The Crises of the Late Middle Ages 1300-1450. 9/3/13. The Crises of the Late Middle Ages . Key Terms Great Famine Black Death bubo flagellants Agincourt Joan of Arc representative assemblies. nationalism Babylonian Captivity Great Schism conciliarists confraternities
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Centralized Government USA
Decentralized Feudal France
Small rulers control pieces of land (estates)
Land is owned by lords
Lords provide protection for labor and goods
Central Government Derives Power from People
Decentralized Feudal France Fights Itself for Land and Power
* Church is the ONLY centralizing force in Europe.
What were the causes of the Hundred Years’ War, and how did the war affect European politics, economics, and cultural life?
Battle of Agincourt
"I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. ” - Joan of Arc from her trial transcript.
What challenges faced the Christian Church in the fourteenth century, and how did church leaders, intellectuals, and ordinary people respond?
1. Pope Clement V moves to Avignon, France (1309)
2.Pope Urban VI moves back to Rome (1376)
3. Corrupt Cardinals ditch Urban VI to move back to Avignon, France and select NEW Pope Clement VII
First Church Reformer
How did economic and social tensions contribute to revolts, crime, violence, and a growing sense of ethnic and national distinctions?
Torture of gentry by peasants Defeat of the Jacquerie