Future tense Leladze Ekaterina,Dashinova Ekaterina; LB1-11-40
Future Simple(Indefinite) Formation: will/shall+V1
Future Simple(Indefinite) Characteristic words and phrases: • the day after tomorrow; • one of this days; • next week(month, year); • in the (near) future; • in a month(year); • soon; • some day; • in fifty years’ time; • in 2050; • tomorrow.
Future Progressive(Continuous) Formation: will/shall + to be +V4
Future Progressive(Continuous)Characteristic words and phrases: • when I see him…; • at 10 o’clock; • soon; • the whole day(month, year); • at that moment; • all day long; • the whole evening; • from five till eight; • this time next year; • two days from now; • when;
Future Perfect Formation: will/shall + to have+V3
Future Perfect.Characteristic words and phrases: • by then; • by that time; • by Sunday; • by the end of the year; • by winter; • by 9 o’clock. • by; • by tomorrow; • before; • until/till, by then; • when (in the meaning "by the time")
Future Perfect Progressive(Continuous) Formation: will/shall+have been+V4
Future Perfect Progressive(Continuous)Characteristic words and phrases: • by 9 o’clock; • by the time; • by next winter; • for a week (month, year); • by the end of the year. • for a long time;
Notes: • No future tense is used in subordinate clauses of time and condition. Use the Simple Present instead of the Simple Future. • The Present Simple is used for future actions according to schedule / timetable instead of the Future Simple • The Future Perfect and the Future Perfect Continuous are rarely used in speech. They used mostly in writing, for example, in formal correspondence and scientific literature.
References • Ugarova Elena:«All times of English verbs» (compact directory of English verbs); Moscow, “Iriss Press”, 2008, 96 pages) • (the Russian sites devoted to studying of English) http://www.native-english.ru/grammar • http://usefulenglish.ru/grammar/the-key-to-the-future-tenses • http://www.alleng.ru/mybook/3gram/6verb_18.htm • http://www.study.ru/support/handbook/verb7.html • (American site for learning English tenses) http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/