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Why did Americans Expand to the West and What Impact did the Expansion have on Native Americans? PowerPoint Presentation
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Why did Americans Expand to the West and What Impact did the Expansion have on Native Americans?

Why did Americans Expand to the West and What Impact did the Expansion have on Native Americans?

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Why did Americans Expand to the West and What Impact did the Expansion have on Native Americans?

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  1. Why did Americans Expand to the West and What Impact did the Expansion have on Native Americans? U.S. History Br. Siraj Date: January 4, 2020

  2. Reasons for Westward Expansion • Jefferson’s dream of having an “empire of liberty.” • Louisiana Purchase • Others believed in a “manifest destiny” • Belief that United States is destined to be expanded to the Pacific Ocean and into the Mexican Territory. • Others moved because of practical reasons • To have a fresh start in the West after 1837’s economic panic • Farmers and miners moved to grab more land • Merchants looked for opportunities to trade with Asia.

  3. Problems with Native Americas • Some Native Americans tried to maintain strong cultural traditions • Some Native Americans began to assimilate • Others Resisted • Black Hawk War involving Sauk and Fox tribes, ended in 1832 • Some Cooperation • At Middle Ground • Treaty to Stop Conflict • Treaty of Fort Laramie • Government agreed to honor the boundaries • But it violated the conditions of the treaty

  4. Routes to Westward Migration • Santa Fe Trail • Independence, MO to Santa Fe, NM • Used mostly by traders • The Oregon Trail • Independence, MO to Portland, OR. • Farmer settlers used this trail

  5. Role of Mormons in Settling the West • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints established by Joseph Smith • They moved from NY to Nauvoo, Illinois. • Brigham Young took the Mormons to further west out of the US territory. • Settled in the Salt Lake Valley • Turn the desert into farmland • Salt Lake City Blossomed

  6. Territorial Dispute • Oregon Territory was claimed by both Britain and United States • Fifty-Four Forty or Fight slogan to gain the entire Oregon. • The boundary was settled in 1846.

  7. Homework • Questions 1, 2 and 3 on page 285