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Review of Makhaarij. Al Huda Scarborough – Tajweed Class. OUTLINE. 1. Mouth and Teeth Diagrams 2. Letters of the Oral Cavity 3. Letters of the Throat 4 . Letters of the Tongue 5 . Qalqala Letters 6 . Characteristics of Daawd 7 . Characteristics of Sheen. Diagram of Mouth.

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review of makhaarij

Review of Makhaarij

Al Huda Scarborough – Tajweed Class

outline
OUTLINE
  • 1. Mouth and Teeth Diagrams
  • 2. Letters of the Oral Cavity
  • 3. Letters of the Throat
  • 4. Letters of the Tongue
  • 5. Qalqala Letters
  • 6. Characteristics of Daawd
  • 7. Characteristics of Sheen
letters of the oral cavity al jawf
Letters of the Oral Cavity(Al Jawf) -
  • This is the empty space in the mouth
  • The three vowel letters and sounds originate from here: Alif, Wow, and Yaa
  • Alif always originates from here
  • Waaworiginates from here when its saakin and a dhammah is before it
  • Yaa originates from there when its saakin and a kasrah is before it
yaa raising the tongue to the roof of the mouth

Air flows

through

Makhraj

2. Voiced

3. Softness in

sound

YaaRaising the tongue to the roof of the mouth

4. Back

and Middle

of tongue

do not rise

letters of the tongue
Letters of the Tongue

QAAF

KAAF

  • Extreme back of the tongue rises
  • Touches the SOFT palate
  • Voiced
  • Air Flow stops at makhraj
  • Middle of tongue does not rise
  • Qalqala
  • Back of the tongue rises
  • Touches HARD palate
  • Voiceless
  • Air flow stops at akhraj
  • Can NOT have qalqala
qalqala letters
Qalqala Letters
  • Qaaf, Taaw, Baa, Jeem, Daal
  • Taaw – tip of tongue touches the gums of the top two teeth
  • Baa – lips close
  • Jeem – middle of the tongue touches the hard palate
  • Daal – tip of the tongue touches the gums of the two top teeth
  • HOW DOES QALQALA OCCUR? Air flow is restricted at the makhraj; also the letters are voiced
  • In the Qu’ran, when stopping at a qalqala letter, you change the harakah into a saakin
jeem raising the tongue against the hard palate
JEEMRaising the tongue against the hard palate

1. Airflow

stops at

Makhraj

2. Voiced

3. Qalqalah

4. Back and

middle of

tongue do

not rise

sheen raising the tongue towards the hard palate

Air flows

through

Makhraj

2. Voiceless

3. Spreading

of sound

SheenRaising the tongue towards the hard palate

4. Back

and Middle

of tongue

do not rise

references
References
  • Illustrations: All photo credits go to Dr. AymanSwayd
  • http://www.therightfulrecital.com/2013/12/15/ibn-al-jazaris-muqaddimah-part-8a-the-makhraj-of-%D8%B9-and-%D8%AD/