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The Work of the Modern Biologist. BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY. Biology is the science that studies life and living things, including the laws that govern the phenomena of life. It can be divided into few discrete areas:. BOTANY. PHYSIOLOGY. ZOOLOGY. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. TAXONOMY. ENERGETICS.

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Presentation Transcript
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BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY

Biology is the science that studies life and living things, including the laws that govern the phenomena of life.

slide3

It can be divided into few discrete areas:

BOTANY

PHYSIOLOGY

ZOOLOGY

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

TAXONOMY

ENERGETICS

MORPHOLOGY

EMBRYOLOGY

GENETICS

EVOLUTION

PALEONTOLOGY

ECOLOGY

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THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

It’s a method used by scientists to describe a particular occurrence.

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The step of scientific method

OBSERVATION

HYPOTHESIS

EXPERIMENT

CONTROL

THEORY

LAW

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THE TOOLS OF THE BIOLOGIST

Biologist

Measurement tools

Miscellaneous tools

Observation techniques

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The importance of measurement for the modern biologist

Measurement is a basic requirement of all research.

Biometric is the science that combines mathematics and statistics needed to deal with the facts and figures of biology.

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Measurement tools

  • Analytical balance
  • Manometer
  • Spectrophotometer
  • Geiger counter
  • - Scintillation counter
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Observation techniques

  • Chromatography
  • Electrophoresis
  • Centrifuge
  • X- Ray diffraction
  • - Microscopes
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Miscellaneous tools

  • Incubators
  • Refrigerators
  • Autoanalyzers
  • Automatic mixer
  • Stirrers and shakers
  • - Autoclaves
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Laboratory equipment

Magnifier

Mortar and pestle

Oven and muffle

Petri dish

Pipette

Scalpel

Scissors

Swab

Test-tubes in rack

Wash bottle

Watch glass

Balance

Bunsen burner

Conical flask

Evaporating dish

Litmus paper

Wire gauze

Filter paper and funnel in beaker

Flask and stopper

Hood

Inoculating loop

Lancet

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Clothing and protective equipment

Apron

Blanchet

Cap

Eye-wash

Fire estinguisher

First-aid kit

Gloves

Goggles

Lab coat

mask

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RESEARCH MICROSCOPES

Microscopes extend the investigators’ field of vision.

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Type of microscopes

  • Research light microscope
  • Phase contrast
  • Ultraviolet
  • Trasmission electron microscope
  • Scanning electron microscope
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

P. Briano – A Matter of life - English for Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology – Edisco

P. Vaudo – On the Lab – Ed. Yuvenilia

Author: Gabriele