grap 3175 computer applications for drafting unit iv computer classifications n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
GRAP 3175 Computer Applications for Drafting Unit IV Computer Classifications

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

GRAP 3175 Computer Applications for Drafting Unit IV Computer Classifications - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 137 Views
  • Uploaded on

GRAP 3175 Computer Applications for Drafting Unit IV Computer Classifications. Criteria for Classifying Computers. Architecture Design of the internal circuitry Processing Speed MIPS / BIPS Number of Users Cost. Classifications. Supercomputers Mainframe computers Minicomputers

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GRAP 3175 Computer Applications for Drafting Unit IV Computer Classifications' - claude


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
criteria for classifying computers
Criteria for Classifying Computers
  • Architecture
    • Design of the internal circuitry
  • Processing Speed
    • MIPS / BIPS
  • Number of Users
  • Cost
classifications
Classifications
  • Supercomputers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Minicomputers
  • Workstations
  • Microcomputers (PCs)
supercomputers
Supercomputers
  • Fastest, most powerful, and most expensive computers
  • National security concerns
  • Climate controlled computer rooms
  • Main memory -- Gigabytes
  • BIPS
  • CRAY, NEC, etc.
supercomputers1
Supercomputers
  • Several thousand users
  • CPU time
  • GigaFLOPs
mainframes
Mainframes
  • Climate controlled computer rooms
  • MIPS
  • IBM
  • 1000+ users
minicomputers
Minicomputers
  • Do not need climate control
  • 100+ users
  • DEC, PRIME, etc.
workstations
Workstations
  • “Souped-up” PCs
personal computers pc
Personal Computers (PC)
  • 1 user
  • Do not need climate control
  • Wintel PCs
  • Versatile
why personal computers are popular
Why Personal Computers are Popular
  • Increased productivity
  • Problem-solving abilities
  • Usefulness to a variety of people for a variety of tasks
  • Inexpensiveness
  • Availability of easy-to-use software
benchmarks in the pc industry
Benchmarks in the PC Industry
  • Intel 4004 microprocessor 1971 -- 4-bit
  • Altair 8800 -- 1975 -- kit /w 1k of memory
  • Apple II, Commodore, Atari, TRS-80 Model I -- 1977
  • IBM PC -- 1981 -- 16-bit
  • IBM compatibles -- 1985-6
    • Tandy, Epson, Compaq, Zenith, etc.
  • Apple Macintosh -- 1984
benchmarks in the pc industry1
Benchmarks in the PC Industry
  • Compaq Deskpro -- 1986 -- 32-bit Intel 80386
  • NeXT -- 1988 -- 32-bit Motorola 68030
  • Intel 80486 -- 1989
  • Intel Pentium -- 1993
  • Apple Power PC
  • Pentium II
  • Apple G3
benchmarks in the pc industry2
Benchmarks in the PC Industry
  • Intel Pentium III
  • Apple G4
microprocessors
Microprocessors
  • Intel -- IBM, compatibles
  • Motorola -- Macintosh, NeXT, Amiga, Tectronics
  • Zilog -- TRS-80 Model 4
  • MOS Technology -- Apple II and IIc
conventional pcs
Conventional PCs
  • Towers / Desktops
  • Laptops / Notebooks
    • portable vs. transportable
    • docking station
  • Pocket PC
extended pc family
Extended PC Family
  • Slate Computers
  • Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)
    • Palm
  • Wearable PC
  • Wristwatch computer
issue of compatibility
Issue of Compatibility
  • ROM-BIOS
  • Methods to obtain compatibility
    • Emulation Software
    • Second microprocessor board
    • Networks
    • Industry standards