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The Rise of Realism. From the Civil War to 1914 By Ethan Young. Causes of Realism . Greatest cause of Realism: Civil War. Civil War led writers to abandon Romantic ideals. The Civil War: 1861-1865. Began with attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861;

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the rise of realism

The Rise of Realism

From the Civil War to 1914

By Ethan Young

causes of realism
Causes of Realism
  • Greatest cause of Realism: Civil War.
  • Civil War led writers to abandon Romantic ideals.
the civil war 1861 1865
The Civil War: 1861-1865
  • Began with attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861;
  • Ended at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia on April 9, 1865.
  • Casualties on both sides topped 1,000,000
after the war
After the War
  • When the Civil War ended, many American writers were disillusioned with Romanticism.
  • The days of Melville, Hawthorne and Poe were at an end.
  • But a new generation of writers were about to come of age.
the realistic novel
The Realistic Novel
  • Realistic novels portrayed everyday life.
  • Their characters were far from idealized; they included poor factory workers, corrupt politicians and prostitutes.
  • The subjects of Realistic novels were drawn from the slums of the cities and factories.
realistic roots europe
Realistic Roots: Europe
  • Realism has its roots in Europe; it was well-established there by the time it came to the U.S.
  • Realistic writers tried to represent the environment and manners of everyday life.
  • They also sought to explain why people do what they do.
  • Realistic novels relied on human and animal psychology.
realistic roots america
Realistic Roots: America
  • In America, Realism has its roots in regionalism.
  • Regionalism is literature that emphasizes a geographic setting and makes use of the speech and manners of those who live there.
  • Some regional writers include Harriet Beecher Stowe and Kate Chopin.
realism social influences
Realism: SocialInfluences
  • Reformers and journalists begin to expose abuses in the mining and meatpacking industries.
  • In the 1880’s, thousands of European immigrants settled in American cities.
  • Henry Ford invents the Model T in 1908 and drastically changes the American way of life.
famous realist mark twain
Famous Realist- Mark Twain
  • Mark Twain wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
  • Both novels portray young boys in the pre-Civil War South.
  • Both novels combine biting injustice in pre-Civil War life with a lyrical view of the American landscape.
  • Twain used lots of regional dialect in both books.
famous realist stephen crane
Famous Realist- Stephen Crane
  • Crane used lots of psychology in his books.
  • His main interest was the human character in moments of stress.
  • Crane was an ironist- he juxtaposed human illusions with the indifference of the universe in his novels.
  • Barksdale, Allen. "Stephen Crane." Www.bgsu.eduSpring 1996. 15 May 2009 <>.\\
  • "Tom Sawyer." 19 Nov. 2006. Lower Canada College. 15 May 2009 <>.
  • Vol. 5. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinhart and Winston, 2008.
  • "" 15 May 2009 <>.