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Measuring the Impact of ICT on Development A few methodological and policy issues Bruno Lanvin The World Bank Measuring Information Society WSIS, Tunis - 15 November 2005
Measuring the Impact of ICT on Development • What is impact ? M&E and the LogFrame • ICT, development impact and MDGs • Mainstreaming and measurement issues
Readiness Access Usage Value
What is Impact ? The LogFrame Pyramid Policy goals Strategic priorities Key initiatives Actions Resources Assumptions and risks
What is Impact ? From LogFrame to M&E M& E Indicators LogFrame level Impact Policy goals Outcomes Strategic priorities Outputs Key initiatives Deliverables Actions Resources Assumptions and risks
IMPACT Policy D- Strategy E- Strategy • Fight analphebetism • Diversify economy • Eradicate malaria • Reconcile communities • … Initiatives • Develop tourism • Develop fisheries • Develop ICTs • Promote regional customs union • … Actions • Attract FDI to ICT sector (infrastructure) • Promote e-litteracy • Stimulate local entrepreneurship in ICT (SMEs) • Provide adequate regulatory environt • … • PCs in primary schools • Adapt curricala • Train teachers • Establish exams and standard tests • … • Identification of one ‘pilot school’ in district 29 • 5 PCs delivered to school 29-3 • 1 diesel power supply installed in school 29-3 • … # of certified graduates in e-literacy courses Ratio PC/pupils in public schools # of ICT products & services companies Contribution of ICT to GDP # of public schools connected & running Typical M&E indicators/ time horizon
ICT, development impact and MDGs Goal 1 : Poverty eradication Targets 1,2 Goal 2 : Primary education Goal 3 : Gender equality Goal 4 : Child mortality red. Goal 5 : Maternal health Goal 6 : HIV/AIDS, and oid Goal 7 : Environment Target 3 Target 4 Scorecards and monitoring (tracking 48 indicators) Target 5 Efforts (resources) from local and international communities to reach MDGs Target 6 Targets 7,8 Target 9 Goal 8 : ICT & Partnerships Targ 12 to 18
Mainstreaming vs measurement ? • The problems • Sector data are still lacking • If available, they will only give part of the picture (digital divide/applications) • The push towards ‘mainstreaming’ will make measurement more difficult
Mainstreaming vs measurement ? • Possible steps to be taken • Strengthen local statistical capacity (data collection) • Foster agencies’ abilities (andf interest) to collect application-related data • Encourage development sectors (e.g. health, education) to identify common IT indicators linked to performance and development impact.
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