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History of Literature. Epochs in History of Literature. Discuss with a friend : Which literary epochs do you know about ? What are they called and what characterize them ?
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Epochs in History of Literature • Discuss with a friend: • Whichliteraryepochsdo you knowabout? • What are theycalled and whatcharacterizethem? • Which English or American writersdo you knowabout?Thinkaboutwritten material butalso film adaptations of famousworks.
Epochs in History of Literature • 500-110: Old English • 1100-1400: Middle English • 1400-1500: The Renaissancebegins to spread • 1500-1650: The Renaissance and The Reformation • 1650-1800: The Restoration, The Age of Enlightenment • 1800-1835: The Romantic Age • 1837-1901: The Victorian Age • 1900-1945: Modernism • 1946: Postmodernism
Old English (500-1100) • History and epic poems • Oral tradition writing tradition • Example: King Alfred
Middle English (1100-1400) • Latin and French • Poetry • Drama • Example: Geoffrey Chaucer • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QE0MtENfOMU (General Prologue from Canterbury Tales, end of 14th century)
Canterbury Tales General Prologue • When April's gentle rains have pierced the drought Of March right to the root, and bathed each sprout Through every vein with liquid of such power It brings forth the engendering of the flower; When Zephyrus too with his sweet breath has blown 5 Through every field and forest, urging on The tender shoots, and there's a youthful sun, His second half course through the Ram now run, And little birds are making melody And sleep all night, eyes open as can be 10 (So Nature pricks them in each little heart), On pilgrimage then folks desire to start. The palmers long to travel foreign strands To distant shrines renowned in sundry lands; And specially, from every shire's end 15 In England, folks to Canterbury wend: To seek the blissful martyr is their will, The one who gave such help when they were ill.
The Renaissance Begin to Spread (1400-1500) • Romancesincreasingly popular • Folk ballads • Early Modern English • Example: Sir Thomas Malory
The Renaissance and the Reformation (1500-1650) Interest in education, science, arts, the classic • Lyricpoetry • Non-fiction prose • Early Modern English • Theatres • Examples: Shakespeare, Marlowe • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-n3gclQ1ak (10 things I hateabout you, 1999, based on The Taming of the Shrew by Shakespeare)
The Restoration and The Age of Enlightenment (1650-1800) • Religiouscontent • Age of Reason • Poetry • The rise of the novel • Examples: John Milton, Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ph0XLhnTNNM (Gulliver’stravels, 2010, based on the book with the same name by Jonathan Swift)
The Romantic Age (1800-1835) • Romanticpoetry • Use of everydaylanguage • Mystery and terror • Late Modern English • Examples: Jane Austen, Lord Byron, Sir Walter Scott • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nGkJmxlZ7o (Ivanhoe, 1982, based on the book with the same name, by Sir Walter Scott)
The Victorian Age (1837-1901) • Prose • From Romantic realism • Episodicwriting • Detectivestories • Drama • Examples: the Brontë sisters, Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, Rudyard Kipling • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuvbFHWfHbo&feature=related (Alice in Wonderland, 1951, based on the book with the same nameby Lewis Caroll)
Modernism (1900-1945) • Modernism develops • The ”ice-bergtechnique” • Imaginativechildren’sliterature • War poets • Examples: Joseph Conrad, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, TS Eliot, George Orwell • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xl08W86Oaqo&feature=related (The Hours, 2002, based on Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Wolf)
Postmodernism (1945) • Diversity in all forms • ”The angryyoung men” • Novels • Examples: Doris Lessing, VS Naipul, Harold Pinter, Toni Morrison
Info on Assignment • Instructions • Form pairs • Make research in the classroomouroutside • Pick onewriter • Tell me • Back in classroom at xx.xx