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Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?. Unit 12. What are China’s power problems?. The Himalayas. The Three Gorges Dam is located in the remote interior. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?. What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China?.

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Unit 12


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    1. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Unit 12 What are China’s power problems?

    2. The Himalayas The Three Gorges Dam is located in the remote interior Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China? In China, areas with rich power resources and great H.E.P. potential are far from densely populated areas where power is in great demand.

    3. Coalfields 70% of country’s H.E.P. potential Oilfields Gasfields N  Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Distribution of power resources in China

    4. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Shanghai is the main area of power consumption Shenzhen faces a serious shortage of power. What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China? The 13 eastern provinces produce only about one-tenth of all the energy but consume 65% of the total consumption of the country.

    5. Harbin Urumqi Shenyang Baotou Beijing Anshan Jiayuguan Datong Dalian Tianjin Taiyuan Lanzhou Jinan Qingdao Xian Nanjing Wuhan Shanghai Chongqing Nanchang Changsha Guiyang Shaoguan Kunming Taipei Guangzhou Kaohsiung Hong Kong km With population over 2 million Densely populated areas over 400 people /km² Industrial cities N  Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Distribution of industrial centres in China

    6. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems caused by the uneven distribution of power resources in China? The cost of the transport of fuels from the western region to the eastern and southern regions is very high because of poor communication. This makes the supply of power uneconomical.

    7. Mining in Gobi Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? China should plan carefully the mining of these fuels so these power resources will still be available to our children. Non-renewable power resources All fossil fuels are non-renewable power resources because their reserves will decrease and be exhausted eventually.

    8. Backward mining town in Gobi Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China?  Capital and technology In China the development of the power industry has been affected by financial and technical problems. China requires foreign technology and capital in the development of her power resources.

    9. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? Capital and technology The development of H.E.P. faces the same financial and technical problems. Only 10% of its potential has been developed.

    10. The Three Gorges Project Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? Rapid increase in power consumption The demand for energy in China has been increasing rapidly because of strong economic growth. Power production in China cannot keep pace with the increase in demand.

    11. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Electricity Generation in China

    12. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Electricity consumption in China

    13. Urbanization Scientific farming Automobiles Mechanization Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? Rapid increase in power consumption

    14. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? Supply of power resources unable to meet demand China is exporting a lot of coal but it is also importing coal from other countries. If this trend continues, very soon China’s coal imports will be more than her exports.

    15. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems arising from the consumption of power in China? Supply of power resources unable to meet demand Today, China has to import about 20% of the oil she needs. The oil is mainly imported from Indonesia and the Middle East.

    16. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in China? Uneven distribution of power resources Some regions of the country have produced more than their needs while others are not producing enough to meet their demand. Uneven distribution of power resources Uneven distribution of population Uneven economic development

    17. Coalfield 70% of country’s H.E.P. potential Oilfield Gasfield N  Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Uneven distribution of power resources

    18. About 94% of the population live in the eastern and central provinces. Urumqi Shenyang Nei Mongol Beijing Xinjiang Tianjin Qinghai North China Pingyuan Lanzhou Shanghai Sichuan Middle and lower Chang Jiang Pingyuan Chengdu Taipei Guangzhou Densely populated Hong Kong Moderately populated Sparsely populated Zhu Jiang Delta City N  Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Uneven distribution of population

    19. Most of the economic centres are concentrated in eastern and central regions. Harbin Urumqi Shenyang Baotou Beijing Anshan Jiayuguan Datong Dalian Tianjin Taiyuan Lanzhou Jinan Qingdao Xian Nanjing Wuhan Shanghai Chongqing Nanchang Changsha Guiyang Shaoguan Kunming Taipei Guangzhou Kaohsiung Hong Kong km With population over 2 million Densely populated areas over 400 people /km² Industrial cities N  Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Uneven industrial development

    20. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Is the problem of insufficient power resources the same everywhere in China? Power shortage in southern provinces China’s southern provinces are basically poor in power resources yet the demand is great and is increasing rapidly. Power blackouts are frequent. Power shortage has become a serious problem in the southern provinces, this affects the economic development of the region.

    21. Factory machines Traffic congestion is common in urban areas Power plant Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels? Air pollution In the generation of electricity, the running of motor vehicles and factory machines emit greenhouse gases which cause global warming.

    22. Smog is common in northern China Air quality in Beijing is very poor Air pollution is serious in Shanghai Air pollution in Guangzhou Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? What are the problems caused by the use of fossil fuels? Air pollution Our big cities like Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing are seriously polluted.

    23. Unit 12 What are China’s power problems? Terms to learn Non-renewable power resources (非再生能源)--power resources such as coal, oil and natural gas, which are fossil fuels, can be used up one day as they cannot be recovered or recycled fast enough to meet consumption.