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Union vs. Confederacy. EQ: What advantages did each side have in the war?. 22 million people lived here Had more factories for making weapons & supplies Had more railroad lines so soldiers & supplies could quickly be moved.

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union vs confederacy

Union vs. Confederacy

EQ:

What advantages did each side have in the war?

north against south
22 million people lived here

Had more factories for making weapons & supplies

Had more railroad lines so soldiers & supplies could quickly be moved

9 million people lived here (1/3 of them were enslaved & couldn’t become soldiers)

Most of the fighting took place here

Soldiers were defending land they knew

Excellent military leaders

North against South
plans for war
Plans for War
  • Union leaders decided to block southern seaports … why?

- The Confederacy would not be able to trade with other countries!

● The Navy would also take control of the Mississippi River; then the Union army would attack in the East & West at the same time

south s strategy
South’s strategy
  • The South decided to fight off northern attacks until the Confederacy could survive as a separate nation
  • Southerners knew that many Northerners were already against the war, so if the Union lost too many battles the Northerners might give up
  • They also hoped for help from Britain & France because they needed southern cotton
the war in the east
The War in the East
  • At the start, both sides expected a quick victory
  • Thousands of men from both sides joined the armies
  • At the First Battle of Bull Run, General Thomas Jonathan Jackson led Confederate troops from the top of the hill. An onlooker said he looked “like a stone wall.” He became known as Stonewall Jackson.
what were they thinking
What were they thinking?
  • The Confederate army won the 1st Battle of Bull Run, but it was worse than expected.
  • People soon realized that the war would not end soon …