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Measuring Safety Performance. Ohio BWC Division of Safety & Hygiene. A navigational tool An early warning sign Alter behavior To implement strategies and policies Trend Monitoring Improvement prioritization. Input into bonus and incentive systems A marketing tool Benchmarking

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measuring safety performance

Measuring Safety Performance

Ohio BWC Division of Safety & Hygiene

reasons for measuring performance
A navigational tool

An early warning sign

Alter behavior

To implement strategies and policies

Trend Monitoring

Improvement prioritization

Input into bonus and incentive systems

A marketing tool


Increased Motivation

Improvement project evaluation

Reasons for Measuring Performance
viewpoints of measurement

A macro view how overall results are measured to determine whether safety efforts are paying off.


A micro view

do measures insure individual performance or foster nonperformance.

Viewpoints of Measurement
types of measures
Results Measures


End of Pipeline




Activity Measures





Types of measures
what measures are appropriate
Upper Management

Middle Management


Safety Director


100% Results

50% Results

50% Activities

100% Activities

100% Activities

100% Activities

What Measures are Appropriate?
results measures
Results Measures
  • Lost-Time Injury Rate
  • Incidence Rate
  • Severity Rate
  • Accident Costs
results measures are good when
Results-Measures are good when…
  • They are broken down by unit
  • They give insight into the nature and causes of the accidents
  • They are expressed eventually in terms of dollars per unit
  • They conform to any legal and insurance requirements
limitations of results measures
Sometimes they measure only luck.

They do not discriminate between poor and good performers.

They do not diagnose problems.

They can be unfair if used to judge individual performance

Limitations of Results Measures…

Results measures do not tell you

“why an accident occurred” or

“how to improve future performance”.

activity measures
Activity Measures
  • Behaviors/performance linked to accident prevention.
how do you decide which activities to measure
How Do You Decide Which Activities to Measure?
  • It depends on your goals and what you want to accomplish
  • Organizational Vision, Goals, Strategic Plans, and Mission
who is responsible for safety
Who is responsible for Safety



Vice President

Plant Manager




Human Resources




steps to accountability
Steps to Accountability
  • Define expectations

and explain rationale.

  • Provide the tools

and skills.

steps to accountability con t
Steps to Accountability Con’t
  • Measure performance
  • Provide feedback.
next steps
Next Steps
  • Review current measurement systems.
  • Get management support/commitment.
  • Develop a vision.
  • Develop performance measures and activities for all levels of the organization.