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The Cosmological Argument. Science can offer us explanations of things that are within the universe, but does the universe as a whole have an explanation?. Cosmological Argument . Is an argument which says that God has to exist because the world exists.

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Science can offer us explanations of things that are within the universe, but does the universe as a whole have an explanation?
cosmological argument
Cosmological Argument

Is an argument which says that God has to exist because the world exists.

The world couldn’t exist without God because he created it

This argument is based on Cause and Effect.

slide6

“That’s easy

The big bang!!”

slide7

And what caused

That cause?

What caused

the big bang??

We need to take the scientific approach to this

Science tells us that everything has a cause. Let that be your starting point.

And what caused that

cause?

slide8

Science teaches us that

everything has a cause.

Make that your starting

point.

slide9

My name is St. Thomas Aquinas

But right now I am going to follow the scientists advice.

aquinas cosmological arguments
Aquinas’ Cosmological Arguments
  • Thomas Aquinas was probably the most important philosopher of the medieval period.
  • Aquinas was trying to connect/join the Christian faith with the philosophy of Aristotle (an ancient Greek philosopher/scientist/mathematician) whose works had just been ‘re-discovered’ and were being taught in the religious universities of Europe.
slide11

Something

must have

caused

the universe

Everything has a cause

Yes, the big bang

Something

must have

caused

the big bang

Something

must have

caused

that cause

Something

must have

caused

that cause

slide12

something must have caused that cause

Something

must have

caused

that cause

something must have caused that cause

something must have caused that cause

something must have caused that cause

slide13

something must have caused that cause

something must have……….

slide14

This is getting boring.

It’s just silly

If we keep asking“What caused that cause,”

Then we’ll never stop asking it! (Infinite regress)

And that just doesn’t make sense

Yes I agree

(Remember me? St Thomas Aquinas)

but

I have a solution!!

slide15

The only sensible explanation

Is that there must have been…………

a first cause uncaused

by anything else !!!

Let me explain it in black and white……

slide17

At the beginning - a first cause,

uncaused by anything else.

That first cause was the creator God.

slide18

The Cosmological Argument

  • Everything has a cause.
  • The Universe exists so it must have a cause.
  • You cannot have infinite number of causes.
  • Therefore there must be an uncaused cause, which causes everything to happen without itself being caused by anything else.
  • Such an uncaused cause is what people understand by ‘God’.
slide19

Cosmological Argument

The Universe Exists

Nothing can cause

itself to exist

Everything is caused

by something other

than itself

The universe was caused

by the Big Bang

What caused the Big Bang?

Cannot have an

infinite series of

causes

Cannot have

caused itself

Caused by

something

external to it

Something that

is outside the

universe

That something

is GOD

Something that

has caused itself

the uncaused cause in simple talk means
The Uncaused cause in simple talk means…

Everything has a cause… even a cause has a cause.

BUT

Something had to make the first cause happen. That something is what we know as ‘God’.

slide21

The strength of the argument

Is that it is based on the scientific principle that everything has a cause.

The second strength of the argument is that it starts off by saying, “the universe exists.”

That can’t be denied,

we are part of it.

slide22

The argument has two weaknesses

Firstly, you may have proved a “first cause”

but that doesn’t

mean it still exists or that it was God.

It may have died or disappeared.

slide23

The second weakness is this.

You start off by saying

“everything has a cause,”

It doesn’t make sense, and it’s

not logical to then say

“something has no cause.”

slide25

How did Aquinas claim that God was the First Cause of the universe? 4KU

  • What are the weaknesses of the First Cause argument? 4KU