional Floppy Disk
  • Most common type is 2HD “two-sided, high-density”
  • Attributes
    • Shutter
    • Labels
    • Write-protection notch
    • Tracks
    • Sectors

Page 221

high capacity floppy disks
High Capacity Floppy Disks
  • Known as a floppy-disk cartridge
  • Require special disk drives
  • Most widely used is the Zip disk
    • 100 MB, 250 MB or 750 MB capacity
    • Used to store multimedia, database, large text, and spreadsheet files

Page 221

hard disks
Hard Disks
  • Use thicker, metallic platters for storage
  • Faster than a floppy diskette
  • Large capacity
  • Sensitive instruments
  • There are three types of hard disks:
    • Internal Hard Disk
    • Hard-disk cartridge
    • Hard-disk pack
  • Performance Enhancements

Page 221

materials that cause a head crash
Materials that Cause a Head Crash
  • Head crash is a disaster for a hard disk

Return

Page 222

internal hard disk
Internal Hard Disk
  • Located inside system unit
  • Designated as the C drive
  • Advantages over floppies
    • Capacity
    • Access speed

Return

Page 222

hard disk cartridges
Hard-Disk Cartridges
  • Removable hard disks
  • Used to complement internal hard disk
  • Capacities of 20 to 100 GB
  • Iomega is one of the most widely used

Hard-disk cartridge

PC Card Hard Disks

Return

Page 223

hard disk packs
Hard-Disk Packs
  • Removable hard disk
  • Massive storage capacity
  • Common in mainframes
  • Are utilized by banks and credit card companies

Return

Page 224

performance enhancements
Performance Enhancements
  • Disk caching
  • Redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID)
  • File compression and decompression

Page 225

optical disks
Optical Disks
  • Hold over 50 gigabytes of data
  • Attributes
    • Lands
    • Pits
  • Three types
    • Compact Disc (CD)
    • Digital Versatile Disc (DVD)
    • Hi-Def Disc

Page 226

compact disc
Compact Disc
  • Optical format
  • From 650 MB to 1 GB capacity
  • Rotation speeds vary
  • Three basic types
    • Read only: CD-ROM
    • Write once: CD-R
    • Rewriteable: CD-RW

Return

Page 226

digital versatile disc
Digital Versatile Disc
  • Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc (DVD)
  • Similar to CDs, but can store more data
  • Three basic types
    • Read only: DVD-ROM
    • Write once: DVD+R; DVD-R
    • Rewritable: DVD+RW; DVD-RW; DVD-RAM

Return

Page 226

high definition disc
High-Definition Disc
  • Next generation of optical disc
  • Far greater capacity than DVDs
  • Three basic types
    • Read only
    • Write once
    • Rewriteable
  • Two competing hi def formats
    • HD DVD
    • Blu-Ray

Page 227

other types of secondary storage
Other Types of Secondary Storage
  • Solid-state storage
  • Internet hard drives
  • Magnetic tape

Page 229

ipods and music from the internet
Ipods and Music From The Internet
  • The Internet can be used as a medium to locate and play music
  • A user can create compact discs, or transfer music to a portable player
  • Requirements
    • Software
    • Hardware
    • Internet

Page 230

solid state storage
Solid-State Storage
  • Flash memory cards
    • Widely used in notebook computers
    • Used to record MP3 music files
  • USB drives
    • Key ring flash memory devices or flash drives
    • Connects to a USB port

Flash memory card

Key ring flash memory

Return

Page 232

internet hard drives
Internet Hard Drives
  • Known as i-drive or online storage
  • Low cost and can access information from any location using the Internet
  • Oriented to either businesses or individuals

Return

Page 232

magnetic tape
Magnetic Tape
  • External storage
  • Provides sequential access
    • Information stored in sequence
    • Slower than disks which provide direct access
  • Magnetic tape streamers or tape cartridges used by both mainframes and microcomputers

Page 232

mass storage devices
Mass Storage Devices
  • Mass storage refers to the tremendous amount of secondary storage required by large organizations
  • Mass storage devices are specialized high-capacity secondary storage devices
  • Enterprise storage system

promotes efficient and safe

use of data across networks

within organizations

Page 233

discussion questions page 1 of 2
Discussion Questions(Page 1 of 2)
  • Discuss the traditional and high-capacity floppy disks.
  • What are the three types of hard disks? Describe three ways to improve hard disk performance.
  • What are the two most common optical disk formats? What is hi def? Describe the basic types for each format.

Page 242

discussion questions page 2 of 2
Discussion Questions(Page 2 of 2)
  • Discuss solid-state storage, Internet hard drives, and magnetic tape. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
  • Discuss mass storage, enterprise storage systems, and mass storage devices.

Page 242