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Dr. Caroline Planté OIE Sub-regional Representation in Brussels. Evaluation of VS: Addressing Veterinary Statutory Bodies, Private veterinarians and para-professionals. Purposes of evaluation. 1 – International exchanges.
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OIE Sub-regional Representation in Brussels
Evaluation of VS:Addressing Veterinary Statutory Bodies, Private veterinarians and para-professionals
1 – International exchanges
Legal basis : from Article 18.104.22.168 => To assist the process of risk analysis in international trade in animals and animal derived-products to which official sanitary and/or zoosanitary controls apply.
“Members should recognise the right of another Member to undertake, or request it to undertake, an evaluation of its VS where the initiating Member is an actual or prospective importer, and where the evaluation is to be a component of a risk analysis process which is to be used to determine sanitary measures to be applied to trade.”Purposes of evaluation
2 – Self-evaluation
= “first party” evaluation
= “second party”evaluation
= “third party” recognition OIE
Using the OIE-PVS Tool
“Tool for the evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services”
Reference to the PVS included in the OIE Code since 2006 (not the tool itself, as it is not a OIE standard, art 22.214.171.124)
4 fundamental components
Critical competencies (6 - 12)
5 level of advancement
Human, physical and financial resources
Technical authority and capability
Interactions with stakeholders
Access to markets
Chap I- Human, physical and financial resources
Section I-1: Professional and technical staffing of the VS
Section I-2: Competencies of veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals
Section I-3: Continuing education
Chap III- Interaction with stakeholders
Section III-4: Accreditation/authorisation/delegation
Section III-5: Veterinary Statutory Body
Core of full time civil service employees
Must include veterinarians
Should include vet. paraprofessionals
May include private sector vets and vet. paraprof
Functions to be described in detail : Analyse of adequate skills to undertake the tasks
Sufficient number of qualified, experienced field vets
Legislative basis and administrative mechanisms in placeEvaluation criteria
Subject to disciplinary procedures
“The appropriate staffing of the VS to allow for veterinary and technical functions to be undertaken efficiently and effectively.”
A-Veterinary and other professionals
level 1: the majority of veterinary and other professional positions are not occupied by appropriately qualified personnel
level 2: …. are occupied by appropriately qualified personnel at central and state / provinciallevels.
level 3: …. are occupied by appropriately qualified personnel at local (field) level
level 4: There is a systematic approach to defining job descriptions and formal appointment procedures for veterinarians and other professionals.
level 5 : there are effective management procedures for performance assessment of veterinarians and other professionalsEvaluation criteria
“The capability of the VS to efficiently carry out their veterinary andtechnical functions; measured by the academic qualifications of their personnel in veterinary, other professional and technical positions”.
A-Veterinary and other professionals
level 1: The veterinarians’ practices, knowledge and attitudes are of a variable standard that usually allow for elementary clinical and administrative activities of the VS.
level 2: …. are of a uniform standard that usually allow for accurate and appropriate clinical and administrative activities of the VS.
level 3: …usually allow undertaking all professional/technical activities of the VS (e.g. epidemiological surveillance, early warning, public health, etc.).
level 4: …usually allow undertaking specialized activities as may be needed by the VS..
level 5 :.. are subject to regular updating, or international harmonisation, or evaluationEvaluation criteria
“The capability of the VS to maintain and improve the competence of their personnel in terms of relevant information and understanding; measured in terms of the implementation of an annually reviewed training programme.”
level 1: The VS have no access to continuing veterinary, professional or technical education.
level 2: …. have access to CE (internal and/or external programmes) on an irregular basis but it does not take into account needs, or new information or understanding.
level 3: …have access to CE that is reviewed annually and updated as necessary, but it is implemented for less than 50% of the relevant personnel
level 4: …and it is implemented for more than 50% of the relevant personnel.
level 5: The VS have up-to-date CE that is implemented for all relevant personnel.Evaluation criteria
“The authority and capability of the public sector of the VS to accredit / authorise / delegate the private sector (e.g. private veterinarians and laboratories), to carry out official tasks on its behalf.”
level 1: The public sector of the VS has neither the authority nor the capability to accredit / authorise / delegate the private sector to carry out official tasks. .
level 2: …. has the authority and capability to accredit / authorise / delegate to the private sector, but there are no current accreditation / authorisation / delegation activities
level 3: …develops accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes for certain tasks, but these are not routinely reviewed.
level 4: …develops and implements accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes, and these are routinely reviewed.
level 5: ...carries out audits of its accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes, in order to maintain the trust of their trading partners and stakeholders..Evaluation criteria
Objectives and functions
e.g.: licensing and/or registration; minimum standards of education; standards of professional conduct
Legislative basis, autonomy and functional capacity
Capacity to enforce control and apply disciplinary procedures
Composition and representation of the body’s membership
Accountability and transparency in decision-making
Procedures of enquiries, publication, sentences, mechanism for appeal
Sources and management of funding
Administration of training programmes and continuing professional development for vets and vet. parap.
Documentation on content, duration, participants ; good vet practicesEvaluation criteria
“The Veterinary Statutory Body (VSB) is an autonomous authority responsible for the regulation of the veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals. Its role is defined in the Terrestrial Code
level 1: There is no legislation establishing a VSB.
level 2: There is a VSB, but it does not have legislated authority to make decisions nor to apply disciplinary measures.
level 3: The VSB regulates veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals only within certain sectors of the VS (e.g. public sector but not private sector veterinarians).
level 4: The VSB regulates veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals throughout the VS.
level 5: The VSB is subject to evaluation procedures in respect of autonomy, functional capacity and membership representation.Evaluation criteria
Efficiency of VS Trust in VS
Human resources constitute a crucial element for the quality of VSConclusion
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