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  1. Chapter 15 Review Government at Work: The Bureaucracy

  2. Question 1 What term best describes the way a bureaucracy is structured? • Cloud • Square • Pyramid • Ring

  3. Answer C. Pyramid Explanation: A bureaucracy has a chain of command running from the top of the pyramid to the bottom.

  4. Question 2 The President’s Cabinet was created by • Congress. • The Constitution. • The courts. • Custom.

  5. Answer D. Custom Explanation: It is an informal advisory body brought together by the President to serve his needs.

  6. Question 3 Which President is known as the “father” of the spoils system? • Thomas Jefferson • Andrew Jackson • James Garfield • Chester Arthur

  7. Answer B. Andrew Jackson Explanation: Jackson defended his actions by arguing that the duties of public office can be filled by any normally intelligent person.

  8. Question 4 What is the term that refers to a person who works within a bureaucracy? • Authority • Bureaucrat • Elected official • Public-policy maker

  9. Answer B. Bureaucrat Explanation: Bureaucrats, whether within a public or private organization, perform a specialized job.

  10. Question 5 Which department is NOT headed by a secretary? • Department of State • Department of Defense • Department of Justice • Department of Homeland Security

  11. Answer C. Department of Justice Explanation: The head of this department is the attorney general

  12. Question 6 What is the 12-month period used by the Federal Government for financial management purposes? • Annual statement • Budget cycle • Fiscal year • Policy calendar

  13. Answer C. Fiscal year Explanation: The federal fiscally year runs from October 1 through September 30.

  14. Question 7 Which of the following are government corporations? • General Services Administrations (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Civil Aeronautics Board; Interstate Commerce Commission • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), U.S. Postal Service, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  15. Answer C. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), U.S. Postal Service; Tennessee Valley Authority Explanation: Government corporations are established by Congress to perform certain business-like activities.

  16. Question 8 What title is shared by 15 large organizations represented in the Cabinet? • Administration • Commission • Department • Office

  17. Answer C. Department Explanation: Examples include the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, and the Department of Defense.

  18. Question 9 An executive branch agency at the Cabinet level is known as a(n) • Bureau. • Department. • Office. • Division.

  19. Answer B. Department Explanation: Below the department level, there is very little standardization of titles in the executive branch.

  20. Question 10 What is a large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization? • Bureaucracy • Administration • Staff agency • Line agency

  21. Answer A. Bureaucracy Explanation: A bureaucracy is an effective and efficient way to organize people to do work.

  22. Question 11 What are the Federal Government’s many administrators and agencies called? • Bureaucracy • Administration • Staff agency • Line agency

  23. Answer B. Administration Explanation: An administration enables policies to actually be carried out.

  24. Question 12 Which President pushed Congress to pass civil service reform in the late 1800’s? • Thomas Jefferson • Andrew Jackson • James Garfield • Chester Arthur

  25. Answer D. Chester Arthur Explanation: Arthur succeeded James Garfield who was shot by a mentally unstable office-seeker that Garfield refused to appoint to a high diplomatic post.

  26. Question 13 What is an organization that performs thte tasks for which the organization exists? • Bureaucracy • Line agency • Staff agency • Administration

  27. Answer B. Line agency Explanation: An example of a line agency is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

  28. Question 14 Which of the following are independent regulatory agencies? a. Council of Economic Advisors; Government Printing Office; United States Botanical Garden b. General Services Administration (GSA); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC); Civil Aeronautics Board; Interstate Commerce Commission • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC); U.S. Postal Service; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  29. Answer • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC); Civil Aeronautics Board; Interstate Commerce Commission Explanation: Independent regulatory commissions police important aspects of the nation’s economy

  30. Question 15 What is an organization that serves in a support capacity? • Bureaucracy • Administration • Staff agency • Line agency

  31. Answer C. Staff agency Explanation: An example of a staff agency is the Executive Office of the President.

  32. Question 16 Which of the following is NOT an advisory group to the President? • Kitchen Cabinet • Interstate Commerce Commission • Brain Trust • Cronies

  33. Answer B. Interstate Commerce Commission Explanation: The Interstate Commerce Commission is an independent regulatory commission established by Congress in 1887.

  34. Question 17 Which of the following are agencies that fall under the executive Office of the President? • Department of Justice, Department of the Interior, Department of the Agriculture • Department of State, Department of the Treasury, Department of Defense • General Services Administration (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • White House Office, National Security Agency, Office of Homeland Security

  35. Answer D. White House Office, national Security Agency, Office of Homeland Security Explanation: The EOP is a complex “umbrella” organization staffed by most of the President’s closest advisors and assistants.

  36. Question 18 What title is given to most agencies under the Executive Office of the President? • Administration • Commission • Department • Office

  37. Answer D. Office Explanation: Examples include the White House Office

  38. Question 19 Which of the following are independent executive agencies? • Council of Economic Advisors; Government Printing Office; United States Botanical Garden • General Services Administrations (GSA); National Aeronautics and space Administration (NASA); Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), civil Aeronautics Board; Interstate Commerce Commission • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), U.S. Postal Service; Tennessee Valley Authority(TVA)

  39. Answer B. General Services Administrations (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Explanation: Most of the independent agencies fall into this category

  40. Question 20 Unlike staff agencies, line agencies • Serve in a support capacity by offering advice • Are directly responsible for administering programs. • Help advise private programs of public interest • Primarily assist in the overall management of the executive branch

  41. Answer B. Are directly responsible for administering programs

  42. Question 21 In the executive branch, the title of department is reserved for • Agencies of Cabinet rank. • Independent agencies. • Agencies of the judicial branch. • Agencies of congressional rank.

  43. Answer A. Agencies of Cabinet rank.

  44. Question 22 The civil service system was finally established because of • President Washington’s actions creating the tradition. • President Jefferson’s support of political acceptability. • President Jackson’s development of the spoils system. • President Garfield’s assassination by an angry office seeker.

  45. Answer • President Garfield’s assassination by an angry office seeker.

  46. Question 23 The civil service was created partly to ensure that federal employees • May run in partisan political elections. • Are promoted based on loyalty to a political party. • Are allowed full participation in party activities. • Are promoted based on merit.

  47. Answer D. Are promoted based on merit.

  48. Question 24 Which of the following is NOT one of the principles upon which all bureaucracies are organized? • Hierarchical authority • Job specialization • Merit system • Formal rules

  49. Answer C. merit system

  50. Question 25 The phrase “name game” suggests that • Bureaucrats play many games with the bureaucracies they work for. • Government unit names are frequently changed to alter the responsibilities and change the image of the unit. • Titles of government units are not standardized. • The name commission is reserved for agencies of Cabinet rank.